Optimization of Minituber Size and Planting Distance for the Breeder Seed Production of Potato
American Journal of Agriculture and Forestry
Volume 3, Issue 2, March 2015, Pages: 58-64
Received: Feb. 17, 2015;
Accepted: Mar. 25, 2015;
Published: Apr. 10, 2015
Views 4186 Downloads 168
Md. Altaf Hossain, Tuber Crops Research Centre (TCRC), Bangladesh Agricultural Research Institute (BARI), Joydebpur, Gazipur, Bangladesh
Abdullah-Al-Mahmud , International Potato Center (CIP), USAID Horticulture Project, Bangladesh
Md. Abdullah-Al-Mamun , Department of Agriculture Extension (DAE), Rangpur, Bangladesh
Md. Shamimuzzaman, Department of Crop Sciences, University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign, Urbana, Illinois 61801, USA
Md. Mizanur Rahman, Department of Horticulture, Bangabandhu Sheikh Mujibur Rahman Agricultural University, Joydebpur, Gazipur, Bangladesh
Six grades of potato minitubers (<5 mm, 5-10 mm, 10-15 mm, 15-20 mm, 20-25 mm and > 25 mm) and four planting distance (25 cm, 20 cm, 15 cm and 10 cm) with a potato variety Diamant were taken in an study during 2013-14 at the Tuber Crops Research Centre of Bangladesh Agricultural Research Institute, Gazipur, Bangladesh. The objective was to observe the effect of minituber grades and planting distance on growth, seed yield, increase ratio and seed potential of potato. The largest minitubers (>25 mm) planted at widest distance (25 cm) produced maximum number of tubers per plant (18.7). The highest number of tubers per m2 (306.7) was obtained with largest minitubers (>25 mm) planted at the closest plant spacing 10 cm, while it was lowest (64.0) in smallest size minituber (<5 mm) with the widest distance 25 cm. A significant increase ratio was found ranged from 14 (largest minituber with the closest planting distance) to 297 (smallest minituber with widest planting distance). The maximum percentage (53%) of ‘A grade’ seed (28-55mm size) was obtained from the pea size (5-10 mm) minituber size planted at 15 cm distance. The highest seed potential (39.8) was in >25 mm size minituber planted at 10 cm distance. The lowest (4.4) was in <5 mm size minituber when planted at 25 cm distance. Seed sizes increasing from <5 mm to >25 mm had significant increase ratio ranged from 12 to 269. The highest economic return (9.4) would occur for the pea size (5-10 mm) minituber when planted at 15 cm spacing.
Md. Altaf Hossain,
Md. Abdullah-Al-Mamun ,
Md. Mizanur Rahman,
Optimization of Minituber Size and Planting Distance for the Breeder Seed Production of Potato, American Journal of Agriculture and Forestry.
Vol. 3, No. 2,
2015, pp. 58-64.
AIS. 2014. Seed supplied by BADC in 2012-13. Krishi Diary. Agriculture Information Service, Khamarbari, Farmgate, Dhaka, Bangladesh. P.7.
Akhtar, Parveen., S. J. Abbas, M. Aziz, A. H. Shah and N. Ali. 2010. Effect of Growth Behavior of Potato Mini Tubers on Quality of Seed Potatoes as Influenced by Different Cultivars. Pak. J. Pl. Sci. 16 (1): 1-9.
Allen, E. J. and D. C. E. Wurr. 1992. Plant density. In: P. M. Harris (Ed.), The Potato Crop. The scientific basis for improvement. Second edition. Chapman and Hall, London, UK, pp. 292-333.
Bussan, A.J., P.D. Mitchell, M.E. Copas and M.J. Drilias, 2007. Evaluation of the effect of density on potato yield and tuber size distribution. Crop Sci. 47: 2462–2472.
Creamer, N.G., C.R. Crozier and M.A. Cubeta, 1999. Influence of seed piece spacing and population on yield, internal quality and economic performance of Atlantic, Superior and Snowden potato varieties in Eastern North Carolina. American J. Potato Res., 76: 257–261.
El-Amin, S. M., B. Adam, E. Varis and E. Pehu. 1996. Production of seedling tubers. Experimental Agric. 32 (4): 419-426.
Gopal, J., R. Kumar and G. S. Kang. 2007. The effectiveness of using a minituber crop for selection of agronomic characters in potato breeding programmes Potato Journal, 34 (1 & 2): 145-151.
Hassanpanah D., A. A. Hosienzadeh and N. Allahyari. 2009. Evaluation of planting date effects on yield and yield components of Savalan and Agria cultivars in Ardabil region. Journal of Food, Agriculture & Environment, 7 (3&4): 525-528.
Haverkort, A. J., M. Van de Waart & J. Marinus.1991. Field Performance of Potato Microtubers as Propagation Materials. Potato Research. 34: 353-364.
Hossain, M. A., A. U. Hauque, M. S. Alam, M. Hossain, M. M. Khatun, M. M. Hasan and S. N. Begum. 2008. Disease free Minituber Production of Potato Using Tissue Culture Methods (In Bangla), TCRC, BARI, Joydebpur, Gazipur-1701, Bangladesh. P.1.
Islam, M. S., S. Moonmoon, M. Z. Islam, H. Waliullah and M. S. Hossain. 2012. Studies on Seed Size and Spacing for Optimum Yield of Potato in Northern Region of Bangladesh. Bangladesh J. Prog. Sci. & Tech. 10(1): 113-116.
Karafyllidis, D.I., D.N. Georgakis, N.I. Stavropoulos, E.X. Nianiou, and I.A. Vezyroglou. 1997. Effect of planting density and size of potato seed-minitubers on their yielding capacity. Acta Hort. 462:943–949.
Kenneth, A. R. and B. A. Charlton. 2005. Effects of prenuclear minituber seed size on production of Wallowa Russet Seed. Annual Report. Klamath Experiment Station. USA. 31-38 pp.
Mamun, A. A. 2012. Effect of Planting time and spacing of top shoot cutting for breeder’s seed production of potato. MS thesis. BSMRAU. Gazipur-1706. 1-66 pp.
Masarirambi, M. T., F. C. Mandisodza, A. B. Mashingaidze and E. Bhebhe, 2012. Influence of plant population and seed tuber size on growth and yield components of potato (Solanum tuberosum). Int. J. Agric. Biol. 14: 545–549.
Rykbost, K. A. and B. A. Charlton.2004. Effects of Prenuclear Minituber Seed Size on Production of Wallowa Russet Seed. Annual Report. Klamath Experiment Station (KES), Klamath Falls, Oregon, USA. pp 38-43.
Struik, P. C. 2007. The canon of potato science: Minitubers. Potato Res. 50(3-4):305-308.
Sultana N and Siddique A. 1991. Effect of cut seed piece and plant spacing on the yield and profitability of potato. Bangladesh Horticulture. 19(1): 37-43.
Tuku, B. T. 2000. The utilization of true potato seed (TPS) as an alternative method of potato production. Indonesian J. Agric. Sci. 1 (2): 29-38.
Zakaria, M. 2003. Induction and Performance of Potato Microtuber. Ph D Dissertation. Department of Horticulture. BSMRAU, Gazipur-1701. Bangladesh. 144-159 pp.
Zkaynak E. and B. Samanci. 2006. Field performance of potato minituber weights at different planting dates. Archives of Agronomy & Soil Scienc. 52 (3): 333-338.