Impact of 60 Years of Intensive Rice Cropping on Clay Minerals in Soils Due to Si Exportation
American Journal of Agriculture and Forestry
Volume 5, Issue 3, May 2017, Pages: 40-48
Received: Feb. 2, 2017; Accepted: Feb. 17, 2017; Published: Apr. 14, 2017
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Authors
Kamran Irfan, INRA (National Institute of Research in Agronomy), Université d’Avignon et des Pays du Vaucluse, UMR Emmah, Avignon, France
Fabienne Trolard, INRA (National Institute of Research in Agronomy), Université d’Avignon et des Pays du Vaucluse, UMR Emmah, Avignon, France
Tanvir Shahzad, Department of Environmental Sciences & Engineering, Government College University Faisalabad, Faisalabad, Pakistan
Lise Cary, BRGM (French Geological Survey), Nord Pas-de-Calais Regional Direction, Lezennes, France
Jean-Claude Mouret, INRA (National Institute of Research in Agronomy), IRD (Institute of Research & Development), SupAgro Monptellier, UMR Innovation, Montpellier, France
Guilhem Bourrié, INRA (National Institute of Research in Agronomy), Université d’Avignon et des Pays du Vaucluse, UMR Emmah, Avignon, France
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Abstract
Rice is cultivated as staple for over half of the World’s population. In Camargue (South of France) rice fields have been established on very young soils developed from historic fluvial deposits of the Rhône River. The comparison of clay mineralogy in a paddy field cultivated for 60 years and in a control shows a significant increase of the clay crystallinity in the paddy field soil, which implies a decrease of their solubility. In the paddy soils, phytoliths, poorly crystallized clays, such as smectite and to a lesser extent kaolinite, are progressively dissolved to supply Si for rice requirements. The sustainability of the crop system requires the clearing of silica exportations.
Keywords
Clays, Crystallinity, Rice, Silicon
To cite this article
Kamran Irfan, Fabienne Trolard, Tanvir Shahzad, Lise Cary, Jean-Claude Mouret, Guilhem Bourrié, Impact of 60 Years of Intensive Rice Cropping on Clay Minerals in Soils Due to Si Exportation, American Journal of Agriculture and Forestry. Vol. 5, No. 3, 2017, pp. 40-48. doi: 10.11648/j.ajaf.20170503.12
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Copyright © 2017 Authors retain the copyright of this article.
This article is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/) which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.
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