Preparation of Nano-Activated Carbon from carbon Based Material for Copper Decontamination from Wastewater
American Journal of Applied Chemistry
Volume 3, Issue 3-1, June 2015, Pages: 31-37
Received: Jan. 15, 2015; Accepted: Jan. 19, 2015; Published: Jan. 27, 2015
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Authors
M. F. Elkady, Chemical and Petrochemical Engineering Department, Egypt-Japan University of Science and Technology, New Borg El-Arab City, Alexandria, Egypt ; Fabrication Technology Department, Advanced Technology and New Materials and Research Institute (ATNMRI), City of Scientific Research and Technological Applications, Alexandria, Egypt
M. M. Hussein, Chemical Engineering Department, Faculty of Engineering, Alexandria, Egypt
H. M. Atiaa, Chemical Engineering Department, Faculty of Engineering, Alexandria, Egypt
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Abstract
This investigation deals with preparation of an activated carbon in nano-scale from natural waste bio-materials of water hyacinth segments through chemical modification of water hyacinth followed by chemical and thermal activation of the material. The different parameters affecting in the chemical and thermal activation processes such as chemical types used for activation process, activation time and temperature and carbonization time and temperature for the thermal activation process were optimized to produce nano-size activated carbon. All prepared materials were evaluated as adsorbent materials for copper decontamination from industrial wastewater. The produced nano-activated carbon was characterized using X-ray diffraction (XRD), Morphological characterization (SEM), Thermal Analysis (TGA) and Fourier transform infrared spectroscopy (FTIR). The performance of the prepared nano-activated carbon was evaluated for copper ion sorption from aqueous solution using batch technique. The influence of the different parameters affecting the copper sorption process was examined. The results indicated that the prepared nano-activated carbon recorded high copper removal of 86.12% within 4hours.
Keywords
Nano-Activated Carbon, Water Hyacinth, Chemical and Thermal Activation Processes Copper Removal
To cite this article
M. F. Elkady, M. M. Hussein, H. M. Atiaa, Preparation of Nano-Activated Carbon from carbon Based Material for Copper Decontamination from Wastewater, American Journal of Applied Chemistry. Special Issue: Nano-Technology for Environmental Aspects. Vol. 3, No. 3-1, 2015, pp. 31-37. doi: 10.11648/j.ajac.s.2015030301.15
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