Please enter verification code
GC/GC-MS Analysis, Isolation and Identification of Bark Essential Oil Components from Cinnamomum culilawan, Blume
American Journal of Applied Chemistry
Volume 4, Issue 4, August 2016, Pages: 157-160
Received: Jul. 1, 2016; Accepted: Jul. 13, 2016; Published: Aug. 2, 2016
Views 4604      Downloads 205
Hanoch Julianus Sohilait, Departement of Chemistry, Faculty of Mathematic and Natural Science, Pattimura University, Ambon, Indonesia
Healthy Kainama, Departement of Chemistry Education, Faculty of Training and Education, Pattimura University, Ambon, Indonesia
Article Tools
Follow on us
The essentials oils (EO) in Cinnamomum culilawan bark have been isolated by steam distillation and evaluated by GC/GC-MS, IR and NMR methods. The GC/GC-MS analysis identified 12 compounds. The major components are eugenol (66.477%), safrole (12.432%) and methyleugenol (6.972%). Repeated purification of the two main compounds yielded eugenol (51.66%), and safrole (6.71%).
Cinnamomum culilawan, Bark Essential Oil, Chemical Composition, Eugenol, Safrole
To cite this article
Hanoch Julianus Sohilait, Healthy Kainama, GC/GC-MS Analysis, Isolation and Identification of Bark Essential Oil Components from Cinnamomum culilawan, Blume, American Journal of Applied Chemistry. Vol. 4, No. 4, 2016, pp. 157-160. doi: 10.11648/j.ajac.20160404.16
Copyright © 2016 Authors retain the copyright of this article.
This article is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License ( which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.
Ketaren S, Pengantar Minyak Atsiri, PN. Balai Pustaka, Jakarta, 1985.
Sastrohamidjojo H, Kimia Minyak Atsiri, Gadjah Mada University Press, 2004.
LenseO, The wild plants used as traditional medicines by indigenous people of Manokwari, West Papua, Bio Diversitas, 2012, 13 (2), 98-106.
Jantan I, Ali N. A. M, Ahmad A. R and Ahmad A. S, Chemical constituents of the essential oils of Cinnamomum sintoc, Blume, Pertanika J. Sci. & Techno., 1994, 2 (1), 39-45.
Iskandar Y, Supriyatna S, Chemical composition of volatile oil from Cinnamomum sintoc stem barks, Proceeding of The international seminar on chemistry, Jatinangor, Indonesia, 2008, 601-603
Reynertson K. A, Balick M. J, Lee R, Raynor W, Pelep Y, Kennelly E. J, A traditional method of Cinnamomum carolinense preparation eliminates safrole from a therapeutic Pohnpean tea, J. Ethnopharmacology, 2005, 102, 269–274.
Luo Y, LuoYo, Chen F, Liu H, Studies on the Chemical constituents in the essential oils from the leaves of Cinnamomum bodinieri Levi, Adv. Meterials Res., 2014, 1015, 373-376.
Kapelle I. B. D, Irawadi, T. T, Rusli M. S, Mangunwidjaja D, Mas’ud, Z. A, Synthesis of new curcumin analogues from kulitlawang oils using the conventional method and microwave, Sci. J. Chem., 2015, 3 (3): 50-56.
Sohilait M. R, Sohilait, H. J, Fransina E, 2013, Synthesis of 34-methylenedioxy isoamylcinamic as the sunscreen Compound from culilawang oil, Ind. J. Chem. Res., 2013, 1, 1-5.
Li H. Q, Liu Q. Z, Liu Z. L, Du Sh. Sh and Deng Z. W, Chemical composition and nematicidalactivity of essential oil of Agastacherugosaagainst Meloidogyne incognita, Molecules, 2013, 18, 4170-4180.
Chu S. S, Cheng Fang Wang C. F, Du S. S, Liu S. L, Liu Z. L, Toxicity of the essential oil of Illiciumdifengpistem bark and its constituent compounds towards two grain storage insects, J. Insect Sci., 2011, 11 (152), 1-10.
Valente V. M. M, Jham G. N, Jardim C. M, Dhingra O. D, Ghiviriga I, Major antifungals in nutmeg essential oil against Aspergillus flavus and A. ochraceus, J. Food Res., 2015, 4 (1), 51-57.
Kamatou G. P, Vermaak I and Viljoen A. M, Eugenol- From the remote Maluku Islands to the international market place: A review of a remarkable and versatile molecule, Molecules, 2012, 17, 6953-6981.
Huang Y, Ho S. H, Lee H. C, Yap Y. L. Insecticidal properties of eugenol, isoeugenol and methyleugenol and their effectson nutrition of Sitophilus zeamais Motsch. (Coleoptera: Curculionidae) and Tribolium castaneum (Herbst) (Coleoptera: Tenebrionidae), J. Stored Prod. Res., 2002, 38, 403-412.
Ozturk A, Ozbek H, The Anti-inflammatory activity of Eugenia caryophyllata essential oil: An animal model of anti-inflammatory activity, Eur. J. Gen. Med., 2005, 2 (4), 159-163.
Science Publishing Group
1 Rockefeller Plaza,
10th and 11th Floors,
New York, NY 10020
Tel: (001)347-983-5186