American Journal of Agriculture and Forestry
Volume 6, Issue 1, January 2018, Pages: 1-7
Received: Dec. 11, 2017;
Accepted: Dec. 24, 2017;
Published: Jan. 11, 2018
Views 2570 Downloads 172
Kroyan Samvel, National Agrarian University of Armenia, Scientific Center of Soil Sciences, Agrochemistry and Melioration After H. P. Petrosyan, Yerevan, Republic of Armenia
Ghazaryan Hunan, National Agrarian University of Armenia, Scientific Center of Soil Sciences, Agrochemistry and Melioration After H. P. Petrosyan, Yerevan, Republic of Armenia
The humus of Republic of Armenia forest brown soils has been studied. It turned out that these soils are characterized by high content of humus; up to 11,2%, which gradually decreases parallel with the soil profile depth. The humus content in plant litter reaches up to the 21,8%. One of the most important features in the forest brown soils is a high hydrolysis character of humus. The total balance of carbon of humus substances is 17.0-43.6%, which shows the weak linkage of humus with the mineral part of the soil. In general the presence of black HA in the content of humin acids is not typical for forest brown soils. It is well known that in forest grey soil prevail FA and grey FA and the absence of HA, which are combined with exchanging Ca, moving R2O3- as well as with the acid reaction of the soil, which consider being main connectors of humic substances.
Mountainous Forest Brown Soils Humus of Republic of Armenia, American Journal of Agriculture and Forestry.
Vol. 6, No. 1,
2018, pp. 1-7.
Copyright © 2018 Authors retain the copyright of this article.
This article is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/
) which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.
Nosin V. A. Petrov B. F.: “Methods and techniques of soil mapping”: In the book of “Soil mapping” P. H. A. S. USSR, M. 1959, page 46-103.
Arenushkina Е. V. Guide on Soils Chemical Analysis. М., 1962, p. 475.
Aleksandrov L. N., Naydenova O. A.- “Laboratory and practical classes on soil science”. Leningrad, “Agropromizdat”. - Leningrad Department, 1986. – pp. 109-111.
K. G. Melqonyan, H. Gh. Ghazaryan, R. R. Manukyan “The environmental current situation of soils of agricultural importance”, the level of the use of land, the improvement of management system and the ways of increasing effectiveness in the Republic of Armenia. Yerevan. 2004, page 53, (in Armenian).
The world correlative base of soil resources: the basis for the international classification and correlation of soils. Compilers and scientific editors Targulyan V. O., Gerasimova M. I. Partnership of Scientific Publications KMC. Moscow 2007. 280 pages. (in Russian).
World reference base for soil resourses. A framework for international classification, correlation and communication, World Soil Resources Report 103. Rome: FAO; 2006. (in English).
Tatevosyan G. S. “Mountainous Grey Soils of Murguz Ridge”, Inst. of Soil Science and Agrochemistry, MA of Soviet Armenia, Issue 2, Yerevan 1963, P. 47-63.
The soils of the Armenian SSR, under the editorship of P. A. Edilyan and others. P. H. Hayastan, Yerevan, 1976, p. 383.
Badalyan E. N., Edilyan R. A., Characterization of the Nature and Properties of Humic acids in soils, Sov. Arm., Inst. of Soil Science and Agrochemistry, iss. 2, Yerevan 1976, P. 45-58.
Badalyan E. N., Edilyan R. A., Comparative characteristics of organic substance of the main soil types of Sov. Arm.// journal Biologist, Armenia №7, 1979. - P. 695-703.
Grishina L. А., Orlova D. S. System of Indices of Soils Humus State. In the book: Theses of Reports of the V Delegate Congress of the All-Union Community of Soil Scientists, edition 2, Minsk, 1978, pp. 3-7.
Abdulahh Saparov, Chen Shi Czilili Abuduvayli; Soils of the Arid zone of Kazakhstan: Current state and their use. Almaty, 2014, p. 438.
T. Urushadzea, W. Blumb, T. Kvrivishvilia Classification of soils on sediments, sedimentary and andesitic rocks in Georgia by the WRB system Annals of Agrarian Science Volume 14, Issue 4, December 2016, Pages 351–355. (in English).
Dergacheva M. I., Nekrasova О. А., Lavrik N. L. Humin Acids in the Current Soils of Southern Ural, Preprint. Novosibirsk, 2002, p. 24.
Dergachova M. I., Ryabova N., N.; Correlative Relations of Humus Composition and Climatic Indices in Conditions of Mountainous Areas of Southern Siberia // Newslatter of Tomsk Sate Univesrsity, 2005-№15. - P. 68-71.
Kononova М. М. Determination of Common Content of Organic Carbon in Soils and Solutions by the Method of I. V. Tyurin. In the book: Organic Substance of Soil, its Nature, Features and Methods of Investigation, М., 1963, pp. 213-234.
Trav nikova T. S. Regularities of Humus Accumulation: New Data and their Interpretation // Soil Science, 2002, № 7, pp. 832-843.
Ponomareva V. V., Plotnikova Т. А. Humus and soil formation. Ed. << Science >>.- L., 1980. – 221p.