Evaluation of Quality Raw Cashew (Anacardium occidentale L.) Nuts from Major Cashew Producing Regions of Senegal
American Journal of Agriculture and Forestry
Volume 8, Issue 5, September 2020, Pages: 190-197
Received: Jul. 7, 2020; Accepted: Jul. 24, 2020; Published: Sep. 24, 2020
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Authors
Fatou Dieng, Department of Agroforestry, Assane Seck University, Diabir, Ziguinchor, Senegal
Daouda Ngom, Laboratory of Plant Ecology, Faculty of Science and Technology, Cheikh Anta Diop University, Dakar, Senegal
Djiby Dia, Bureau d’Analyses Macro-Economiques, Institut Senegalais de Recherches Agricoles, Bel Air Route des Hydrocarbures, Dakar, Senegal
Mouhamed Rassoul Sy, Bureau d’Analyses Macro-Economiques, Institut Senegalais de Recherches Agricoles, Bel Air Route des Hydrocarbures, Dakar, Senegal
Seydou Ndiaye, Department of Agroforestry, Assane Seck University, Diabir, Ziguinchor, Senegal
Mohamadou Dieye, Bureau d’Analyses Macro-Economiques, Institut Senegalais de Recherches Agricoles, Bel Air Route des Hydrocarbures, Dakar, Senegal
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Abstract
Cashew nuts are one of the main cash crops that compete strongly with groundnuts and cotton in Senegal. However, there is no clear scientific evidence to confirm or refute this argument, so this fact is not widely known. This raises a knowledge gap and justifies the need to analyze the nut quality. Raw cashew nut qualities were evaluated using the Out-turn and Principal Component Analysis (PCA) method. Twelve samples of nuts were taken from producers, processors, buyers, and exporters in the four production regions in Senegal. The main quality criteria studied are: Kernel Output Ratio (KOR), Defect Rate (DR), Kernel Yield (KY) and moisture content. The results showed that the highest KOR was recorded in the nuts sourced from Ziguinchor region (45 ± 6 lbs) while the lowest was noted in nuts from Fatick region (38 ± 9). The KORs for the Kolda (42 ± 8 lbs) and Sedhiou (42 ± 5 lbs) regions are similar. The tests indicated a good quality of Senegalese cashew nuts. The average over the whole sample is 42 ± 9 lbs per 80 kg lot compared to international standards which vary from 40 to 50 lbs per 80 kg lot. Kernel yield is 24% compared to 22% applied by the largest manufacturers in Asian and South American countries. Nut Count is 193 ±40 grains per kilogram compared to 190 grains per kilogram applied by some industrial exporters. The average moisture content is 8%, confirming the international standards. The political implication of these results is that in addition to consolidating the quality of the production, it is essential to emphasize the valorization of the kernel through processing in order to create more added value, employment, and wealth for Senegal.
Keywords
Raw, Cashew Nut, Production, Kernel, Quality, KOR, Senegal
To cite this article
Fatou Dieng, Daouda Ngom, Djiby Dia, Mouhamed Rassoul Sy, Seydou Ndiaye, Mohamadou Dieye, Evaluation of Quality Raw Cashew (Anacardium occidentale L.) Nuts from Major Cashew Producing Regions of Senegal, American Journal of Agriculture and Forestry. Vol. 8, No. 5, 2020, pp. 190-197. doi: 10.11648/j.ajaf.20200805.12
Copyright
Copyright © 2020 Authors retain the copyright of this article.
This article is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/) which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.
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