Optimum and Comparison of Theoretical & Experimental Results of an Industrial Secondary Reformer Reactor in Basra Fertilizers Plant at Different Operation Plant Efficiencies
American Journal of Chemical Engineering
Volume 1, Issue 1, May 2013, Pages: 17-23
Received: May 7, 2013;
Published: Jun. 30, 2013
Views 3861 Downloads 212
Ali Ashour AL-Dhfeery, Department of Chemical Engineering, Basra University, Basra 42001, Iraq
Ala'a Abdulrazaq Jassem, Department of Chemical Engineering, Basra University, Basra 42001, Iraq
Follow on us
This study aims to evaluation the optimum performance of industrial Secondary Reformer reactor in the State Company of Fertilizers South Region in the Basra/Iraq relative to Different Operation Plant Efficiencies of ammonia plant at 100%, 70% and 65% through study the effect of different molar flowrates of air. The effect of air molar flowrates on the cooling water around the Secondary Reformer reactor have been described in this study. The analysis feed Process Gases compositions to the industrial Secondary Reformer reactor in the laboratory is used as data in the mathematical model then comprised these results with the values of industrial Reformat Gases which are tested in laboratory too. The optimum molar flow rate of air is specified at different efficiencies of Ammonia plant 100%,70% and 65%. The Secondary Reformer consists of two sections, the combustion and catalyst which is filled with nickel-containing reforming catalyst. It is placed after the primary reformer in ammonia plant at fertilizer plant. The Secondary Reformer reactor is used to produce Reformat Gases which are consisted from synthesis gas (Hydrogen and Carbon Monoxide) to Nitrogen mole ratio of 3 to 1. Finally, the optimum results of air molar flowrates at operation efficiency 100%, 70% and 65% found 1750.50, 1224 and 1136 Kmol/hr respectively.
Mathematical Model and Simulation, Autothermal Reforming Reactions, Catalyst , Hydrogen Production
To cite this article
Ali Ashour AL-Dhfeery,
Ala'a Abdulrazaq Jassem,
Optimum and Comparison of Theoretical & Experimental Results of an Industrial Secondary Reformer Reactor in Basra Fertilizers Plant at Different Operation Plant Efficiencies, American Journal of Chemical Engineering.
Vol. 1, No. 1,
2013, pp. 17-23.
A. A. AL-Dhfeery and A. A. Jassem, "Modeling and Simulation of an Industrial Secondary Reformer Reactor in the Fertilizer Plants," International Journal of Industrial Chemistry (IJIC), Vol. 3, (2012). doi:10.1186/2228-5547-3-14
A.A.AL-Dhfeery and A.A.Jassem, "Evaluation Performance of Different Types Catalysts of an Industrial Secondary Reformer Reactor in the Ammonia Plants," Modern Research in Catalysis, Vol. 1, No. 3, P: 43-51, (2012). doi: 10.4236/mrc.2012.13006
M.I.Shukri, A.R.Songip, A.Ahmad and N.S.Nasri, "Simulation Study of Methane Autothermal Reforming for Hydrogen Production" Advanced in fuel cell research and development (Malysia), P: 149-158, (2004).
D.L.Hoang and S.H.Chan, "Modeling of a Catalytic Autothermal Methane Reformer for Fuel Cell Applications", Applied Catalysis J., Vol.268, P: 207- 216, (2004).
Y.H.Yu, "Simulation of Secondary Reformer in Industrial Ammonia Plant", Chem. Eng. Tech. J., Vol.25, P: 307-314, (2002).
Documents of State Company of Fertilizer South Region (S.C.F.S.R. ).
A. A. AL-Dhfeery and A. A. Jassem, " Study of Chemical Reactions Effect on the Design and the Performance of an Industrial Secondary Reformer Reactor in the Fertilizers Plants", International Journal of Applied Sciences and Engineering Research (IJASER), Vol. 2, No. 1, P: 60-69, (2013).
J.M.Smith "Chemical Engineering Kinetics", Chemical Engineering Series, (1970).