The Geochemical Speciation of Hand-dug Well Water of Kakamega County, Kenya
American Journal of Applied Chemistry
Volume 4, Issue 2, April 2016, Pages: 40-49
Received: Feb. 7, 2016;
Accepted: Feb. 18, 2016;
Published: Mar. 19, 2016
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Joshua Kiprotich Kibet, Department of Chemistry, Egerton University, Egerton, Kenya
David Munyonge Kituyi, Department of Chemistry, Egerton University, Egerton, Kenya
Samuel Limo Chelimo, Department of Physics, University of Eldoret, Eldoret, Kenya
Lorna Chemutai Chesir, Department of Chemistry, Egerton University, Egerton, Kenya
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This contribution makes use of AquaChem computational platform to determine the mineral assemblage and mineral speciation of hand-dug well water of Kakamega Metropolis. Mineral speciation, hydrochemical behavior, charge balance error (CBE), and piper plots are important factors in establishing mineral composition and water histories of a given hydrological regime. The ionic strength as predicted using AquaChem was between 0.0051 and 0.0068 in the hand-dug wells investigated in this study. AquaChem gave a charge balance error (CBE) of between 38.0 and - 0.9, and predicted that Kakamega waters belong to the class of primary waters having very low concentration of total dissolved solids (TDS<150 mg/kg). Piper plots indicated that the water is possibly from local supply of each element throughout history, origin, and migration of the water. Evidently, the oxygen-rich ions represented by HCO3- and SO42- were abundant compared to Cl- and F-. This implies that the water originates from shallow aquifers, and is of low salinity.
AquaChem, Aquifer, Charge Balance Error, Speciation
To cite this article
Joshua Kiprotich Kibet,
David Munyonge Kituyi,
Samuel Limo Chelimo,
Lorna Chemutai Chesir,
The Geochemical Speciation of Hand-dug Well Water of Kakamega County, Kenya, American Journal of Applied Chemistry.
Vol. 4, No. 2,
2016, pp. 40-49.
Copyright © 2016 Authors retain the copyright of this article.
This article is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/
) which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.
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