Effect of Nitrogen and Phosphorus Fertilizer Rates on Yield and Yield Components of Barley (Hordeum Vugarae L.) Varieties at Damot Gale District, Wolaita Zone, Ethiopia
American Journal of Agriculture and Forestry
Volume 3, Issue 6, November 2015, Pages: 271-275
Received: Apr. 23, 2015;
Accepted: Dec. 10, 2015;
Published: Dec. 22, 2015
Views 4572 Downloads 249
Mesfin Kassa, Soil science, Wolaita Sodo University, College of Agriculture, Wolaita Sodo, Ethiopia
Zemach Sorsa, Plant Breeding, Wolaita Sodo University, College of Agriculture, Wolaita Sodo, Ethiopia
A field experiment was conducted at Damot Gale District, Wolaita Zone, SNNPRS to evaluate the response of barely varieties to nitrogen and phosphorus fertilizer application since the response varies from location to location due to several factors. Thus, there is a need to determine specific nitrogen and phosphorus fertilizer requirement of specific variety. The barley varieties (HB1370 and Shage) were used as test crop and the experiment contained factorial combination of four levels of N/P (0/0, 23/10, 46/20, 69/30 kg ha-1) and was laid out in randomized complete block design with three replications. The results from this study indicated that nitrogen and phosphorus fertilizer showed no significant effect on number of days to heading while number of fertile tillers, total biomass and yield were significantly increased by application of nitrogen and phosphorus. However, the effects of nitrogen and phosphorus were significant (P < 0.05) on plant height, spike length, number of seeds per spike and grain yield. In general, grain yield tended to be higher under NP 69/30 kg ha-1 treatment (2.02t/ha). In contrast, the lowest grain yield (0.86t/ha) was obtained from 0/0 NP treatment, although the interaction effects of nitrogen and phosphorus were significant on treatments with varieties and balanced amount of nitrogen and phosphorus. The future studies should articulate towards the studies involving more varieties, multi-location and additional rates of nitrogen and phosphorus applications, under diverse management practices such as research and farmer’s field’s conditions, which may facilitate fine-tuning of fertilizer recommendations.
Effect of Nitrogen and Phosphorus Fertilizer Rates on Yield and Yield Components of Barley (Hordeum Vugarae L.) Varieties at Damot Gale District, Wolaita Zone, Ethiopia, American Journal of Agriculture and Forestry.
Vol. 3, No. 6,
2015, pp. 271-275.
Alemayehu Asefa, 1994. Drought stress during the belg season and selection of barley land races in the north Shewa, Ethiopia. Nile Valley and Red Sea Regional Program on cool season food legume and cereals, ICARADA/NVRSRP. Ethiopia. 209-216.
Assefa Workineh Chekole. Response of Barley (Hordium vulgare L.) to Integrated Cattle Manureand Mineral Fertilizer Application in the Vertisol Areas of South Tigray, Ethiopia. Journal of Plant Sciences. Vol. 3, No. 2, 2015, pp. 71-76. doi: 10.11648/j.jps.20150302.15.
Asmare Yallew, Hailemicheal Shewayirga, Assefa Alebachew & Rahel Asrat. 1998a. Barley production practices and constraints in Meket Wereda, North Welo. pp 91–95, in: Chilot Yirga, Fekadu Alemayehu and Woldeyesus Sinebo (eds.). Barley-based Farming Systems in the Highlands of Ethiopia. Ethiopian Agricultural Research Organization, Addis Ababa, Ethiopia.
Awassa Agricultural Research Centre. 2005. Progress Report of the period 2004/2005. Awassa, Ethiopia.
BOA [Bureau of Agriculture]. 1998. Regional BasicInformation. Bureau of Agriculture Planning andProgramming Service, Awassa, Ethiopia.
Bulman, P., and D.L Smith. 1993. Grain protein response of spring barley to high rate and post anthesis application of fertilizer nitrogen. Journal of agronomy, 85(6):1109-1113.
Berhane Lakew, Hailu Gebre & Fekadu Alemayehu. 1996. Barley production and research. pp 1–8, in: Hailu Gebre and J.A.G. van Leur (eds.). Barley Research in Ethiopia: Past Work and Future Prospects. Proceedings of the 1st Barley Research Review Workshop, 16–19 October 1993, Addis Ababa. IAR/ICARDA, Addis Ababa, Ethiopia.
Chilot Yirga, Berhane Lakew & Fekadu Alemayehu. 2002. On-farm evaluation of food barley production packages in the highlands of Wolemera and Degem, Ethiopia. pp 176– 187, in: Gemechu Kenini, Yohannes Gojjam, Kiflu Bedane, Chilot Yirga and Asgelil Dibabe (eds.). Towards Farmers’ Participatory Research: Attempt and Achievements in the Central Highlands of Ethiopia. Proceedings of a Client-Oriented Research Evaluation Workshop, Holetta Agricultural Research Centre, Holetta, Ethiopia.
CACC (Central Agricultural Census Commission). 2002.
(Hordeum vulgare L.) at Bore District, Southern Oromia Report on the Preliminary Results of Area, Production and Yield of Temporary Crops (Meher Season, Private Peasant Holdings) Part I. Addis Ababa, Ethiopia. 200 p.
CLDB (Canada land development branch). 2001. Cropfertilization guide. New Nouveau Brunswick, Canada.
Habtamu A., Heluf G., Bobe B., Enyew A. Fertility Status of Soils under Different Land uses at Wujiraba Watershed, North-Western Highlands of Ethiopia. Agriculture, Forestry and Fisheries. Vol. 3, No. 5, 2014, pp. 410-419. doi: 10.11648/j.aff.20140305.24
Hailu Gebre and J.L. Van, 1996. Barley Research in Ethiopia: Past Work and Future Prospects. Proceeding of the first barley research review workshop IAR/ICARADA. Addis Ababa, Ethiopia.
Havlin JL, JD Beaton, SL Tisdale, WL Nelson (1999). Soilfertility and fertilizers: An introduction to nutrient management. Prentice Hall, New York, 499p.
Kiros Meles, 1993. Studies on barley scald (Rhynchesporium secalis (oud.) and evaluation of barley line for resistance to the disease in Ethiopia. An MSc Thesis presented to Alemaya University of Agriculture. 71p.
Lakew, B., Gebre, H. and Alemayehu, F. 1996. Barley production and research in Ethiopia. In Barley Research in Ethiopia: Past Work and Future Prospects, H. Gebre and J. van leur (Eds.). Proceedings of the first barley research review workshop, 16–19 October 1993. Addis Ababa. IAR/ICARDA.
MOA [Ministry of Agriculture]. 2000. Management information systems and data processing service. Ministry of Agriculture Bulletin No. 1 (August 2000).MOA, Addis Ababa, Ethiopia.
M. Osundwa, J. Okalebo, W. Ngetich, J. Ochuodho, C. Othieno, B. Langat and V. Omenyo. Influence of agricultural lime on soil properties and wheat (Triticum aestivum L.) yield on acidic soils of Uasin Gishu County, Kenya. American Journal of Experimental Agriculture, 2013, 3(4): pp 806-823.
Olsen SR, CV Cole, FS Watanabe, LA Dean 1954).Estimation of available phosphorus in soils by extraction with sodium bicarbonate. USA Circular. 939: 1- 19.
Rashid A, Khan UK, Khan DJ (2007). Comparative Effect of Varieties and Fertilizer Levels on Barley (Hordeum vulgare). ISSN Online: 1814–9596, Pakistan.
Solomon Yilma, 2006. Characteristics, classification and agricultural potentials of soils of Gonde microcatchment, Arsi highlands, Ethiopia. A thesis presented to the school of graduate studies of Haramaya University. Haramaya. 74p.
Wakene Tigre, Walelign Worku, Wassie Haile. Effects of Nitrogen and Phosphorus Fertilizer Levels on Growth and Development of Barley (Hordeum vulgare L.) at Bore District, Southern Oromia, Ethiopia. American Journal of Life Sciences. Vol. 2, No. 5, 2014, pp. 260-266. doi: 10.11648/j.ajls.20140205.12.
Woldeyesus Sinebo & Chilot Yirga. 2002. Participatory client-orientation of research in lowinput cropping systems of Ethiopia. pp 27–43, in: Gemechu Kenini, Yohannes Gojjam, Kiflu Bedane, Chilot Yirga and Asgelil Dibabe (eds.). Towards Farmers’ Participatory Research: Attempts and Achievements in the Central Highlands of Ethiopia. Proceedings of a Client-Oriented Research Evaluation Workshop. Holetta Agricultural Research Centre, Holetta, Ethiopia.