Association of Aeschynomene histrix with Andropogon gayanus or Panicum maximun: A Comparative Study of Pasture Quality
American Journal of Agriculture and Forestry
Volume 7, Issue 2, March 2019, Pages: 36-43
Received: Sep. 5, 2018; Accepted: Oct. 30, 2018; Published: Apr. 13, 2019
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Yapo Magloire Yapi, Agriculture and Animal Resources Department, Felix Houphouët-Boigny National Polytechnic Institute, Yamoussoukro, Ivory Coast
Moussa Kimse, Animal, Biology and Cytology Laboratory, Training and Research Unit of Nature Sciences, Nangui Abrogoua University, Abidjan, Ivory Coast
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Forage crops are essential for developing ruminant livestock farming. The combination of grasses and legumes in the same pasture provides a forage with more balanced nutritional value which enhances animal performance. In sub-Saharan africa, forage crops are very rarely practiced. The objective of this study was to improve the quality of the forage given to ruminants, by growing together, grasses and legumes in the same pasture. A legume (Aeschynomene histrix) has been studied in association with two grasses (Andropogon gayanus, Panicum maximum). The study was carried out to evaluate the competitiveness of the legume forage according to different grass establishment densities in order to identify the mixture that offers a better compromise between productivity, forage quality and pasture stability. The evolution of the forage biomass and its nutritional value were evaluated over three years. The results obtained shown that the legume grows better in the presence of one of the two grasses studied. The forage from one grass had on average higher energy and nitrogen values that the other. However, the method of mowing used in this study was not sufficient to make a complete judgment on the stability of the two types of associations. The associations studied will have to be grazed by the cattle before concluding definitively.
Aeschynomene Histrix, Andropogon Gayanus, Panicum Maximum, Forage Crops, Pasture, Forage Value
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Yapo Magloire Yapi, Moussa Kimse, Association of Aeschynomene histrix with Andropogon gayanus or Panicum maximun: A Comparative Study of Pasture Quality, American Journal of Agriculture and Forestry. Vol. 7, No. 2, 2019, pp. 36-43. doi: 10.11648/j.ajaf.20190702.11
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