American Journal of Agriculture and Forestry
Volume 5, Issue 1, January 2017, Pages: 12-15
Received: Feb. 17, 2017;
Accepted: Feb. 25, 2017;
Published: Mar. 14, 2017
Views 2101 Downloads 115
Nitin Kulkarni, Forest Entomology Division, Tropical Forest Research Institute, Jabalpur (M. P.), India
Sanjay Dattatray Paunikar, Forest Entomology Division, Tropical Forest Research Institute, Jabalpur (M. P.), India
Efficacy of five commercial modern biopesticidal formulations was evaluated against the penultimate instar larvae of E. machaeralis in field-cum-lab experiments. These were; plant derived product (Ozomite® @ 0.0025% to 0.02%), Beauveria bassiana with combinations of other entomopathogenic fungi (Bioseal plus® @ 0.05% to 0.30%, i.e., 5x105 to 3.0x106 spores/ ml) and Metarhizium anisopliae with combinations of other entomopathogenic fungi (Biomet plus® @ 0.05% to 0.30%, i.e., 5x105 to 3.0x106 spores / ml), Actinomycete product (Spinosad) 45%EC (Conserve® @ 0.005% to 0.10%), botanicals with Bacillus thuringiensis (AgropestBt® @ 0.01% to 0.05%) apart from water spray as control. The plant derived commercial formulation (Ozomite®) (with 94.44% mortality at 0.01%), Actinomycete product (Conserve®) (with 100% mortality at 0.05%) and botanicals with Bt (AgropestBt®) (with 77.78% mortality at 0.05%) proved promising against the Eutectona machaeralis larvae. The plant derived commercial formulation (Ozomite®) was the most effective, followed by Actinomycete product (Conserve).
Sanjay Dattatray Paunikar,
Evaluation of Some Biopesticidal Formulations Against Teak (Tectona grandis Linn. f.) Skeletonizer, Eutectona machaeralis Walker (Lepidoptera: Pyralidae) in India, American Journal of Agriculture and Forestry.
Vol. 5, No. 1,
2017, pp. 12-15.
Dhaliwal, G. S., Koul, O. (2007). Biopesticide and Pest Management: Conventional and Biotechnological Approaches, Kalyani Publishers, New Delhi. 455p.
Beeson, C. F. C. (1941). The Ecology and control of the Forest Insects of India and Neighbouring Countries. Vasant Press, Dehra Dun. 1007p.
Kulkarni, N. (2014). Status of potential of biocontrol component for integrated management of forest insect pests in India. In: Biopesticides in Sustainable Agriculture (Eds.: O. Koul, G. S. Dhaliwal, S. Khokar and R. Singh); Progress and Potential, Science Publisher, New Delhi (India). pp. 389-419.
Sambaraju, K., DesRochers, P., Rioux, D., Boulanger, Y., Kulkarni, N., Verma, R. K., Pautasso, M., Pureswaran, D., Martel, V., Hebert, C., Cusson, M. and Delisle, J. (2016). Forest ecosystem health and biotic disturbances: perspectives on indicators and management approaches. Pp.460-502. In: Ecological Forest Management Handbook (Ed. Larocque, G. R.), CRC Press, Boca Raton, 589p.
Nair, K. S. S., Sudheendrakumar, V. V., Varma, R. V., Chako, K. C. and Jayaraman, K. (1996). Effect of defoliation by Hyblaea puera and Eutectona machaeralis (Lepidoptera) on volume increment of teak. Proc. IUFRO Symp. On Impact of Diseases and Insect Pests in Tropical Forests, 1996, Pp. 257-273.
Joshi, K. C., Roychoudhury, N. and Sharma, N. (2001). Microbial pesticides for forest insect control. pp. 61-84. In Shukla, P. K. and Joshi, K. C. (Eds.) Recent Trends in Insect Pest Control to Enhance Forest Productivity, Proceedings of a Workshop on Entomology and Biological Control, Sept. 25th, 2000, Tropical Forest Research Institute, Jabalpur.
Kulkarni, N. (2001). Antis-insect bioactivities of some botanicals: their prospects as component of integrated pest control system. In: Shukla, P. K. and Joshi, K. C. (Eds.) Recent Trends in Insect Pest Control to Enhance Forest Productivity, Tropical Forest Research Institute, Jabalpur, pp. 95-137.
Kulkarni, N., Joshi, K. C. and Shukla, P. K. (2004). Integrated Insect Pest Management of forest insect pests. pp. 370-410. In: Gujar, G. T. (Ed.) Contemporary Trends in Insect Science Campus Books, New Delhi, 424p.
Kulkarni N., Paunikar, S., Joshi K. C., Kakkar, A., V. Mishra and V. L. Maheshwari (2009). Antifeedant activity of Annona squamosa against teak (Tectona grandis Linn. f) skeletonizer, Eutectona macheralis Walker (Lepidoptera: Pyraldiae). In: Ecofriendly Insect Management. Pp. 194-199. (Eds. Ignacimuthus, S. and David, B. V.), Elite Publishing House, Pvt. Ltd., New Delhi.
Kulkarni, N., Paunikar, S. and Hussaini, S. S. (2011). Susceptibility of teak skeletonizer, Eutectona machaeralis (Walker) to the EPN, Heterorhabditis indica Poinar. World Journal of Zoology 6(1): 33-39.
Abbott, W. S. (1925). A method of computing the effectiveness of an insecticide. J. Econ. Entomol 18: 265-267.
Gomez, K. A. and Gomez, A. A. (1984). Statistical Procedures for Agricultural Research (2nd ed.), A Wiley-Interscience Publication, John Wiley & Sons, New York, 680pp.
Kulkarni, N., Joshi, K. C. and Meshram, P. B. (1996). Bioactivity of methanolicneem seed extract against the teak leaf skeletonizer, Eutectona machaeralis Walk. (Lepidoptera: Pyralidae). Journal of Environmental Biology, 17(3): 189-195.
Kulkarni, N., Joshi, K. C. and Gupta, B. N. (1997). Antifeedant property of Lantana camara var. aculeate and Aloe vera leaves against teak skeletonizer, Eutectona machaeralis Walk. (Lepidoptera: Pyralidae). Entomon, 22(1): 61- 65.