Nutritional Composition and Fatty Acids Analysis of Capparis decidua L. Fruits
American Journal of Applied Chemistry
Volume 6, Issue 2, April 2018, Pages: 39-42
Received: Feb. 2, 2018; Accepted: Mar. 14, 2018; Published: Apr. 9, 2018
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Authors
Ayat Ahmed Alrasheid, Botany Department, Faculty of Science, University of Khartoum, Khartoum, Sudan
Sayadat El Tigani, Botany Department, Faculty of Science, University of Khartoum, Khartoum, Sudan
Sakina Yagi, Botany Department, Faculty of Science, University of Khartoum, Khartoum, Sudan
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Abstract
The aim of this study was to find out the nutritional value, fatty acids and mineral composition of fruits of Capparis decidua L. This has been carried out by analyzing chemical composition for samples of the plant collected from Goz Abu kelab, Algutaina Road, White Nile State, Sudan. The proximate analysis and fatty acids composition were determined by analyzing sample of identified plants using different methods. The results of analysis showed that the fruits of C. decidua. contain total ash (6.34±0.06%), moisture (5.18±0.01%), total oil percentage (6.02±0.02%), crude fiber (6.19±0.5%), crude protein (14.32±0.2%), total carbohydrates (61.95±0.03%) and total sugar (0.42±0.1%). The fixed oil extracted from fruits were evaluated for chemical composition. The GC-FID analysis showed the presence of various saturated and unsaturated fatty acids such as Lauric acid (0.2080%) methyl ester, Tri decanoic acid methyl ester (0.3035%), Myristic acid methyl ester (0.5851%), palmatic acid methyl ester (46.0220%), Lamda-Linolenic acid methyl ester (0.6700%), Linolelaidic acid methyl ester (45.7910%), Cis- 11-Eicosenoic acid methyl ester (3.9941%), Arachidonic acid methyl ester (0.3080%), Erucic acid methyl ester (1.6876%) and Tricosanoic acid methyl ester (0.4307%). Fruits of C.decidua contained iron (81.8 mg/100g), sodium (26.9 mg/100g), potassium (2969.6 mg/100g), calcium (14.1 mg/100g) and manganese was not detected but it might been found in trace undetectable amounts. Generally, proximate compositions revealed that C.decidua fruits have better nutritional value as food and livestock feedstuff.
Keywords
Capparis decidua Fruits, Proximate Analysis, Fatty Acids, Mineral Composition
To cite this article
Ayat Ahmed Alrasheid, Sayadat El Tigani, Sakina Yagi, Nutritional Composition and Fatty Acids Analysis of Capparis decidua L. Fruits, American Journal of Applied Chemistry. Vol. 6, No. 2, 2018, pp. 39-42. doi: 10.11648/j.ajac.20180602.11
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Copyright © 2018 Authors retain the copyright of this article.
This article is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/) which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.
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