Establishment of Africa Red Mahogany (Khaya anthoteca) Pre-Inoculated with Arbuscular Mycorrhizae Fungi (AMF) and Compost Application on an Ex-Coal Mined Site
American Journal of Agriculture and Forestry
Volume 3, Issue 2, March 2015, Pages: 38-46
Received: Feb. 24, 2015;
Accepted: Mar. 11, 2015;
Published: Mar. 15, 2015
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Philip Worlanyo Dugbley, Department of Silviculture, Faculty of Forestry, Bogor Agricultural University, Bogor-Indonesia
Irdika Mansur, Department of Silviculture, Faculty of Forestry, Bogor Agricultural University, Bogor-Indonesia; SEAMEO Biotrop, Jalan Raya Tajur 6K, Bogor, Indonesia
Basuki Wasis, Department of Silviculture, Faculty of Forestry, Bogor Agricultural University, Bogor-Indonesia
Coal mining provides a means for creating wealth and significantly contributes to export earnings, economic activity and employment whilst supporting regional development. However, coal mining is one of the most severe disturbances in terrestrial ecosystems. Thus, the removal of the natural vegetation and upper soil horizons for mining exploration hinders the establishment and survival of plant and soil microbial communities. Revegetation of ex-coal mined lands is therefore required to enable the recover, as close as possible, to its previous integrity. The establishment of tree species capable of protecting the underlying soil and its micro-fauna and flora is one way of achieving this aim. This study therefore aims to investigate the effect of arbuscular mycorrhizae fungi (AMF) pre-inoculation and compost application on the growth performance of the Africa red mahogany, Khaya anthoteca on an ex-coal mined site. The field design for this study was the completely randomized design (CRD) in factorial experiment. Four (4) levels of each factor namely compost and AMF were used with sixteen treatment combinations and each treatment replicated four times giving sixty four (64) experimental units. The results indicated that compost has significant effect (P<0.001) on height, diameter and leaf increment with steady increment during this study. There was no significant effect of mycorrhizae treatment as well as interaction between both factors (AMF and compost) on the growth of K. anthoteca. However, compost composition from a mixture of Salvinia natans and that prepared from the paddy husk (C3) recorded the highest increment in height of 9.31 cm while compost from S. natans only (C1), rice hull compost; herein known as paddy husk compost (C2) and control (C0) recorded increments of 9.00 cm, 5.78 cm and 4.47 cm respectively. The arbuscular mycorrhizae fungi played a role in the survival of the species on the field. There was percentage difference of between 18.5-37.5% over the control treatment. AMF from Glomus manihotis had the highest percentage survival of 81.25% whiles the control treatment of mycorrhizae had the lowest percentage of 43.75%. Plants are also able to withstand harsh environmental conditions through fungi-plant symbiosis enhancing the chances of survival on the field and thus, aiding the plant establishment. The study concludes that AMF and compost applications are feasible and sound technologies for the establishment of K. anthoteca on ex-coal mined sites.
Philip Worlanyo Dugbley,
Establishment of Africa Red Mahogany (Khaya anthoteca) Pre-Inoculated with Arbuscular Mycorrhizae Fungi (AMF) and Compost Application on an Ex-Coal Mined Site, American Journal of Agriculture and Forestry.
Vol. 3, No. 2,
2015, pp. 38-46.
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