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Firing Resistance of Ordinary Portland Cement Pastes Incorporated a Waste of Building Bricks
American Journal of Chemical Engineering
Volume 5, Issue 6, November 2017, Pages: 140-146
Received: Jul. 24, 2017; Accepted: Aug. 21, 2017; Published: Nov. 17, 2017
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Hassan Hassanien Mohamed Darweesh, Department of Refractories, Ceramics and Building Materials, National Research Centre, Dokki, Cairo, Egypt
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Addition of fine materials, as clay bricks or Homra (H) to Ordinary Portland cement (OPC) is evidently increases resistance to firing. Effect of firing temperature on physical, mechanical properties and phase composition of cement pastes is investigated. H can react with lime liberated from hydration of OPC. This improves morphology and microstructure of formed hydration products. OPC cement was partially substituted by 0, 5, 15, 25 and 35 wt.% H. Cement pastes were subjected to firing for 3 hours at temperatures 100, 200, 300 400, 500 and 600°C. Results showed that loss on ignition of various cement pastes increased with temperature as well as with H. Density decreased with temperature up to 400°C, while porosity increased, Above 400°C, density increased and porosity decreased. Compressive strength of OPC pastes increased with temperature up to 500°C and then decreased. Those incorporated H increased only up to 400°C and then decreased. Hardened cement pastes with 15% H recorded highest compressive strength value at 400°C while the OPC at 500°C. SEM images showed a microstructure of well-developed crystals of CSH and CAH. Ca(OH)2 are spreading in matrix at temperatures up to 400°C. There are some cracks at 600°C.
Homra, Pozzolanic, Temperature, Density, Porosity, Strength, Microstructure, SEM
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Hassan Hassanien Mohamed Darweesh, Firing Resistance of Ordinary Portland Cement Pastes Incorporated a Waste of Building Bricks, American Journal of Chemical Engineering. Vol. 5, No. 6, 2017, pp. 140-146. doi: 10.11648/j.ajche.20170506.14
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This article is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License ( which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.
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