Concentration of Heavy Metals in Waste Ashes from Five Sections of a Major Incineration Ground at Maikunkele, Minna, Niger State, Nigeria
Science Journal of Analytical Chemistry
Volume 3, Issue 4, July 2015, Pages: 39-42
Received: Jun. 2, 2015;
Accepted: Jul. 7, 2015;
Published: Jul. 17, 2015
Views 3204 Downloads 63
Shaba Elijah Yanda, Department of Chemistry, Federal University of Technology, Minna, Nigeria
Mathew John Tsado, Department of Chemistry, Federal University of Technology, Minna, Nigeria
Tsado Amos Ndarubu, Department of Basic and Applied Sciences, Niger State Polytechnic, Zungeru, Nigeria
Mba Reginald Chukwuma, Department of Chemistry, Federal University of Technology, Minna, Nigeria
This research investigates the concentrations of some trace metals present in waste ashes collected from five different sections of a major incineration ground at Maikunkele, Minna, Niger State, Nigeria. Waste ash samples from the sites were collected and prepared using standard analytical procedures and analytical grade reagents were used for digestion. An atomic absorption spectrophotometer (AAS) was used for the analysis of the trace metal (Zn, Cu, Pb, Cd and Ni) content of the samples. The mean concentrations of trace metal in the ash samples differed significantly amongst sites which ranged from 34.1-104.4µg/g (Pb), 2.9-7.9µg/g (Cd), 94.6-206.7µg/g (Cu), 49.7-87.0µg/g (Ni) and 590.1-2622.0µg/g (Zn). These mean concentrations were found to exceed critical level for agricultural use at site 1 (Cd and Zn), site 2 (Cd and Zn), site 3 (Ni and Zn), site 4 (Cd, Cu, Ni and Zn) and site 5 (Cd, Cu, Ni and Zn). Further research is thus required to determine the plant-availability of these metals in the ash and to assess the wider environmental and health implications of open burning of waste as a means of producing ash for agricultural purposes.
Shaba Elijah Yanda,
Mathew John Tsado,
Tsado Amos Ndarubu,
Mba Reginald Chukwuma,
Concentration of Heavy Metals in Waste Ashes from Five Sections of a Major Incineration Ground at Maikunkele, Minna, Niger State, Nigeria, Science Journal of Analytical Chemistry.
Vol. 3, No. 4,
2015, pp. 39-42.
Adjia, R., Fezen, W.M.L., Tchatchueng, J.B., Sorho, S., Echevaria, G., Ngassoum, M. B.(2008). Long term effect of municipal solid waste amendment on soil heavy metal content of sites used for peri-urban agriculture in Ngaoundere, Cameroon. 1991-637X.
AOAC (Association of Official Analytical Chemicals) (2006) Official Method of Analysis of the AOAC (W. Horwitz Editor Eighteen Edition, Washington; D. C., AOAC.
Barrett, A., Lawlor, J. (1995) The economics of waste management in Ireland. Economic and Social Research Institute, Dublin. 129pp
Chander K, Brookes PC (1993). Residual effects of zinc, copper and nickel in sewage sludge onmicrobial biomass in a sandy loam. Soil. Biol. Biochem. 25: 587-97.
Leton, TG; Omotosho, O (2004). Landfill operations in the Niger delta region of Nigeria. Engineering Geology 73(1-2): 171-177.
Onibokun, AG. and Kumuyi, AJ (1996).Urban poverty in Nigeria: towards sustainable strategies for its alleviation. Centre for African Settlement Studies and Development, Ibadan, Nigeria. CASSAD Monograph Series 10. pp. 1-2.
Resource Conservation and Recovery Act [RCRA], (2001). RCRA Solid waste programs, (n.d.). Retrieved September 15, 2007, fromwww.epa.gov/epaoswer/hotline/training/swprg.pdf.
James, S.L., Hoffman, G., Hoffman, J.G., Fasching J.L. and James, G. (1990). Sources of petroleum hydrocarbons in uban rnoff. Wayer, Air and Soil Pollut., 52: 1-22.
Sally W, (2000). Contrl of Municipal Solid Wastes. Oxford Univer. Press, Oxford 6th eds. 642.
Ogundiran O. O. and Afolabi, T. A. (2008). Int. J. Environ. Sci. Tech., 5 (2), 243-250.
Elsokkary, I.H. and Lag, J. (1980). Status of some trace elements in Egyption soils and in wheat grains. Beitrage trop. Landwirtsch. Veterinarmed. 18:35-47.
Alloway, B.J. (1990). Heavy Metals in Soils, John Wiley and Sons, Glasgow: Blackie, 339.
Elsokkary, I.H. (1996). Synopsis of contamination of agricultural ecosystem by trace elements: An Emerging environmental problem. Egypt. J. Soil Sci., 36: 1-22.
Greenland, D.J. and Hayes, M.H.B. (1981). The Chemistry of soil processes. John Wiley and Sons Ltd., 593-619.
Singh, B. R., Steinnes, E., LaI I.R. and Stevart, B. (1994).Soil processes and water quality, Lewis Publishers, Chelea, Mich, PP: 233-271.
Chrysanthus, C.S.R., 1996. Evaluating baseline data for trace elements pH, organic matter content and bulk density in agricultural Soils in Nigeria. Water, Air and Soil Pollut., 86:13-34.
Oresanya O (1998). Waste Control Measures and Responsibility of a Waste Manager within the Framework of Recent Management Methods and Development in Municipal and Industrial Wastes. Paper presented at the Workshop on Effective Waste Management in Nigeria Organized by the Nigerian Society of Engineers, Lagos. April.
Taylor, R and Allen, A.R. (2006). “Waste disposal and landfill: Information needs” In: Schmoll, O., Howard, G., Chilton, J., Chorus, I (eds). Protecting groundwater for health: Managing the quality of drinking water sources, WHO Drinking Water Quality series Monograph, IWA publishing.
Geoffrey, IN (2005). The urban informal sector in Nigeria: towards economic development, Environmental health and social harmony. Global Urban Development Magazine 1(1) 5-10.
Wei JB, Herbell JD, Zhang S (1997). Solid Waste Disposal in China – Situation, Problems and Suggestions. Waste Management & Research, p. 15, pp. 573-583.