Synthesis of D-pantolactone via Combined a Novel Organocatalyst Catalyzed Asymmetric Aldol Reaction and Hydrogenation Catalyzed by Cu-/SiO2
American Journal of Applied Chemistry
Volume 5, Issue 4, August 2017, Pages: 62-68
Received: Aug. 13, 2017; Published: Aug. 14, 2017
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Jin Man-man, College of Chemical Engineering, Qingdao University of Science and Technology, Qingdao, China
Wang Jin-jin, College of Chemical Engineering, Qingdao University of Science and Technology, Qingdao, China
Lv Zhi-guo, College of Chemical Engineering, Qingdao University of Science and Technology, Qingdao, China
Guo Zhen-mei, College of Marine Science and Biological Engineering, Qingdao University of Science and Technology, Qingdao, China
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The combination of an asymmetric organocatalytic aldol reaction with a subsequent hydrogenation for the synthesis of D-pantolactone is demonstrated. This process consists of an initial aldol reaction catalyzed by a novel chiral L- histidine-modified-ionic-liquid- [EMIm] [His], which has been designed and synthesized as an efficient recoverable catalyst for the asymmetric aldol reaction with superior enantioselectivity in CH2Cl2, than L-histidine itself. [EMIm] [His] retains its activity and enantioselectivity over at least five reaction cycles, and its universal applicability has been demonstrated. Moreover optimum process of Cu-/SiO2-catalysed hydrogenation of condensation product- (D) -3- formyl -2- hydroxy -3- ethyl butyrate to obtain D-pantolactone has been established allowing the synthesis of D-pantolactone in >99% purity, 93% yield and 93% enantiomeric excesse (ee). The results show that CuO-CeO2/SiO2 exhibits better catalytic activity than CuO/SiO2 for better dispersion and larger surface area, and the best reaction conditions are as follows: 120°C, n (H2): n (isobutylaldehyde) =80:1, P (H2) =8.0 MPa, liquid airspeed: 0.6 h-1.
Asymmetric Aldol Reaction, Organocatalyst, L-Histidine-Modified-Ionic-Liquid, D-Pantolactone, Cu-/SiO2, Hydrogenation
To cite this article
Jin Man-man, Wang Jin-jin, Lv Zhi-guo, Guo Zhen-mei, Synthesis of D-pantolactone via Combined a Novel Organocatalyst Catalyzed Asymmetric Aldol Reaction and Hydrogenation Catalyzed by Cu-/SiO2, American Journal of Applied Chemistry. Vol. 5, No. 4, 2017, pp. 62-68. doi: 10.11648/j.ajac.20170504.12
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