Amino Acid Composition in the Muscles of Male and Female Commercially Important Crustaceans from Egyptian and Saudi Arabia Coasts
American Journal of BioScience
Volume 2, Issue 2, March 2014, Pages: 70-78
Received: Mar. 1, 2014; Accepted: Apr. 8, 2014; Published: Apr. 10, 2014
Views 2532      Downloads 231
Hala Ali Abdel-Salam, Department of Zoology, Faculty of Science, Cairo University, Egypt
Article Tools
Follow on us
Seafood products have attracted considerable attention as important sources of nutrients in the human diet. Apart from their delicacy, crustaceans species such as shrimps and crabs consist of protein and amino acids. The present study was conducted to evaluate flesh of both sexes of mantis shrimp, shrimp and crab species with the emphasis on protein and amino acids composition. The results showed that significant differences in protein and amino acid contents were found between sex of each species and among studied crustacean species. Furthermore, the highest protein percentage was recorded in edible muscles of males mantis shrimp (Erugosquilla. Massavensis) followed by crab species (Portunus pelagicus) and shrimp species (Peaneus semisulcatus, Metapenaeus monoceros and Peaneus indicus). Sixteen amino acids have been determined in edible portions of studied crustaceans, among these, nine essential amino acids were histidine, arginine, methionine, leucine isoleucine, lysine, threonine, valine and phenylalanine and seven non- essential amino acids were alanine, glycine, proline, tyrosine, serine, aspartic acid and glutamic acid. The quantities of amino acids vary considerably within and between species as well as between sexes. The edible muscles of studied crustaceans are enriched in amino acids that in turn open the door to carry out further studies on the mode of action, characterization of the active components and the antioxidant properties of marine crustaceans which may be used in the future as a specific health foods (functional supplements).
Protein, Amino Acid Analysis, Muscles, Crustaceans Species
To cite this article
Hala Ali Abdel-Salam, Amino Acid Composition in the Muscles of Male and Female Commercially Important Crustaceans from Egyptian and Saudi Arabia Coasts, American Journal of BioScience. Vol. 2, No. 2, 2014, pp. 70-78. doi: 10.11648/j.ajbio.20140202.19
H.A., Tag El Din, M. M. ,Habashy and H. H., Sultan, “Residues ues of some heavy metals and hormones in fresh water prawn (Macrobrac uhium rosenbergi and marine shrimp Penaeus semisulcatus with reference to the nutritive value”. World J. ZOO.4(3):205-215, 2009.
P. Sriket, S Benjakul, W .Visessanguan, and Kijroongrojan K., Comparative studies on 476 “chemical composition and thermal properties of black tiger shrimp (Penaeus monodon) 477 and white shrimp (Penaeus vannamei) meats”, Food Chem.103:1199-1207, 2007.
M., Okuzumi, and T. Fujii, “Nutritional and functional properties of squid and cuttlefish”. National Cooperative Association of Squid Processors, California. Pp 223, 2000.
M. Sudhakar, K. Manivannan and P. Soundrapandian, Nutritive value of hard and soft shell crabs of Portunus sanguinolentus (Herbst) ”. Int. J. Anim. Veter. Adv., 1(2): 44-48, 2009
J.S., Diana, “An experimental analysis of the metabolic rate and food utilization of northern pike”. Comp. Biochem. Toxicol., 59, 989-993, 1982.
P., Anilkumar, and, G. Meenaksh, Ascorbate, “Effect on Proteinontent during nickel intoxication in the freshwater bivalve”. Lamellidens corrianus. Biosci.Discov. 3(2): 270 -274, 2012.
E, Schoffeniesls and R., Giles, “Nitrogenous constituents and nitrogen metabolism in arthropods”. In chemical Zoology, M., Fokin and B. T., Scheer (Eds). Academic press, New York, pp 199-277,1970b
R.E., Weber and W.J.A, Van Marrewik, “Free amino acids and isosmotic intracellular regulation intracellular regulation in shrimp Crangon crangon. Life Sci, 11:589-595, 1972.
EB, Babsky, BI, Khodorov, GI, Kositsky, AA Zubkov, In Babsky, E. B. (Ed.), “Human Physiology, Mir Publishers, Moscow, 1989.
W. K. A., Van marrewijk and H.L., Ravestein, “Amino acid metabolism of Astacus leptodactylus esch-I compostion of the free and protein –bound amino acids in different organs of the crayfish”. Comp-Biocchem. Physiol, 47:531-542,1974.
Anaya, J.P and S.D., Aneiello, “Free amino acids in the nervous system of amphioxus Branchiostoma lanceolatum. Int. J. Biol. Sci, 2:87:92,2006.
R.S.,Sankar and A.yogamoorthi, Free amino acid composition in haemolymph and muscles of the ghost crab Ocypoda platytarsis. Pakistan J.BIOL. SCI, 15(10) 490-495,2012.
R., Paulraj, and S. M. Sridhar. Essential amino acid and fatty acids requirements of fish and crustaceans acid Course manual on advance in fish and crustaceans and aqua feed biotechnology”, CMFRI, Kochi, 2001.
J.F., Gerad and R.Gilles, “The free amino acid pool in Callznecetes sapzdus tissues and its role in the osmotic intracellular regulation”. J. Exp. Mar. Biol. Ecol., 10:125-136,1972.
M. Sudhakar, K. Manivannan and P. Soundrapandian, “Nutritive value of hard and soft shell crabs of Portunus sanguinolentus (Herbst)”. Inter. J. Animal and Veterin. Advan 1(2): 44-48, 2009
Y C, Chen, J , Tou, J, Jaczynski, “Amino acid and mineral composition of protein and other components and their recovery yields from whole Antarctic krill (Euphausia superba) using isoelectric solubilization/precipitation”. J. Food Sci., 74(2): 31-39 , 2009.
Thirunavukkarasu, N., “Biology, nutritional evaluation and utilization of mud crab Scylla tranquebarica (Fabricius, 1798) ”. Ph.D. Thesis Annamalai University, India, pp: 126, 2005.
L.D. Ngoan, J.E. Lindberg, B. Ogle, and S. Thomke, “Anatomical proportions and chemical and amino acid composition of common shrimp species in Central Vietnam”. J. Anim. Sci. 13: 1422-1428, 2000.
S. Bhavan, Saravana,,S, Radhakrishnan,S., Shanthi, R. and Poongodi, R., “Proximate composition and profiles of amino cids and fatty Acids in the muscle of adult males and females of commercially viable prawn species Macrobrachium rosenbergii collected from natural culture environments”. Inter. J. Biolog., 2( 2) :107-119, 2010
S. A. H ., Hamdi, “Muscle and exoskeleton extracts analysis of both fresh and marine crustaceans P. clarki and E. massavensis”. African” J. Pharm. 5(13):1589-1597, 2011.
H.A., Abdel-Salam, “Evaluation of nutritional quality of commercially cultured Indian white shrimp Penaeus indicus”. Inter. J. Nutr. and Food Sci.; 2(4): 160-166, 2013.
B, Gunalan, S., Nina Tabitha, P., Soundarapandian. and Anand, T., “Nutritive value of cultured white leg shrimp Litopenaeus vannamei”. Int. J. Fish. Aquaculture, Vol. 5(7), pp. 166-171, 2013.
O.H., Lawery, W.H., Daughaday, N.J, Rosebroughady, and, W.S., Field, “Determination of cerebral protein using Folinphenol reagent”. J. lab. Clin Med.,39: 663-665, 1952.
MD Gaithersburg, “Official methods of analysis of aoac international, USA”. Official method pp.982.930, (Modified). 17th Ed., 2000.
Bello-Olusoji,. A.M. Balogun, O.A. Fagbenro, and N. Ugbaja, “Food and feeding studies of the African river prawn. In: Proceedings of Fish and Shellfish Larviculture Symposium. Lavens P., Japan E. and Roelants, I. (Eds.) ”. Europ. Aquac. Soc., Special Publication. 24: 425-427, 1995.
H.M., Mona, S.N., Geasa, Sharshar, and M.K. M. E. Morsy, “Chemical composition of freshwater crayfish Erugosquilla massavensis and its nutritive values. Egypt”. J . aquatic. Biol. fish.,4(1):19-34, 2002.
H.A .,Abdel-Salam, and A.H. S, Hamdi, “Bio chemical compositions and heavy metals accumulation capacity of the of the marine mantis shrimp Erugosquilla massavensis”. Soc. ZOO., 61:199-214, 2011.
W.S., Sallam, T. A ., Temraz,. and , H. R., Gabar, “Biochemical compositions and heavy metals accumulation in some commercial crustaceans from the Mediterranean coast off Port Said , Egypt”. J. Egypt. Ger. Soc. Zool. 51 D: 127-14 , 2006.
SR, Fahmy, SAH, Hamdi, HA, Abdel-Salam, “Curative effect of dietary freshwater and marine crustacean extracts of carbon tetrachloride-induced nephrotoxicity”. Aust. J. Basic. Appl. Sci., 3(3): 2118-2129, 2009.
SR, Fahmy, Hamdi SAH., “Curative effect of the Egyptian marine Erugosquilla massavensis extract on carbon tetrachloride-induced oxidative stress in rat liver and erythrocytes”. Eur. Rev. Med. Pharmacol. Sci., 15(3): 303-312, 2011a.
L.S., Fang, Tang, C.K, Lee, D.L., and Chen, I.M., “Free amino acid composition in muscle and hemolymph of the prawn Penaeus monodon in different salinities”. Nippon Suisan Gakkaishi, 58, 1095-1102, 1992.
F.A.R., Ehigiator and E.A., Oterai,., “Chemical Composition & Amino Acid Profile of a Caridean Prawn (Macrobra chium vollenhoveanil) from Ovia river and tropical periwinkle (Tympanonus fusctus) from Benin river”. Edo state , Nigeria.”. IJRRAS, 11 (1):162-166, 2012.
R.P, Wilson, Amino acids and Protein”. In J.E. Halver, R.W. Hardy (Eds.), “Fish Nutrition”. (pp143-179). Academic Press, San Diego. CA, USA., 2002.
H., Abe, H., and S., Ohmama, “Effect of starvation, and seawater acclimation on the concentration and free L-histidine and related dipeptides in the muscle of eel, rainbow trout and Japanese dace”. Comp. Biochem. Physiol, 88B, 507-511, 1987.
D., ,Maitraie, D., C.F. Hung, H.Y. Tu, Y.T. Liou, B.L. Wei, S.C. Yang, J.P. Wang, C.N. Lin, “Synthesis, anti-inflammatory, and antioxidant activities of 18beta-glycyrrhetinic acid derivatives as chemical mediators and xanthine oxidase inhibitors”. Bioorg Med Chem., 17(7): 2785-92, Epub., 2009.
H., A, Hiraishi, S., Terano, ,H., Ota,. T., Mutoh, Sugimoto, T. Harada, M., K.J., Razandi, Ivey, “Protection of cultured rat gastric cells against oxidant-induced damage by exogenous glutathion”. Gastroenterology, 106(5): 1199-207, 1994
T.C., Peng, Y.M. Subeq, C.J. Lee, C.C. Lee, C.J. Tsai, F.M. Chang, R.P. Lee, “Freshwater clam extract ameliorates acute liver injury induced by hemorrhage in rats”. Am J Chin Med., 36(6): 1121-33, 2008.
C.V., Anuradha, and S. Vijayalakshmi, “The effect of L-cysteine on tissue lipid peroxidation and antioxidants in experimental ethanol toxicity”. Med. Sci. Res., 23: 699-702, 1995.
Z.E Sikorski, A Kolakkowska,.and B.S Pan, “The nutritive composition of the major groups of marine food organisms. In: Sikorski, Z.E (Eds). Seafood Resources, Nutritional composition and preservation”. CRC. Press Florida, Pp 29-54, 1990.
Iwasaki M., Harada R., “Proximate and amino acid composition of the roe and muscle of selected marine species”. J. Food Sci., 50, 1585–1587, 1985.
Science Publishing Group
1 Rockefeller Plaza,
10th and 11th Floors,
New York, NY 10020
Tel: (001)347-983-5186