Prevalence Frequency of ABO and Rhesus Blood Groups in Human in District Rahim Yar Khan, Pakistan
American Journal of BioScience
Volume 3, Issue 4, July 2015, Pages: 141-144
Received: May 25, 2015;
Accepted: Jun. 27, 2015;
Published: Jul. 8, 2015
Views 3878 Downloads 97
Saghir Ahmad, Institute of Pure and Applied Biology, Bahauddin Zakariya University, Multan (Pakistan)
Many diseases and genetic disorders are associated with ABO and Rh systems of blood antigens. This study was conducted to determine the frequency of ABO and Rhesus (Rh) blood groups in District Rahim Yar Khan, Pakistan so that the results could be used for further application. A total of 9891 subjects including patients and healthy individual were sampled only belonging to District Rahim Yar Khan during this study. The ABO and Rh blood grouping were carried out by tile method using commercially available anti sera and subsequently the frequency of each blood type was computed. Out of 9891subjects 7451 were male, while 2440 were female. In both genders the prevalence frequency of ABO, association between ABO and Rhesus blood grouping systems was computed and analyzed. The brought out the conclusion that blood group B is at the highest frequency level among both the genders with an overall higher to lower order B (37.41%), O (33.95%), A (20.97%), and AB (7.65%). The blood group B was also at the highest frequency in Rh+ve as well as Rh-ve in male subjects. However, in female subjects the blood group O (33%) was at the highest frequency in Rh+ve and blood group A was at peak in Rh-ve .
Prevalence Frequency of ABO and Rhesus Blood Groups in Human in District Rahim Yar Khan, Pakistan, American Journal of BioScience.
Vol. 3, No. 4,
2015, pp. 141-144.
N.D. Avent, M.E. Reid. The Rh-blood group system: a review. Blood, 2000; 95: 375-387.
T.F. Frances. Blood groups (ABO groups). In: Common Laboratory and Diagnostic Tests. Lippincott. Philadelphia Press, 2002; Ed. 3rd .pp: 19-5.
M. Rahman, Y. Lodhi. Frequency of ABO and Rhesus blood groups in blood donors in Punjab. Pak. J. Med. Sci. 2004; 20: 315-8.
I.D. Khattak, T.M. Khan, P. Khan, S.M.A. Shah, S.T. Khattak, A. Ali. Frequency of ABO and Rhesus blood groups in District Swat, Pakistan. 2008; J. Ayub. Med. Coll. 20: 4.
A.V. Hoffbrand, J.E. Pettit. Blood Transfusion: In Essential Haematology. Black. Well. Sci. Publi. 2006; Ed. 5th. pp: 307-9.
B. Khurshid, M. Naz, M. Hassan, S.F. Mabood. Frequency of ABO and Rh (D) blood groups in district Sawabi NWFP Pakistan. J. Sci. Tech. Univ. Peshawar. 1992; 16: 5-6.
J. O'Donnell, M.A. Laffan. The relationship between ABO histo-blood group, factor VIII and von Willebrand factor. Transfus. Med. 2001; 11: 343-51.
M. Alam. ABO and Rhesus blood groups in potential blood donors at Skardu (Northern Areas). Pak. J. Pathol. 2005; 16: 94-7.
M.S. Khan, F. Subhan, F. Tahir, B.M. Kazi, A.S. Dil, S. Sultan, F. Deepa, F. Khan, M.A. Sheikh. Prevalence of blood groups and Rh factor in Bannu region, NWFP (Pakistan). Pak. J. Med. Res. 2004; 43: 8-10.
P.L. Mollison, C.P. Engelfriet, M. Conteras. The Rh Blood Group System. In: Blood Transfusion in Clinical Medicine, 9th Edition. Oxford: Black well Scientific Publication. 1993; pp: 2008-9.
A., Mian, A. Farooq. Distribution of ABO and Rh blood group alleles in different population of Southern Punjab. Pak. Anthropl. Anz. Man. 1999; 57: 33-9.
M.N. Khan, I. Khaliq, A. Bakhsh, M.S. Akhtar, M. Amin-ud-Din. Distribution of ABO and Rh D Blood Groups in the Population of Poonch District, Azad Jammu and Kashmir. Eastern. Mediterranean. Hlth. J. 2009; 15: 3.
H. Amjad, H. Wajahat, A. Janbaz, R. Rabbi, A.Q. Javed. Prevalence of phenotypes and Genes of ABO and Rhesus (Rh) blood groups in Faisalabad, Pakistan. Pak. J. Biol. Sci. 2002; 5: 722-4.
A. Hussain, S.A. Shiekh, M. Haider, T. Rasheed, M.R. Malik. Frequency of ABO and Rh blood groups in population of Balouchistan (Pakistan). Pak. Armed. Forces. Med. J. 2001; 51: 22-6.
D.K. Khaskheli, A.H. Qureshi, A.A. Akhund. Distribution of ABO and Rh groups in the residents of Sindh. Pak. J. Hlth. 1994; 31: 45-50.
M.A. Khaliq, J.A. Khan, H. Shah, S.P. Khan. Frequency of ABO and Rh (D) blood group in Hazara division (Abbottabad). Pak. J. Med. Res. 1984; 23: 102-3.
T. Majeed, A. Hayee. Prevalence of ABO blood group and sub groups in Lahore, Punjab (Pakistan). Biomedica. 2002; 18: 11-5.
R. Bhatti, D.M. Shiekh. Variations of ABO Blood groups. Gene Frequencies in Population of Sindh, (Pakistan). Ann. King. Ed. Med. Coll. 1999; 5: 328-31.
P.K. Das, S.C. Nair, V.K. Harris, D. Rose, J. Mammen, Y.N. Bose. Distribution of ABO and Rh-D Blood Groups Among Blood Donor in a Tertiary Care Centre in South India. Trop. Doct. 2001; 31: 47-8.
M. Marzban, M.S. Kamali, T. Hosseinbasi. Blood Groups of the People of Ahwaz. Iran. Anthropol. Anz. 1998; 46: 8-9.
P.L. Mollison, C.P.,Engelfriet. ABO, Lewis, Ii and P Groups. In: Blood Transfusion in Clinical Medicine, 9th Edition. Oxford: Blackwell. Sci. Publi. 1993; pp: 150-1.
V.V. Tomilan, S.W. Gurtovaia. The incidence of finding ABO system antigens in the population of the Russian Federation. Sud. Med. Ekspert. 1999; 42: 16-8.
L.A. Bashwari, A.A. Al-Mulhim, M.S. Ahmad, M.A. Ahmed. Frequency of ABO blood groups in Eastern region of Saudi Arabia. Saudi. Med. J. 2001; 22: 1008-12.