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Analysis of Comparative Phylogenetic Story by Using Autosomal Markers and Mitochondrial Sequences
American Journal of Bioscience and Bioengineering
Volume 6, Issue 1, February 2018, Pages: 5-12
Received: Nov. 21, 2017; Accepted: Dec. 4, 2017; Published: Jan. 25, 2018
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Ngo Thi Kim Cuc, Department of Animal Breeding and Genetics, National Institute of Animal Science, Hanoi, Vietnam
Nguyen Thanh Son, Department of Science and International Cooperation, National Institute of Animal Science, Hanoi, Vietnam
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The current study aims at the molecular assessment of genetic diversity within and between Vietnamese local chicken populations. On average, a total of 32 individuals per Vietnamese local chicken population was randomly sampled. Nine Vietnamese chickens breeds and 2 The exotic chicken breeds originating from China were used. The DNA polymorphism was assessed using a set of 29 microsatellite markers recommended by FAO. A fragment of 455 bp from the mtDNA D-loop region was amplified. The results showed that at the autosomal level, the Vietnamese local chicken breeds from different agro-ecological zones represent genetically distinct populations. The northern breeds are clearly separated from breed of the South Central Coast and from breed of the Mekong Delta. The Vietnamese local chicken breeds are highly polymorphic and originated from eight maternal lineages. These lineages are present across the country. Two chicken breeds of Chinese origin, Tam Hoang and Luong Phuong, kept in the National Institute of Animal Sciences are genetically distinct from the Vietnamese local breeds. The Vietnamese chicken breeds are genetically separated from the Chinese chicken gene pool.
Vietnamese Chicken Breed, Genetic Diversity, Microsatellite, mtDNA
To cite this article
Ngo Thi Kim Cuc, Nguyen Thanh Son, Analysis of Comparative Phylogenetic Story by Using Autosomal Markers and Mitochondrial Sequences, American Journal of Bioscience and Bioengineering. Vol. 6, No. 1, 2018, pp. 5-12. doi: 10.11648/
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