Weed Population Assessment in Wheat at Central Highlands of Ethiopia
American Journal of Agriculture and Forestry
Volume 7, Issue 1, January 2019, Pages: 17-22
Received: Dec. 1, 2018;
Accepted: Jan. 10, 2019;
Published: Feb. 13, 2019
Views 730 Downloads 127
Shugute Addisu, Department of Crop Protection, Ethiopia Institute of Agricultural Research, Debre Zeit Agricultural Research Center, Debre Zeit, Ethiopia
Zahara Mohammed, Department of Crop Protection, Ethiopia Institute of Agricultural Research, Debre Zeit Agricultural Research Center, Debre Zeit, Ethiopia
Gebre Kidan Feleke, Department of Crop Protection, Ethiopia Institute of Agricultural Research, Debre Zeit Agricultural Research Center, Debre Zeit, Ethiopia
Follow on us
Study was conducted on Weed Population Assessment in Wheat at Adea, Gimbichu, Minjar shenkora, Akaki, Boro and Lume Districts in Central Highlands of Ethiopia during, 2014/15 main cropping season to determine the distribution of weed species in wheat growing areas of central highlands of Ethiopia and to record the weed infestation level on wheat crop production. Depending on the area coverage of Wheat in each Districts seven to three kebeles, again in each kebele six to four from Wheat fields samples were taken using 0.5 x 0.5m quderate and GPS instrument. The frequency, abundance and dominance regarding different aspects of weeds were calculated. The result revealed that 45 weed species belonging to 33 families as weeds of wheat for each species was calculated. The 5 major families based on number of taxa were: Poaceae (14), Asteraceae (7), three species each under Polygonaceae and Solanaceae, and Papilionaceae (2), totally they contain 66% of the total weed flora. The most frequent, abundant and dominant weed species were found to be setaria pumila, Plantago lanceolata, Bromus pecpectinatus, Cyperus rotudus, Xanthium strumarium L. and Snowdenia polystachya. Greater than 60% similarity index of weed communities was registered across all locations sampled.
Distribution, Districts, Importance, Weeds, Wheat Field
To cite this article
Gebre Kidan Feleke,
Weed Population Assessment in Wheat at Central Highlands of Ethiopia, American Journal of Agriculture and Forestry.
Vol. 7, No. 1,
2019, pp. 17-22.
Copyright © 2019 Authors retain the copyright of this article.
This article is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/
) which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.
Akobundu, I. O. 1991. Weeds in human affairs in sub-saharan Africa: Implications for sustainable food production. Weed Technology 5: 680-690.
Barros, J. F. C., G. Basch, and M. de-Carvalho. 2008. Effect of reduced doses of a post-emergence graminicide to control Avena sterilis L. and Lolium rigidum G. in no-till wheat under Mediterranean environment. Crop Protec., 27: 1031-1037
Clark, M. S., H. Ferris, K. Klonsky, W. T. Lanini, A. H. C. Van-Bruggen and F. G. Zalom. 1998. Agronomic, economic, and environmental comparison of pest management in conventional and alternative tomato and corn systems in northern California. Agric. Ecosyst. Environ., 68: 51-71.
IAR (Institute of Agricultural Kesearch). 1985. Progress Report for 1983-1984. pp. 125-128. Department of Crop Protection.
IAR (Institute of Agricultural Research). 1986. Progress Report for 1984-1985. pp. 105-1 II. Department of Crop Protection. APPRC (Ambo Plant Protection Research Centre). 1996.
Liebman, M. and Davis., A. S. (2000) Integration of soil, crop, and weed management in low- external-input farming systems. Weed Research. 40:27-47.
Penfold, C. M., M. S. Miyan, T. G. Reeves and I. T. Grierson. 1995. Biological farming for sustainable agricultural production. Aust. J. Exp. Agric., 35: 849-856. Quanqi
Pohlan, 1. 1984. Arable farming and weed control. Institute ofTropical Agriculture, Plant Production Section, German Democratic Republic. 141 pp.
Stonehouse, D. P., S. F. Weise, T. Sheardown, R. S. Gill and C. J. Swanton. 1996. A case study approach to comparing weed management strategies under alternative farming systems in Ontario. Can. J. Agric. Econ., 44: 81-99
Tamado, T. and P. Milberg. 2000. Weed flora in arable fields of eastern Ethiopia with emphasis on parthenium hysterophorus. Weed research 40: 507-521.
Tanner, D. G., Giref Sahile and Workiye Tilahun. 1995. Competitive ability of Ethiopian spring bread wheat cultivars with Avena fatua L. African Crop Science Journal 3: 83-91.
Unger, 1. 1984. Principles and practices of weed management. Addis Ababa University, College of Agriculture, Alemaya, Ethiopia. 185 pp.