Replacement of Commercial Concentrate with Acacia nilotica Pod Meal on Feed Intake, Digestibility and Weight Gain of Boer x Woyto-Guji Crossbred Goats
American Journal of Agriculture and Forestry
Volume 5, Issue 6, November 2017, Pages: 192-197
Received: Aug. 26, 2017; Accepted: Sep. 11, 2017; Published: Dec. 3, 2017
Views 1961      Downloads 93
Authors
Denbela Hidosa, Livestock Research Process, Jinka Agricultural Research Center, Jinka, Ethiopia
Deribe Gemiyo, Livestock Research Process, Areka Agricultural Research Center, Areka, Ethiopia
Article Tools
Follow on us
Abstract
The study was conducted to evaluate supplementation effect of graded levels of Acacia nilotica pod meal on feed intake, nutrient digestibility and weight gain of Boer and Woyto-Guji (50%) crossbred goats. Twenty four Boer and Woyto-Guji crosses with initial weight of 15.20 ± 0.67 kg were used for the experiment. The experimental diets comprised of T1 = 58% of graded Acacia nilotica pod + 40% of wheat bran; T2= 38% of Acacia nilotica pod + 60% of wheat bran; T3=19% of Acacia nilotica pod + 80% wheat bran; T4= Commercial concentrate. Wheat bran is offered as a source of energy supplements. Six goats were randomly assigned to one of the four diets in Completely Randomized Block Design (RCBD). After 15 days of acclimatization periods, feeding trial had lasted for 90 days and followed by seven days of digestibility trial. The results indicated that goats supplemented with T1 consumed higher (P < 0.001) total DM, CP and ME than T2 and T3. The apparent CP digestibility coefficient showed significant variations (P < 0.001) among experimental diets. Conversely, the nutrient digestibility coefficients indicated that goats supplemented with T1 digested more CP than T2 and T3. Likewise, goats supplemented with T1 had attained higher (P < 0.01) ADG than those supplemented with T2 and T3. Results indicated that strategic supplementation of goats with 58% inclusion level of Acacia nilotica pod in goat diets as a protein supplements is promising to replace commercial concentrate in pastoral communities in to study area.
Keywords
Acacia nilotica Pod, Feed Intake, Nutrient Digestibility, Weight Gain
To cite this article
Denbela Hidosa, Deribe Gemiyo, Replacement of Commercial Concentrate with Acacia nilotica Pod Meal on Feed Intake, Digestibility and Weight Gain of Boer x Woyto-Guji Crossbred Goats, American Journal of Agriculture and Forestry. Vol. 5, No. 6, 2017, pp. 192-197. doi: 10.11648/j.ajaf.20170506.13
Copyright
Copyright © 2017 Authors retain the copyright of this article.
This article is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/) which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.
References
[1]
Jemal Ahmed, Ararsa Duguma, Dareje Regassa, Dinaol Belina, Roba Jilo. Gastrointestinal Nematode Parasites of Small Ruminants and Anthelmintics Efficacy Test in Sheep of Haramaya District, Eastern Ethiopia. Animal and Veterinary Sciences. Vol. 5, No. 3, 2017, pp. 39-44. doi: 10.11648/j.avs.20170503.11
[2]
Admasu, T., Abule, E., Z. Tessema, Z. (2010). Livestock-rangeland management practices and community perceptions towards rangeland degradation in South Omo zone of Southern Ethiopia, Livestock Research for Rural Development.
[3]
Getahun Kebede Yadete. Effect of Concentrate Supplementation on Performances of Ethiopian Lowland Afar and Blackhead Ogaden Lambs. Animal and Veterinary Sciences. Vol. 2, No. 2, 2014, pp. 36-41. doi: 10.11648/j.avs.20140202.14
[4]
Deribe, G., Girma, A., Azage, T., 2014. Influence of non-genetic factors on early growth of Adilo lambs under smallholder management systems, southern Ethiopia. Tropical Animal Health and Production 46: 323-329.
[5]
CSA (Central Statistical Agency (2015). Agricultural Sample Survey Volume II. Report on Livestock and Livestock Characteristics (Private Peasant Holdings), Central Statistical Agency, March 2015, Statistical Bulletin 578, Addis Ababa, Ethiopia.
[6]
Sebsibe A. (2008). Sheep and goat meat characteristics and quality. In: Alemu Yami and Merkel, R. C. (eds.), Sheep and Goat Production Handbook for Ethiopia. Ethiopian Sheep an Goat Productivity Improvement Program (ESGPIP), Ethiopia. pp. 323-338.
[7]
FARM-Africa. (1996). Goat Types of Ethiopia and Eritrea: Physical Description and Management Systems. FARM-Africa, London, UK and ILRI (International Livestock Research Institute), Nairobi, Kenya.
[8]
Uguru, C., Lakpini, C. A. M., Akpa, G. N., Bawa, G. S. (2014). Nutritional potential of acacia (Acacia nilotica (l.) del.) pods for growing Red Sokoto goats. IOSR Journal of Agriculture and Veterinary Science (IOSR-JAVS) 7, (6): 43-49.
[9]
Sawe, J. J., Tuitoek, J. K., Ottaro, J. M. (1998). Evaluation of common tree leaves or pods as supplements for goats on rangeland areas of Kenya. Small Ruminant Research, 28: 31-37.
[10]
Berihe, W., Kefelegn, K., Mulata, H. (2014). Effect of Feeding Acacia Pods (Acacia seyal) with or without Wheat Bran on Feed Intake and Digestibility of Tigray Highland Sheep in Hay Based Feed. Journal of Biology, Agriculture and Healthcare 4 (17): 12-21.
[11]
Kearl L. C. (1982). Nutrient requirements of ruminants in developing countries. International Feed Stuffs Institute, Utah Agriculture Experimental Station, Utah State University, Logon Kearl L. C. (1982). Nutrient requirements of ruminants in developing countries. International Feed Stuffs Institute, Utah Agriculture Experimental Station, Utah State University, Logon.
[12]
Sikosana, J. (2006). The Effects of Treated Acacia nilotica pods as feed supplement to pregnant indigenous Matebele goats of Zimbabwe, grazing during the Dry Season. DFID R4D Report.
[13]
Menke, K. H., Raab, L., Salewski, A., Steingass, H., Fritz, D., Schneider, W. (1979). The estimation of the digestibility and metabolizable energy content of ruminant feedstuffs. J. Agri. Sci., 93: 217–222.
[14]
Association of Official Analytical Chemists (2000). Official Methods of Analysis, 15th ed. Association of Official Analytical Chemists. Arlington, VA, USA.
[15]
Van Soest PJ, Robertson PJ, Lewis BA (1991) Methods for dietary fiber, neutral detergent fiber, and non-starch polysaccharides in relation to animal nutrition. J Dairy Sci 74: 3583–3597.
[16]
Statistical analysis system (SAS). 2008. SAS/STAT Version 9.1 users Guide to SAT. INST., Carry, North Carolina. USA.
[17]
Mc Donald, P., Edward R. A., Greenhalgh, J. F. D., Morgan C. A. (2002). Animal Nutrition. Sixth Edition. Pearson Educational Limited, Edinburg Gate, Harlow. 669p.
[18]
Fedele, V., Claps, S., Rubino, R. & Calandrelli, P. M. 2002. Effect of free choice and traditional feeding systems on goat feeding behaviour and intake. Livestock Production Science. 74, 19-31.
[19]
Araya, M. R., Ngugi, R. K., Musimba, N. K. R., Nyariki, D. M. (2003). Effects of Acacia Tortilis pods on Intake, Digestibility and Nutritive quality of goat diets in South-Western Eritrea. African journal of Range and Forage Science 20 (1): 59-62.
[20]
Fadul, B., F. El-Hag M., Idris, A., Ali Elmola Zareba S., Jadaalla, J. (2014). The Effects of Feeding Acacia Tortilis Pods and Groundnut Cake on Lambs’ Performance under Range Conditions in North Kordofan State, Sudan, World Essays Journal / 1 (1): 26-30.
[21]
Mandal, A. B., N. S. S. Paul, G. P. Mandal, A. Kannan, and N. N. Pathak. 2004. Deriving nutrient requirements of growing Indian goats under tropical conditions. Small Ruminant Research. 58: 201– 217.
ADDRESS
Science Publishing Group
1 Rockefeller Plaza,
10th and 11th Floors,
New York, NY 10020
U.S.A.
Tel: (001)347-983-5186