High Performance Thin Layer Chromatography Analysis of Bioactive Components from Curcuma longa; an Anti-Microbially Effective Medicinal Spice
American Journal of BioScience
Volume 3, Issue 1-1, February 2015, Pages: 1-6
Received: Jan. 5, 2015; Accepted: Jan. 8, 2015; Published: Jan. 14, 2015
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Author
Kurhekar Jaya Vikas, Department of Microbiology, Bharati Vidyapeeth’s, Dr. Patangrao Kadam Mahavidyalaya, Sangli, Maharashtra, India
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Abstract
Curcuma longa - haladi, a plant grown as a spice is an entity known to have significant antimicrobial potency. This study was carried out to analyze its bio-active components, with the help of High Performance Thin Layer Chromatography (HPTLC). Anti-microbial effects of C. longa were checked using aqueous and acetone extracts, against a few bacterial pathogens causing common infections. The aqueous extract was found effective in inhibiting the growth of eight pathogens (64% efficiency) while the acetone extract in inhibiting the growth of three pathogens (21% efficiency). Flavonoid analysis of aqueous extract by HPTLC showed peaks probably corresponding to Coumarins, Triterpenoids, Echinacosides, Eriodictyl, Cichoric acid and Caffeic acid derivatives, responsible for its anti-microbial activities. This natural bio resource may prove to be of significance in the armamentarium of antimicrobial agents.
Keywords
Curcuma longa, Antimicrobial Activity, Bio-Active Components, MIC, HPTLC
To cite this article
Kurhekar Jaya Vikas, High Performance Thin Layer Chromatography Analysis of Bioactive Components from Curcuma longa; an Anti-Microbially Effective Medicinal Spice, American Journal of BioScience. Special Issue: Pharmacognosy with Reference to Evaluation of Medicinal Plants as an Alternative Therapy. Vol. 3, No. 1-1, 2015, pp. 1-6. doi: 10.11648/j.ajbio.s.2015030101.11
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