Effect of Dietary Habits and Socio-economic Status on Menstrual Disorders among Young Females
American Journal of BioScience
Volume 4, Issue 3-1, May 2016, Pages: 19-22
Received: Mar. 26, 2016; Accepted: Jun. 1, 2016; Published: Jun. 30, 2016
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Authors
Jasjit Kaur Randhawa, Department of Zoology, Khalsa College, Amritsar, India
Kapila Mahajan, Department of Zoology, Khalsa College, Amritsar, India
Manbir Kaur, Department of Mathematics, Khalsa College for Women, Amritsar, India
Arti Gupta, Department of Zoology, Khalsa College, Amritsar, India
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Abstract
Menstruation is very important phase of reproductive cycle which involves many hormonal changes. Hormone production is known to be affected by diet. Poor nutrition in female diet can affect menstrual cycle and lead to menstrual disorders and pre-menstrual syndrome (PMS). A cross-sectional study was undertaken to analyze the association of dietary habits and socio-economic status with menstrual disorders among the college going and young working females of Amritsar, Punjab, India during the month of Jan-March 2013. Students who did not attain menarche; were suffering from any chronic health condition or using any medicines for long duration (more than a month) were excluded from the study. A total of 100 females were selected, among 300 surveyed, for this study and each student was given a questionnaire to complete. Majority of the females (87%) belong to middle socio-economic status, having higher prevalence of menstrual disorders due to sedentary lifestyle and western dietary habits. Greater prevalence of menstrual disorders was observed in vegetarian women as compared to non-vegetarian women except for dysmenorrhea. Prevalence of menorrhagia was higher (56.25% vs. 32.69%) in women not taking salad daily while percentages of menorrhagia (44.68% vs. 43.40%) as well as oligomenorrhea (46.81% vs. 45.28%) were found higher in women not eating fruits daily. 93% respondents took junk food and a positive association was observed between consumption of junk food and menstrual disorders.
Keywords
Menstrual Disorders, Nutritional Status, Menorrhagia, Dysmenorrhea, Oligomenorrhea, Pre-menstrual Syndrome
To cite this article
Jasjit Kaur Randhawa, Kapila Mahajan, Manbir Kaur, Arti Gupta, Effect of Dietary Habits and Socio-economic Status on Menstrual Disorders among Young Females, American Journal of BioScience. Special Issue: Recent Trends in Experimental Toxicology. Vol. 4, No. 3-1, 2016, pp. 19-22. doi: 10.11648/j.ajbio.s.2016040301.14
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Copyright © 2016 Authors retain the copyright of this article.
This article is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/) which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.
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