Morphological and Genetic Variation of Thrips parvispinus (Thysanoptera: Thripidae) in Chili Plantation (Capsicum annuum L.) in the Lowland and Highland of Jambi Province, Indonesia
American Journal of BioScience
Volume 2, Issue 6-1, November 2014, Pages: 17-21
Received: May 30, 2014;
Accepted: Jul. 18, 2014;
Published: Aug. 8, 2014
Views 3887 Downloads 109
Asni Johari, Graduate School of Science Education, Jambi University, Jl. Raden Mattaher No. 16 Jambi
Siti Herlinda, Department of Plant Pests and Diseases, Faculty of Agriculture, Sriwijaya University, Jl. Raya Palembang- Prabumulih Km 32, Ogan Ilir, Indralaya 30662
Yulia Pujiastuti, Department of Plant Pests and Diseases, Faculty of Agriculture, Sriwijaya University, Jl. Raya Palembang- Prabumulih Km 32, Ogan Ilir, Indralaya 30662
Chandra Irsan, Department of Plant Pests and Diseases, Faculty of Agriculture, Sriwijaya University, Jl. Raya Palembang- Prabumulih Km 32, Ogan Ilir, Indralaya 30662
Dewi Sartiami, Laboratory of Biosystematics, Plant Protection Department, Bogor Agricultural University, Jl. Meranti, Campus IPB, Bogor 16680
Follow on us
Thrips parvispinus Karny (Thysanoptera: Thripidae) are dangerous pests for chili (Capsicum annuum L.). Thrips can be found in lowland to highland. The damage caused by thrips can reach 60% and this damage will be greater if the thrips also be vectors of plant virus diseases. The research aims to analyze morphological and genetic variation of T. parvispinus located in the lowlands and in the highlands of Jambi province, Indonesia. T. parvispinus were collected in 2012 from chili plantation in 19 villages spread over 5 districts in the lowlands and 26 villages spread over 2 districts in the highlands. The results showed that T. parvispinus were found at each research site. The size and color of the body T. parvispinus have variations with long, medium and short criteria. Variation in body size of T. parvispinus in lowland: length of 1.42 ± 0.065 mm, medium 1.32 ± 1.15 mm and short 0.122± 0.051 mm. Variation in body size of T. parvispinus in the highlands: length of 1.46 ± 0.035, medium of 1.35 ± 0.051 and short of 1.22 ± 0.089. T. parvispinus with long body size and dark brown color predominantly are found in all survey sites, is 80.53% in the lowlands and 75.91% in the highlands. The results also showed that the insects having different body sizes belong to the same T. parvispinus species.
T. parvispinus, Morphology, Color, DNA
To cite this article
Morphological and Genetic Variation of Thrips parvispinus (Thysanoptera: Thripidae) in Chili Plantation (Capsicum annuum L.) in the Lowland and Highland of Jambi Province, Indonesia, American Journal of BioScience. Special Issue: Chemical Biology.
Vol. 2, No. 6-1,
2014, pp. 17-21.
Berger D, Walters R, Gotthard K. 2008. What limits insect fecundity? Body size-and temperature-dependent egg maturation and oviposition in a butterfly. Functional Ecology 22:523-529.
Hills DM, Dixon T. 1991. Ribosomal DNA: Molecular evolution and phylogenetic interference. The Quaterly review of biology 66: 411–453.
Khan I. Din S, Khalil SK, Rafi MA. 2006. Survey of predatory coccinellids (Coleoptera:Coccinellidae) in the Chitral, District, Pakistan. Journal of Insect Science 7(7):13-21
Lewis T. 1997. Trips as Crop Pests. CAB International. International University Press. p. 15-65.
Marullo R. and L Mound. 2002. Trips and Tospovirus. Proceedings of the international symposium on Thysanoptera.Australian national insect collection. Canberra. p.391
Moritz G. D Morris, and L Mound. 2001. Trips ID. Pest Trips of the world. An interactive identification and information system. CSIRO Publishing Canberra.
Mound L. 2006. Thysanoptera Biology and Identification. CSIRO Entomology Canberra Australia
Mound LA & Kibby G. 1998. Thysanoptera. An Identification Guide. CSIRO Entomology, Canberra Australia; Natural Hystory Museum, London, UK. CAB International
Mound LA, Collins DW. 2000. A Southeast Asian pest species newly recorded from Europe: Thrips parvispinus (Thysanoptera:Thripidae), its confused identity and potential quarantine significance. Eur J Entomol 97:197-200
Murai T. and Satoshi Toda. 2002. Variation of Trips tabaci in colour and size. Trips and Tospoviruses. Proc. Of the 7 th International Simposium on Thysanoptera.
Palmer JM, L Mound and GJ du Heaume. 1989. CIE guides to insect of importance to man 2. Thysanoptera. C.R. Betts. CAB International Inst. British Museum Natural History p.72
Prabaningrum L, dan Yayuk R, Suhardjono. 2007. Identifikasi spesies trips (Thysanoptera) pada tanaman paprika (Capsicum annuum var. Grossum) di Kabupaten Jawa Barat. Jurnal Hortikultura 17 (3) p. 270-276
Sastrosiswojo S. 1991. Trips on vegetables in Indonesia. In: N.S. Talekar. Trips in Southeast Asia. Proc. Regional Consultation Workshop Bangkok, Thailand, 13 March 1991. AVRDC, Taiwan, ROC. p 12-17.
Stansfield W, Colome JS, Cano RJ. 2003. Schaums’s Easy Outlines Molecular and Cell Biology. McGraw-Hills.
Talekar NS. 1991. Trips in Southeast Asia. Proc. Regional Consultation Workshop Bangkok, Thailand, 13 March 1991. AVRDC, Taiwan, ROC. p 61-67.
Ullman DE, German TL, Sherwood JL & Westcot DM. 1995. Trips transmission of tospoviruses: Future possibilities for management. In B.L. Parker, M. Skinner and T. Lewis.Trips Biology and Management. p. 3-16. NATO ASI Series. Series A: Life Sciences Vol 276. Plenum Press, New York.
Vos JGM, S Sastrosiswojo, TS Uhan, dan Setiawati. 1991. Trips on hot pepper in Java, Indonesia. In: N.S. Talekar. Trips in Southeast Asia. P.18-28. Proc. Regional consultation workshop. Bangkok, Thailand, 13 March 1991. AVRDC, Taiwan, ROC.
Vos JGM. 1994. Integrated Crop Management of Hot Pepper (Capsicum spp.) In Tropical Lowlands. Wageningen Agricultural University, The Netherlands. p 188.