Integration of Physical, Chemical and Biological Methods for the Treatment of Palm Oil Mill Effluent
Science Journal of Analytical Chemistry
Volume 2, Issue 2, March 2014, Pages: 7-10
Received: Apr. 7, 2014; Accepted: May 6, 2014; Published: May 20, 2014
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Authors
Oyakhilome Gloria Irenosen, Department of Chemistry, Ekiti State University, Ado-Ekiti, Nigeria
Adefemi Samuel Oluyemi, Department of Chemistry, Ekiti State University, Ado-Ekiti, Nigeria
Akinola Olufemi Korede, Department of Civil Engineering, University of Ibadan, Ibadan, Nigeria
Asaolu Sunday Samuel, Department of Chemistry, Ekiti State University, Ado-Ekiti, Nigeria
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Abstract
Physico-chemical properties of Palm oil mill effluent (POME) were reduced by integrating physical, chemical and biological treatments to produce high quality effluent that can be discharged into the environment without causing any trepidation. This treatment technique recorded significant percentage reduction at each stage in all the measured parameters and the percentage reduction of all the measured parameters increased from stage1 to stage 4 except nitrate-nitrogen concentration that decreased from stage 3 to stage 4. The average values of Temp (0oC), TS, BOD, COD, NO3-N, Cl, K, Zn, Fe, Ca, Mg in mg/L of the raw POME are 36.00, 84.34, 72.10, 96.66, 32.34, 120.00, 14.45, 8.14, 68.80, 13.30 and 12.43 while the percentage reduction values at the last stage of treatment are18.6%, 91.7%, 93.3%, 89.3%, 85.8%, 82.5%, 77.9%, 77.3%, 94.3%, 90.8% and 85.9% respectively. At the end of the analysis, the concentrations of the parameters after treatment were in conformity with the minimum acceptable standards of FEPA and WHO.
Keywords
POME, Biological, Chemical, Percentage Reduction, Quality, Treatment
To cite this article
Oyakhilome Gloria Irenosen, Adefemi Samuel Oluyemi, Akinola Olufemi Korede, Asaolu Sunday Samuel, Integration of Physical, Chemical and Biological Methods for the Treatment of Palm Oil Mill Effluent, Science Journal of Analytical Chemistry. Vol. 2, No. 2, 2014, pp. 7-10. doi: 10.11648/j.sjac.20140202.11
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