The Effects of Physiochemical Parameters on Planktonic Species Population of Keenjhar Lake, District Thatta, Sindh, Pakistan
American Journal of BioScience
Volume 2, Issue 2, March 2014, Pages: 38-44
Received: Nov. 19, 2013; Published: Mar. 10, 2014
Views 3073      Downloads 194
Authors
Khalid H. Lashari, Department of Fresh Water Biology and Fisheries, University of Sindh, Jamshoro-76080, Pakistan
S. Habib Naqvi, Institute of Biotechnology & Genetic Engineering, University of Sindh, Jamshoro-76080, Pakistan
Zameer A. Palh, Department of Fresh Water Biology and Fisheries, University of Sindh, Jamshoro-76080, Pakistan
Zulfiqar A. Laghari, Department of Physiology, University of Sindh, Jamshoro-76080, Pakistan
Abdul Aziz Mastoi, Centre for Environmental Sciences, University of Sindh, Jamshoro-76080, Pakistan
Gulshan Ara Sahato, Department of Fresh Water Biology and Fisheries, University of Sindh, Jamshoro-76080, Pakistan
G. M. Mastoi, Centre for Environmental Sciences, University of Sindh, Jamshoro-76080, Pakistan
Article Tools
PDF
Follow on us
Abstract
The significance of Keenjhar Lake is due to irrigation, wild life sanctuary and supply of drinking water to the local population at vicinity. The objective of present studies was organized to explore the primary productivity and physicochemical properties of Keenjhar Lake. In present study 210 planktonic species were identified they belongs to 11 classes and 85 genera. Out of them 173 species were phytoplanktonic, 83 Cyanophyceae, 57 Chlorophyceae, 24 Bacillariophyceae, 5 Euglenophyceae, 2 species of Dinophyceae and 1 specie belonged to each Xanthophyceae and Chrysophyceae respectively. Whilst, a part of them 37 species were belonged to zooplankton comprising 15 species each of Cladocera and Rotifera, 4 species of Ostracoda and 3 species of Copepoda. The physicochemical properties such as (temperature, alkalinity, dissolved oxygen, electrical conductivity, total dissolved solids, and pH) were recorded from keenjhar lake district, Thatta, Sindh, Pakistan, range between 33.1-18.5°C, 223-170 mg L-1, 9.6-6.9 mg L-1, 512-350 µS cm-1, 410-270 mg L-1, and 8.9-7.6 respectively on monthly basis. The physicochemical properties of Keenjhar Lake were suitable for growth of aquatic biota.
Keywords
Keenjhar Lake, Planktons and Physicochemical Parameters
To cite this article
Khalid H. Lashari, S. Habib Naqvi, Zameer A. Palh, Zulfiqar A. Laghari, Abdul Aziz Mastoi, Gulshan Ara Sahato, G. M. Mastoi, The Effects of Physiochemical Parameters on Planktonic Species Population of Keenjhar Lake, District Thatta, Sindh, Pakistan, American Journal of BioScience. Vol. 2, No. 2, 2014, pp. 38-44. doi: 10.11648/j.ajbio.20140202.13
References
[1]
Abdo, M. H., (2005). Physico–chemical characteristics of Abu Za’ baal ponds, Egypt. Egyptian J. Aquatic Res., 31(2): 1–15.
[2]
LS, Clesceri;AE Greenberg;AD Eaton (1998) Standard Methods for the Examination of Water and Waste water. American Public Health Association (APHA), 20th edition, Washington D.C.
[3]
Baquai, I.U., Perwaiz, A.S. and Iqbal, M. (1974b). Limnological studies of Haleji Lake. Agri. Pakistan. 25(4): 321-344.
[4]
Blatter, E., Mc. Cann, C. and Sabnus, T.S. (1929). The flora of Indus delta. Ind. Bot. Soc. Methodist. Pub. House, Madras, 173.-178
[5]
Depauw, N., (1981). Use of production of micro algae as food for nursery bivalve. In. Claus C. (Eds.), Proc. Int. work shop on nursery culturing of bivalve molluscs. University of Chent Belgium, 35–63.
[6]
Desikachary, T.V. (1959). Cyanophyta. Publisher Indian Council of Agricultural Research. New Delhi.
[7]
Framan, M.A.H. (1981). Standard Methods for the Analysis of Water and Waste water. 20th edition. American Public Health Association (APHA), Washington, DC.
[8]
Ganpati, S. V. and Pathak C. H., (1969). Primary productivity in the Sayaji Sarovar (a manmade lake) at Baroda. In seminar on the ecology and Fisheries of reservoir. ICAR at CIFRI Barrackpore, 27–29.
[9]
Gerletti, M., (1968). Dark bottle measurements in primary productivity studies. Mem. Inst. Ital Idrobiol, 23:197–208.
[10]
Gonzalves, E. A. and Joshi, D. B. (1946). Fresh Water algae near Bombay (The seasonal succession of the algae in a tank at Bandra). J. Bombay Nat. Hist. Soc. 46(1): 152-179 +8 pls.
[11]
Hussain, F., Anjum G., Zaidi M.I. and Faridi M.A.. (1984). Fresh water algae of Hanna Urak Valley Quetta. Pak. J. Bot., 16 (1): 81- 84.
[12]
Horn, A.J. and Goldman C.R.. (1994). Limnology. Mc Graw- Hill. Publishing. New York.
[13]
Iqbal, M. and Bari, G. A., (1975). Preliminary observation on seasonal abundance of Cladocera genera in Keenjhar Lake with notes on phytoplankton production. Agriculture Pakistan. 26 (2): 251–257.
[14]
Jahangir, T. M., Khuhawar, M. Y., Leghari, S. M., Baloch, W. A., Leghari, A. A., and Leghari, A., (2000). Some studies on water quality and biological life at Keenjhar and Haleji Lakes of District Thatta, Sindh, Pakistan. Pak. J. Biol. Sci. 3: 1965–1972.
[15]
Kamran, T., Muhammad, A., A. Salam, M. Latif and T. Zahra, (2003). Study of the seasonal variation in the physico-chemical and biological aspects of Indus River Pakistan. Pak. J. Biol. Sci. 6 (21): 1795–1801.
[16]
Khatoon, U., (1994). To study seasonal variation and the effect of some chemical constituents on species composition of algal flora in the water supplies of Karachi city and its surroundings. Thesis for Ph. D. Department of Botany, University of Sindh. Jamshoro, Pakistan
[17]
Korai, A. L., Sahato, G. A., Lashari, K. H. and Arbani S. N. (2008). Biodiversity in relation to physicochemical properties of Keenjhar Lake, Thatta district, Sindh, Pakistan. Turk. J. Fish. Aquatic Sci., 8: 259-268.
[18]
Korai, A. L., Lashari, K. H., Sahato, G. A. and Kazi, T. G. (2010). Histological lesions in gills of feral Cyprinids, related to uptake of waterborne toxicants from Keenjhar Lake. Rev. Fisher. Sci., 18(2): 157-176.
[19]
Lashari, K. H. (2002). Ecological studies of Plankton of Keenjhar Lake, district Thatta, Sindh, Pakistan. M. Phil. dissertation, Department of Fresh Water Biology and Fisheries, University of Sindh, Jamshoro, Pakistan
[20]
Lashari, K. H., Sahato, G. A., Korai, A. L. and Kazi, T. G. (2008). Taxonomic study of Chroocophyceae (Cyanophyta) in Keenjhar Lake, Dist: Thatta, Sindh, Pakistan. Res. J. Fisher. Hydrobiol., 3(1):11-21.
[21]
Lashari, K. H., Korai, A. L., Sahato, G. A. and Kazi, T. G. (2009). Limnological studies of Keenjhar Lake, District, Thatta, Sindh, Pakistan. Pak. J. Anal. Environ. Chem. 10(1-2): 39-47.
[22]
Lashari, K. H., Sahato, G. A., Korai, A. L., S. Habib Naqvi, Palh, Z. A. and Urooj, N. (2012). Heavy metals burden of Keenjhar Lake, District Thatta, Sindh, Pakistan. Afri. J. Biotech. 11(59): 12305-12313,
[23]
Leghari, M. K., Sultana, K. and Bano, T., (1991). Taxonomical studies under Noviculates, Malka Parbat Kaghan (Part–I) Biologia. 37 (2): 9–12.
[24]
Leghari, M. K. and Sultana, K., (1992). Blue- Green algal flora of Keenjhar Lake, Sindh, Pakistan. Cryptogamic flora of Pakistan. National Science Museum Tokyo. 1: 69–73.
[25]
Leghari, S.M., Leghari, M.Y., Mahar, M.A., Khuhawar, M.Y. and Jahangir T.M. (2006). Limnological study of Hanna Lake and Urak spring of Quetta, Baluchistan. Pak. Int. J. Phycochem., 2 (1): 33-38.
[26]
Mehwish, H. and Aliya R., (2005). Occurrence of fresh water algae in different localities of Karachi University. Int. J. Phycol. Phycochem. 1 (2):117–124.
[27]
Muhammad A., Salam A., Jamshaid S. and Zahra T., (2003). Studies on biodiversity in relation to seasonal variation in water of River Indus at Ghazi Ghatt, Punjab, Pakistan. Pak. J. Biol. Sci. 6 (21): 1840–1844.
[28]
Naila, B., Ghazala B., Shameel M., Choudhry M. I. and Leghari S. M., (2005). Phycochemistry and Bio activity of Lyngbya (Nostocophyceae Shameel) from Sindh. Int. J. Phycol. Phycochem. 1(2): 125–134.
[29]
Nazneen, S. (1980). Influence of hydro biological factors on the seasonal abundance of phytoplankton in Keenjhar Lake. Int Review Res. Hydrobiology, 65(2): 269-282.
[30]
Prescott, G.W. (1962). Algae of the Western Great lakes Area. Brown Company publishers Dubuque, Lowa..Book
[31]
Porter, K. G. (1977). The plant animal interface in fresh water ecosystem. Am. Sci. 65: 59–70.
[32]
Reynolds, C. S., (1984). The ecology of fresh water phytoplankton. Cambridge University Press Cambridge.
[33]
Reynolds, C. S., (1988). Functional morphology and the adaptive strategies of fresh water phytoplankton. In C. D. Sandgrain (ed.) Growth and reproductive strategies of fresh water phytoplankton. Cambridge University Press Cambridge. : 388–430…..
[34]
Sahato, G. A. and Arbani, S. N. (1997). Quantitative distribution and percentage density of planktonic algae of fish hatchery ponds at Chillia district Thatta, Sindh, Pakistan. Sindh. Univ. Res. Jour (Sci. Ser.), 29(1): 127-135.
[35]
Sahato, G. A. and Lashari, K. H., (2005). Studies on the causative genera of phytoplankton blooms forming species in fresh hatchery ponds at Chillia District Thatta Sindh. J. Sc. and Tech. Univ. Peshawar. 29 (1): 35–39.
[36]
Shameel, M., (2001). An approach to the classification of algae in the new millennium. Pak. J. Mar. Biol. 7: 233–250.
[37]
Sufi, S.M.K. (1957). Fish fauna of the Keenjhar Lake with an account of the major fishing implements employed by local fisher man. Agri. Pakistan, 8 (3): 208-229.
[38]
Ward, H.B. and G.C. Whipple. (1959). Fresh Water Biology. 2nd Ed. Publisher; John Willey and Sons. Inc. New York.
[39]
Welch, P.S. (1984). Limnological Method Mc Graw Hill Book Company Inc. London. : 101- 297……
ADDRESS
Science Publishing Group
1 Rockefeller Plaza,
10th and 11th Floors,
New York, NY 10020
U.S.A.
Tel: (001)347-983-5186