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Voluntary Feed Intake and Nutrient Utilization of West African Dwarf Sheep Fed Supplements of Moringa oleifera and Gliricidia sepium Fodders
American Journal of Agriculture and Forestry
Volume 2, Issue 3, May 2014, Pages: 94-99
Received: May 2, 2014; Accepted: May 15, 2014; Published: May 30, 2014
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Adegun Maria Kikelomo, Department of Animal Production and Health Sciences, Ekiti State University, Ado-Ekiti, Nigeria
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Moringa oleifera (Mo) and Gliricidia sepium (Gs) fodders and their mixtures were fed as protein supplements to basal diets of Panicum maximum (Pm) and cassava peels. Thirty two (32) yearling West African Dwarf (WAD) rams were divided into four groups of eight animals balanced for body weight and allocated to dietary treatments in a Completely Randomized Design for fifteen (15) weeks. Animals in group 1 consumed the basal diet only while animals from group 2, 3 and 4 were fed basal diets with supplements of Mo, Gs and their mixtures respectively. Voluntary feed intake (VFI), nutrient digestibility and nitrogen utilization of the animals were evaluated. Animals fed basal diet only had reduced VFI (252.36±22.0g day-1) while those on Mo and Gs mixtures had significantly higher (p<0.05) VFI value of 344.96±22.2g day-1. Voluntary feed intake of basal diet was increased significantly (p<0.05) for animals in group 2 and 4 (260.20±30.00 and 270.46±20.6g day-1 respectively). Higher but significantly different (p<0.05) dry matter digestibility values of 63.90±3.06, 62.72±3.02 and 68.50±4.32% were obtained for animals in group 2, 3 and 4 respectively while the animals in group 1 had the least value of 48.39±2.03%. Similar trend exist in crude protein and crude fibre digestibility with animals in group 4 having significantly higher (p<0.05) values of 60.62±5.24 and 68.63±3.22% respectively. The result of nitrogen utilization indicate significantly lowest (p<0.05) value of 3.56±0.16g day-1 of digested nitrogen for animals in group 1. Higher nitrogen retention value (p<0.05) of 65.81±4.20% was obtained in sheep on Mo and Gs fodder combinations. Those on separate Mo and Gs fodders were statistically similar (58.55±3.02% and 58.00±5.30% respectively) but higher (p<0.05) than those on basal diet (43.70±3.02%). Supplementation of Panicum maximum and cassava peels basal diet with Moringa oleifera or Gliricidia sepium fodders improved the intake of basal diet and enhanced better nutrient utilization of WAD sheep. Mixtures of the two fodders in the same ratio were superior to either supplementation.
Moringa oleifera, Fodder Trees, Voluntary Feed Intake, Foliage Mixtures, Supplementation
To cite this article
Adegun Maria Kikelomo, Voluntary Feed Intake and Nutrient Utilization of West African Dwarf Sheep Fed Supplements of Moringa oleifera and Gliricidia sepium Fodders, American Journal of Agriculture and Forestry. Vol. 2, No. 3, 2014, pp. 94-99. doi: 10.11648/j.ajaf.20140203.16
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