Prospects and Challenges of Agricultural Mechanization in Oromia Regional State-Ethiopia, Policy Perspectives
American Journal of Agriculture and Forestry
Volume 4, Issue 5, September 2016, Pages: 118-127
Received: Aug. 11, 2016;
Accepted: Aug. 25, 2016;
Published: Sep. 12, 2016
Views 9673 Downloads 324
Tamrat Gebiso Challa, Oromia Agricultural Research Institute, Asella Agricultural Engineering Research Center, Asella, Ethiopia
The use of agricultural mechanization technologies is equally important in boosting agricultural outputs as that of other biological technologies. To realize this number of stakeholders was involved in doing research, multiplication, importing, disseminating technologies and other activities of extension service for farmers whether it is in organized manner or not. Considerable numbers of agricultural mechanization technology types were also introduced from research centers, importers (dealers), NGOs, and government bodies. However, adoption status and associated factors were not studied so far. Therefore, this research was initiated to assess adoption status of technologies and factors that affect the use and to draw some implications for policy, research, and development practitioners for further interventions. Descriptive and inferential statistics were used to summarize qualitative data and the socio-demographic data of the households and logistic regression model was employed to assess factors that determine adoption. Generally, technology utilization status was found to be very poor and different factors like age, education of households, landholding, family size and technology access were the main contributors for the low utilization. Furthermore, low attention given by government bodies was the most critical factor for mal functionality of different actors/ stakeholders in the area.
Tamrat Gebiso Challa,
Prospects and Challenges of Agricultural Mechanization in Oromia Regional State-Ethiopia, Policy Perspectives, American Journal of Agriculture and Forestry.
Vol. 4, No. 5,
2016, pp. 118-127.
Copyright © 2016 Authors retain the copyright of this article.
This article is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/
) which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.
J. O. Olaoye and A. O. Rotimi. “Measurement of Agricultural Mechanization Index and Analysis of Agricultural Productivity of some Farm Settlements in South West, Nigeria”. Agricultural Engineering International: the CIGRE journal. Manuscript 1372. Vol XII, January 2010.
FFTC Annual Report, 2005: International Workshop on Small Farm Mechanization Systems Development, Adoption and Utilization Held at the Oasis Hotel, Los Baños, Laguna, Philippines on June 13-17. “Improving small-farm productivity through appropriate machineries”.
Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations (FAO) Rome, 2006. Farm power and mechanization for small farms in sub-Saharan Africa.
Gebiso T., Boka E., and Fufa D., 2014. Pre-Scaling up of OARI-Asella model-3 Multi Crop Thresher: Lesson learnt from the activity (in pipeline to be published on International Journal of Engineering Research-online).
Guush B., Kalle H. and Bart M., 2016. Agricultural Mechanization in Ethiopia: Evidence from the 2015 Feed the Future survey (Ethiopian Strategy Support Program).
Nwoko, S. G., 1990. Agricultural Mechanization at a Cross Road-in Nigeria. Journal of Agricultural Mechanization in Asia, Africa, and Latin America, A M A 21(3): 78-82.
Hailu Gebremariam, 1992. Availability and Use of Seed in Ethiopia. Addis Ababa: Program Support Unit, Canadian International Development Agency (CIDA).
Ethio-Italian Cooperation Arsi-Bale Development Project, 2002. The Atlas of Arsi.
Aldrich, J. H. and Nelson, F. D., 1984. Linear Probability, Logit and Probit Model: Quantitative Application in the Social Science-Sera Miller McCun. Sage pub. Inc, University of Minnesota and Iola, London.
Gujarati, D. N., 2004. Basic Economics. 4th Edition, McGraw-Hill, Inc., New York.
Alliance for a Green Revolution in Africa (AGRA), 2013. Establishing the status of post-harvest losses and storage for major staple crops in eleven African countries (Phase I). AGRA: Nairobi, Kenya
Tadesse, A., Eticha, F., Adler, C., & Schoeller, M., 2000. Insect pests of farm-stored maize and their management practices in Ethiopia. IOBC WPRS BULLETIN, 23(10), 47-58.
Hassena, M., Regassa Ensermu, W. Mwangi, and H. Verkuijl., 2000. A Comparative Assessment of Combine Harvesting Vis-à-vis Conventional Harvesting and Threshing in Arsi Region, Ethiopia. Mexico, D. F.: International Maize and Wheat Improvement Center (CIMMYT) and Ethiopia Agricultural Research Organization (EARO).
Abera Deresa, 2009. Achievements and challenges in Ethiopian Agriculture. In ILRI (International Livestock Research Institute). 2011. Dialogue on Ethiopian agricultural development held at United Nations Conference Centre, Addis Ababa, Ethiopia, 12 November 2009. Nairobi, Kenya, ILRI.
Derek H., Mekdim D., Jacob R., Anna J., and Alemayehu S., 2013. Land Constraints and Agricultural Intensification in Ethiopia: A Village-Level Analysis of High-Potential Areas.
Challa, T. G. (2014). Tractor Service Price Determinants among Smallholder Farmers in Ethiopia. Open Science Repository Agriculture, Online (open-access), e45011808. doi: 10.7392/openaccess.45011808.