American Journal of BioScience
Volume 8, Issue 4, July 2020, Pages: 113-122
Received: May 11, 2020;
Accepted: Jun. 3, 2020;
Published: Jul. 28, 2020
Views 95 Downloads 51
Gezahegn Assefa, Oromia Agricultural Research Institute, Mechara Agricultural Research Center, Horticulture and Spice Research Team, Mechara, Ethiopia
Sintayehu Girma, Oromia Agricultural Research Institute, Mechara Agricultural Research Center, Horticulture and Spice Research Team, Mechara, Ethiopia
Dereje Deresa, Oromia Agricultural Research Institute, Mechara Agricultural Research Center, Horticulture and Spice Research Team, Mechara, Ethiopia
Hot Pepper is an important food and cash crop in eastern Ethiopia including Daro labu and Boke Districts of West Hararghe Zone. A field experiment was conducted in Daro labu and Boke Districts, under rainfed during 2016-2017 cropping season, with the objectives of to determine the influence of NP fertilizers rates and method of planting on the yield and yield components of hot pepper and to estimate the cost-benefit of application fertilize rates and planting method in hot pepper production. Mareko fana variety, which is the dominant hot pepper variety produced in the area was used as planting material for the study, The treatments consisted of five combined rates of Nitrogen and phosphorus (0/0, 41/46, 61/69, 82/92 and 102/115 kg level of N/P2O5 ha-1) and three methods of planting (broadcasting, drilling and transplanting method) were used. The experiment was laid out as a randomized complete block design in a 5 x 3 factorial arrangement and replicated three times. From the combined analysis of variance over the location, the result revealed that the two main factors fertilizer rates and planting method had a significant effect on all traits, except that fertilizer and planting method had a non-significant effect on fruit diameter, from interaction effect of fertilizer rates and planting methods, the highest mean of plant height (64.24cm), canopy diameter (44.15cm) and fruit number (26.70) per plant were obtained from 102/115kg N/P ha-1 in combined with drilling planting method. The highest fruit length (9.33cm), diameter (3.92), weight (2.82 gm), marketable (2.05t/ha) and total yield (2.26 t/ha) were recorded from plots that received 102/115 kg N/P ha-1 fertilizers combined with drilling planting method, while the lowest dry pod yield (0.55t/ha) was obtained from plot received control 0/0 kg NP ha-1 combined with transplanting method. While the highest unmarketable fruit yield (0.42 t/ha) was recorded from control (0/0) with the broadcasting method. Moreover, Partial budget analysis result has shown that application of 102/115 kg N/P ha-1 fertilizer rate with combined with drilling planting method was found to be economically viable with net income 71572.25 of Birr ha-1 with 265.28% marginal rate of return was obtained from the application of 102/115 kg N/P ha-1 fertilizer rate combined with drilling sowing method. Therefore, it could be recommended for the production of hot pepper crops in the study area and similar agro ecology.
Response of Hot Pepper (Capsicum annuum L.) as Affected by NP Fertilizer and Planting Method on Yield and Yield Related Traits in West Hararghe Zone, Eastern Ethiopia, American Journal of BioScience.
Vol. 8, No. 4,
2020, pp. 113-122.
Rodriguez, Yaritza & Depestre, Tomas & Gomez, Olimpia. 2008. The efficiency of selection in pepper lines (Capsicum annuum), from four sub-populations, in characters of productive interest. Ciencia e Investigacion Agraria. 35. 29-40.
Terry Berke and Subodh Joshi. 2005. Perspectives of Bell Pepper Breeding, Journal of New Seeds, 6: 2-3, 51-74, DOI: 10.1300/J153v06n02_04.
Purseglove J. W., E. G. Brown, C. I., GREEN AND S. R. I. Robbins, 1981. Spices. 1 (1). LongmanInc. New York. 365p.
Khan, M. S. & Raj, S K. 2006. The first report of molecular detection of an Aster yellows phytoplasma (‘Candidatus Phytoplasma asteris’) isolates infecting chilli (Capsicum annuum) in India. Plant Pathology. 55. 822-822. 10.1111/j.1365-3059.2006.01482.
Ahmed, J., U. S. Shivhare and G. S. V. Raghavan, 2000. Rheological characteristics and kinetics of colour degradations of green chilli puree. Journal of Food Engineering, 44: 239-244.
MARC (Melkasa Agricultural Research Center). 2004. Progress report, Addis Ababa, Ethiopia.
CSA (Central Statistical Agency Ethiopia). 2018. Report on area and production of major crops. Agricultural sample survey. Addis Ababa Statistical Bulletin, 1 (584), 14-68.
FAOSTAT (Food and Agriculture Organization). 2017. Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations, for a world without hunger. Rome, Italy. http://faostat.fao.org /site/567/.
USAID (the United States on America Aid). 2013. From Sample Blended Fertilizers to Ample Yields. In: ethioagp.org/from-sample-blended-fertilizers-to-ample-yields.
Mulat Demeke, Kelly, V, Jayne, T. S, Ali, S. Le, Vallee, J. C. and Chen, H. 1998. Agricultural market performance and determinants of fertiliser use in Ethiopia. pp. 1-69. Working paper 10. Grain market research project. Ministry of Economic Development and Cooperation, Addis Ababa, Ethiopia.
Haverkort, A. J., Van Koesveld, M. J, Schepers, H. T. A. M, Wijnands, J. H. M, Wustman, R. and Zhang, X. X. 2012. Potato prospects for Ethiopia: on the road to value addition (No. 528). PPO AGV.
Girma, T., Lidet, S., Damtrew, M., Daniel, B. 2001. Berber production in Ethiopia Grant, P. O. 1970. Restoration of productivity of depleted sands. Ardisia Agriculture. J. 67: 131-137.
Tibebu S and Bizuayehu T. 2014. Growth and productivity of hot pepper (Capsicum annuum l.) as affected by variety, nitrogen and phosphorous at Jinka, Southern Ethiopia, Research Journal of Agriculture and Environmental Management. Vol. 3 (9), pp. 427-433.
Kassa Melese. 2015. Seed multiplication and dry pod yield performance evaluation of improved pepper varieties in Northern Ethiopia, in case of central Tigray. International Journal of African and Asian Studies. 16: 2409-6938.
Anonymous. 2012. hot pepper production manual for extension worker report.
Kinde L, Asfaw Z. 2016. Effect of spacing and fertilizer dose on growth and yield of potato (Solanum tuberosum L) Gudane variety at West Hararghe, Eastern Ethiopia. International Journal of Horticulture and Ornamental Plants 2 (1): 011-018.
ATA (Agricultural Transformation Agency). 2016. Transforming the use of fertilizer in Ethiopia: Launching the national fertilizer blending program, Addis Ababa.
Daro labu woreda agricultural office, annual report, 2008, Annual report.
Boke woreda agricultural and natural resource office, 2009, Annual report.
EARO (Ethiopian Agricultural Research Organization). 2004. Directory of Released Crop Varieties & Their Recommended Cultural Practices. Addis Ababa. 28-29p.
CIMMYT. 1988. from agronomic data to farmer recommendations: An economics training manual. Retrieved from bitstream/handle/10883/830/ 13803.
USDA (United States Department of agriculture). 1987. Textural soil classification study guide. National Employee Development Staff. Soil Conservation Service, United States Department of Agriculture, Washington DC, USA.
USDA (United State Department of Agriculture). 2015. Natural resources conservation service, examination and description of soil profiles. Online at: https://www.nrcs.usda.gov/wps/portal/nrcs/detail/soils/ref/?cid=nrcs142p2-054253. [Accessed 13 August 2019.
Tekalign Mamo, Tekalign Tadese and Aduayi E. A. 1991. Soil, plant, water, fertilizer, animal manure and compost analysis manual. Plant Science Division Working Document 13, ILCA, Addis Ababa, Ethiopia.
Fageria, N. K, Baligar V. C, and Jones C. A. 2011. Growth and Mineral Nutrition of Field Crops. 3rd Edition. Taylor & Francis Group, NY, pp 530.
Murphy, H. F. 1968. A Report on Fertility Status and Other Data on Some Soils of Ethiopia. Experimental Station Bulletin No. 44. College of Agriculture Dire Dawa, Ethiopia. 551 p.
Cotienie, A. 1980: Soil and plant testing as a base of fertilizer recommendation. FAO Soils BuH. 38 (2).
Israel Zewide, Ali Mohammed and Solomon Tulu. 2012. Effect of Different Rates of Nitrogen and Phosphorus on Yield and Yield Components of Potato (Solanum tuberosum L.) at Masha District, Southwestern Ethiopia. International Journal of Soil Science, DOI: 10.3923/ijar.2016.95.104.
Hintsa Meresa, Fantaye Belay and Atsbha Gebreslasie. 2017. Evaluation of NPS Fertilizer on Yield and Economic Performance of New Variety of Hot Pepper (Capsicum Annum L) in Tanqua Abergelle, Central Tigray, Ethiopia. Int. J. of Life Science, 7 (2).
Kassa Melese, Wassu Mohammed and Gebre Hadgu. 2018. Response of Hot Pepper (Capsicum annuum L.) as Affected by NP Fertilizer and Farmyard Manure Combined Application in Raya Azebo District, Northern Ethiopia. Int. J. of. Life Sciences, Volume 6 (4): 831-848.
El-Tohamy WA, Ghoname AA and Abou-Hussein SD. 2006. Improvement of pepper growth and productivity in sandy soil by different fertilization treatments under protected cultivation. Journal of Applied Science Research, 2: 8-12.
Ayodele O. J, Alabi E. O, Aluko M. 2015. Nitrogen Fertilizer Effects on Growth, Yield and Chemical Composition of Hot Pepper (Rodo). International Journal of Agriculture and Crop Sciences.
Addisalem Mebratu. 2011. Response of pepper (Capsicum annuum L.) to the application of nitrogen and potassium fertilizers at Agarfa, South Eastern highland of Ethiopia. MSc Thesis, Haramaya University, Haramaya, Ethiopia.
Russo, V. M. 2003. Planting date and plant density affect fruit seed of Jalapeno peppers. Journal of Horticulture Science, 38: 520-523.
Adugna Z. (2008). Effects of Seed Priming, Planting Method and Fertilizers on Yield and Yield Components of Fresh Hot Pepper (Capsicum annuum L.) in North-west Ethiopia. MSc Thesis Presented to the School of Graduate Studies of Haramaya University. 74pp.
Leghari GM and Oad FC. 2005. The effect of nitrogen fertilizer regimes on the growth and yield of pepper. Indus Journal of Plant Science, 4 (3): 386-390.
Adisalem Mebratu, Nugusie Dechassa, Kebede and Weldetsadik. 2014. Effect of Inorganic Fertilizers on Yield and Physical Quality Parameters of Hot Pepper (Capsicum annuum L.) in South-Eastern Ethiopia. Journal of Plant and Pest Science. 1 (3): 138-145.
Nimona F and Girma A. 2018. Effects of blended fertilizer types and rates on fruit yield and nutrient use efficiencies of hot pepper (Capsicum annuum L.) at Asossa, Western Ethiopia. African Journal of Agricultural Research. Vol. 14 (33), pp. 1737-1748.
Hedge DM. 1997. Nutrition requirement of solanaceous Vegetable crops, All India Coordinated Safflowers Improvement Project. Solapur, Maharashtra, India. In: Food and Fertilizer Technology centre. Taipie, 10616 Taiwan, R. O. C. www.agent.org/.
Baghour, M., E. Sanchez, J. M. Ruiz, and L. Romero. 2001. Metabolism and efficiency of phosphorus utilization during senescence in pepper plants: Response to Nitrogenous and Potassium fertilization. Journal of Plant Nutrition, 24 (11), 1731-1743.