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Statistical Evaluation of Indicators of Diagnostic Test Performance
American Journal of BioScience
Volume 1, Issue 4, November 2013, Pages: 63-73
Received: Oct. 21, 2013; Published: Nov. 20, 2013
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Authors
Okeh UM, Department of Industrial Mathematics and Applied Statistics, Ebonyi State University Abakaliki, Nigeria
Ogbonna LN, Department of Industrial Mathematics and Applied Statistics, Ebonyi State University Abakaliki, Nigeria
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Abstract
Diagnostic accuracy relates to the ability of a test to discriminate between the target condition and health. This discriminative potential can be quantified by the measures of diagnostic accuracy such as sensitivity and specificity, predictive values, likelihood ratios, error rates, the area under the ROC curve, Youden's index and diagnostic odds ratio. Different measures of diagnostic accuracy relate to the different aspects of diagnostic procedure: while some measures are used to assess the discriminative property of the test, others are used to assess its predictive ability. Measures of diagnostic accuracy are not fixed indicators of a test performance, some are very sensitive to the disease prevalence, while others to the spectrum and definition of the disease. Furthermore, measures of diagnostic accuracy are extremely sensitive to the design of the study. Studies not meeting strict methodological standards usually over- or under-estimate the indicators of test performance as well as they limit the applicability of the results of the study. STARD initiative was a very important step toward the improvement of the quality of reporting of studies of diagnostic accuracy. STARD statement should be included into the Instructions to authors by scientific journals and authors should be encouraged to use the checklist whenever reporting their studies on diagnostic accuracy. Such efforts could make a substantial difference in the quality of reporting of studies of diagnostic accuracy and serve to provide the best possible evidence to the best for the patient care. This brief review outlines some basic definitions, formulas and characteristics of the measures of diagnostic accuracy.
Keywords
Diagnostic Accuracy, Sensitivity, Specificity, Likelihood Ratio, DOR, AUC, Predictive Values
To cite this article
Okeh UM, Ogbonna LN, Statistical Evaluation of Indicators of Diagnostic Test Performance, American Journal of BioScience. Vol. 1, No. 4, 2013, pp. 63-73. doi: 10.11648/j.ajbio.20130104.13
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