Identification of Ecological Threats, Pressure and Their Relative Severity of Temcha Riverine Forest, North West, Ethiopia
American Journal of Agriculture and Forestry
Volume 4, Issue 3, May 2016, Pages: 64-68
Received: Dec. 8, 2015; Accepted: Dec. 18, 2015; Published: Jul. 4, 2016
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Author
Edeget Merawi, Access and Benefit Sharing Directorate, Ethiopian Biodiversity Institute, Addiss Ababa, Ethiopia
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Abstract
The aim of the study was to investigate previous and future potential threats and pressures in the study area. It described the relative severity, coverage, permanence, probability of occurrence and the trend of threats and pressures of the forest. A reconnaissance survey was conducted from October to December 2013 to collect Ecological data. A total of 80 informants were purposively selected from adjacent kebele (the smallest administrative unit in Ethiopia) residents based on their familiarity to threats. Semi structured interview, focus group discussion and guided field walk were used as a tool for data collection. Overgrazing, wood collection, investment expansion and expansion of farmland were the first four sever pressure and threats to the forest. Cutting and clearing, soil erosion, and boundary conflict were given least main concern. The overall mean of multiple pressure trends was increased sharply and wide spread (15-50%) extent with high impact in the long term (20-100 years) permanence for rehabilitation. The overall mean of multiple threats trend was increased sharply and widespread (15-50%) extent with high impact in the long-term (20-100 years) permanence for rehabilitation. The result revealed that strong dependency on the forest is leading to aggravation of the identified threats and pressure and deterioration of Temcha Riverine forest. Raising awareness of local communities on the value of forest and ecological consequences of the observed threats is recommended as the possible management techniques.
Keywords
Threats, Riverine, Permanence, Extent, Pressure and Rehabilitation
To cite this article
Edeget Merawi, Identification of Ecological Threats, Pressure and Their Relative Severity of Temcha Riverine Forest, North West, Ethiopia, American Journal of Agriculture and Forestry. Vol. 4, No. 3, 2016, pp. 64-68. doi: 10.11648/j.ajaf.20160403.12
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Copyright © 2016 Authors retain the copyright of this article.
This article is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/) which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.
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