Phytoremediation of Contaminated Soils from Challawa Industrial Estate, Kano-Nigeria
Science Journal of Analytical Chemistry
Volume 4, Issue 5, September 2016, Pages: 59-65
Received: Aug. 22, 2016; Accepted: Sep. 5, 2016; Published: Sep. 22, 2016
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Authors
U. Abdullahi, Department of Pure and Industrial Chemistry, Faculty of Natural and Applied Sciences, Umaru Musa Yar’Adua University, Katsina-Nigeria
A. A. Audu, Department of Pure and Industrial Chemistry, Faculty of Natural and Applied Sciences, Umaru Musa Yar’Adua University, Katsina-Nigeria
Kalimullah, Department of Biological Sciences, Faculty of Natural and Applied Sciences, Umaru Musa Yar’Adua University, Katsina-Nigeria
L. Shuaibu, Department of Pure and Industrial Chemistry, Faculty of Science, Federal University Birnin Kebbi, Kebbi-Nigeria
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Abstract
Field studies to examine the phytoremediation potential of some plants for metals (Cd, Cr, Cu, Fe, Mn, Ni, Pb and Zn) in metals contaminated soils of Challawa industrial estate, Kano has been carried out. A total of one hundred and eighty (180) samples comprising of 80 (soils), 20 (effluents), and 80 (plant parts) of Jatropha (Jatropha curcas), Neem (Azadirachta indica) and Baobab (Adansonia digitata) were analyzed. 0.50g of the plant tissue and 1.0g of soil sample and 50mL of the effluent sample were digested using triacid digestion method and the levels of the metals were determined by the use of atomic absorption spectrophotometry. The mean levels of the metals in plants and soils from contaminated and control sites were found to be in the sequence of Fe (406.27±45.93)> Zn (137.20±8.00)> Cu (118.60±0.00)> Cd (62.57±6.86)> Mn (21.53±1.79)> Ni (14.36±2.22)> Cr (13.73±1.79)> Pb (12.80±0.00) and Fe (130.23±18.01)> Zn (65.36±4.90)> Cu (26.22±5.50)> Cd (23.08±2.43)> Ni (5.70±0.00)> Mn (4.86±2.21)> Cr (4.80±2.10)> Pb (3.03±1.50) respectively. The contamination factor (CF) of all the metals in the plants were found to be in the sequence of Cd (8.45±1.42)> Cu (2.52±1.00)> Cr (2.28±0.00)> Zn (1.80±1.19)> Fe (1.56±0.00)> Pb (1.49±0.11)> Mn (1.09±0.18)> Ni (1.00±0.06). The results showed that these plants can be used for the phytoextraction of the metals from contaminated soils. The values of bioaccumulation and translocation factors were also found to be more than one in almost all cases. From these results it could be recommended that the three plants investigated would be ideal for phytoremediation in multi-metal contaminated soils.
Keywords
Phytoremediation, Contamination Factor, Bioaccumulation Factor, Translocation Factor, Heavy Metals, Contaminated Soils
To cite this article
U. Abdullahi, A. A. Audu, Kalimullah, L. Shuaibu, Phytoremediation of Contaminated Soils from Challawa Industrial Estate, Kano-Nigeria, Science Journal of Analytical Chemistry. Vol. 4, No. 5, 2016, pp. 59-65. doi: 10.11648/j.sjac.20160405.11
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Copyright © 2016 Authors retain the copyright of this article.
This article is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/) which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.
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