Chromatographic, Spectroscopic, and Thermal Characterization of Biofield Energy Treated N,N-Dimethylformamide
American Journal of Applied Chemistry
Volume 3, Issue 6, December 2015, Pages: 188-193
Received: Oct. 11, 2015;
Accepted: Oct. 20, 2015;
Published: Nov. 16, 2015
Views 5292 Downloads 125
Mahendra Kumar Trivedi, Trivedi Global Inc., Henderson, NV, USA
Alice Branton, Trivedi Global Inc., Henderson, NV, USA
Dahryn Trivedi, Trivedi Global Inc., Henderson, NV, USA
Gopal Nayak, Trivedi Global Inc., Henderson, NV, USA
Gunin Saikia, Trivedi Science Research Laboratory Pvt. Ltd., Bhopal, Madhya Pradesh, India
Snehasis Jana, Trivedi Science Research Laboratory Pvt. Ltd., Bhopal, Madhya Pradesh, India
Follow on us
N,N-Dimethylformamide (DMF) is a ‘universal’ solvent and has wide variety of applications in organic synthesis, purification, crystallization, and as cross-linking agent. The aim of this study was to evaluate the physicochemical and spectroscopic properties of DMF after the biofield energy treatment using various analytical techniques. DMF sample was divided into two parts, one part (control) remained as untreated, while the other (treated) part was treated with Mr. Trivedi’s biofield energy treatment. The treated sample was subdivided into three parts named as T1, T2, and T3 for gas chromatography-mass spectrometry (GC-MS) analysis. Five relatively intense peaks were observed in the mass spectrum of both control and treated samples of DMF. The GC-MS data revealed that the isotopic abundance ratio of (PM+1)/PM in DMF was slightly decreased by 5.76% in T1, and increased by 48.73%, and 30.17% in T2, and T3 samples, respectively as compared to the control [where, PM- primary molecule, (PM+1)- isotopic molecule either for 13C or 2H or 15N]. Similarly, the isotopic abundance ratio of (PM+2)/PM was decreased by 10.34% in T1 and then increased upto 43.67% (T2) as compared to the control [where, (PM+2)- isotopic molecule for 18O]. In high performance liquid chromatography (HPLC), the treated DMF showed similar retention time (TR) as compared to the control with an additional small peak at 2.26 min appeared in the treated sample. In DSC thermogram the heat change in a sharp endothermic transition at around 61°C of treated DMF was increased by 152.56% as compared to the control. Further, C=O and C-N stretching frequencies of treated sample were shifted by 7 cm-1 and 3 cm-1, respectively towards low energy region in Fourier transform infrared (FT-IR) spectroscopy. These results suggested that biofield energy treatment has significantly altered the physical and spectroscopic properties of DMF, which could make them more stable solvent in organic synthesis and as a suitable formulation agent in polymer/paint industry.
Biofield Energy Treatment, N,N-Dimethylformamide, Gas Chromatography-Mass Spectrometry / High Performance Liquid Chromatography, Isotopic Abundance
To cite this article
Mahendra Kumar Trivedi,
Chromatographic, Spectroscopic, and Thermal Characterization of Biofield Energy Treated N,N-Dimethylformamide, American Journal of Applied Chemistry.
Vol. 3, No. 6,
2015, pp. 188-193.
Copyright © 2015 Authors retain the copyright of this article.
This article is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/
) which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.
Liu C, Ni Q, Baoa F, Qiua J (2011) A simple and efficient protocol for a palladium-catalyzed ligand-free Suzuki reaction at room temperature in aqueous DMF. Green Chem 13: 1260-1266.
Pageau D, Marcu E, Aston D (2005) Paint stripping composition and method of using the same. US 6923873 B2.
Iovleva MM, Smirnova VN, Budnitskii GA (2001) The solubility of polyacrylonitrile. Fibre Chem 33: 262-264.
Chen TK, Tien YI, Wei KH (2000) Synthesis and characterization of novel segmented polyurethane/clay nanocomposites. Polymer 41: 1345-1353.
Grodowska K, Parczewski A (2010) Organic solvents in the pharmaceutical industry. Acta Pol Pharm 67: 3-12.
Dixit M, Kulkarni PK (2012) Lyophilization monophase solution technique for improvement of the solubility and dissolution of piroxicam. Res Pharm Sci 7: 13-21.
Subbiah T, Bhat GS, Tock RW, Parameswaran S, Ramkumar SS (2005) Electrospinning of nanofibers. J Appl Poly Sci 96: 557-569.
Stapf D, Passler P, Bachtler M, Scheidsteger O, Bartenbach B (2002) Preparation of acetylene and synthesis gas US 6365792 B1.
Hildenbrand K, von Dohren HH, Perrey H, Frank G, Dhein R (1989) Test device and a method for the detection of a component of a liquid sample US 4824639 A.
Kuo HW, Lin KC, Huang YS, Lou JC, Cheng TJ, et al. (2001) Reduction of worker exposure to solvents by means of an occupational health program: An experience at a synthetic leather factory in Taiwan. J Occup Health 43: 339-345.
Mauerer O (2005) New reactive, halogen-free flame retardant system for epoxy resins. Polym Degrad Stabil 88: 70-73.
Chang CP, Chen JN, Luc MC, Yang HY (2005) Photocatalytic oxidation of gaseous DMF using thin film TiO2 photocatalyst. Chemosphere 58: 1071-1078.
Trivedi MK, Patil S, Tallapragada RM (2014) Atomic, crystalline and powder characteristics of treated zirconia and silica powders. J Material Sci Eng 3: 144.
Shinde V, Sances F, Patil S, Spence A (2012) Impact of biofield treatment on growth and yield of lettuce and tomato. Aust J Basic & Appl Sci 6: 100-105.
Rubik B (2002) The biofield hypothesis: Its biophysical basis and role in medicine. J Altern Complement Med 8: 703-717.
Thomas AH (2012) Hidden in plain sight: The simple link between relativity and quantum mechanics. Swansea, UK.
NIH, National Center for Complementary and Alternative Medicine. CAM Basics. Publication 347. [October 2, 2008]. Available at: http://nccam.nih.gov/health/whatiscam/
Movaffaghi Z, Farsi M (2009) Biofield therapies: Biophysical basis and biological regulations? Complement Ther Clin Pract 15: 35-37, 31.
Trivedi MK, Nayak G, Patil S, Tallapragada RM, Latiyal O (2015) Studies of the atomic and crystalline characteristics of ceramic oxide nano powders after bio field treatment. Ind Eng Manage 4: 161.
Trivedi MK, Patil S, Nayak G, Jana S, Latiyal O (2015) Influence of biofield treatment on physical, structural and spectral properties of boron nitride. J Material Sci Eng 4: 181.
Lenssen AW (2013) Biofield and fungicide seed treatment influences on soybean productivity, seed quality and weed community. Agricultural Journal 83: 138-143.
Trivedi MK, Patil S, Shettigar H, Bairwa K, Jana S (2015) Phenotypic and biotypic characterization of Klebsiella oxytoca: An impact of biofield treatment. J Microb Biochem Technol 7: 203-206.
Rieley G (1994) Derivatization of organic-compounds prior to gas-chromatographic combustion-isotope ratio mass-spectrometric analysis: Identification of isotope fractionation processes. Analyst 119: 915-919.
Mook W, Vries J (2003-2004) Environmental isotopes in the hydrological cycle principles and applications. International Atomic Energy Agency, Vienna, 1: 1-271.
Smith BC (2011) Fundamentals of Fourier transform infrared spectroscopy, CRC Press, Taylor and Francis Group, Boka Raton, New York.