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Composition and Abundance of Benthic Macro-invertebrates in Freshwater Earthen Ponds of Noakhali District, Bangladesh
American Journal of Bioscience and Bioengineering
Volume 3, Issue 5, October 2015, Pages: 50-56
Received: Sep. 6, 2015; Accepted: Sep. 25, 2015; Published: Oct. 10, 2015
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Authors
Sakalin Chakma, Department of Fisheries and Marine Science, Noakhali Science and Technology University, Sonapur, Noakhali, Bangladesh
Md. Mofizur Rahman, Department of Fisheries and Marine Science, Noakhali Science and Technology University, Sonapur, Noakhali, Bangladesh
Masuma Akter, Department of Fisheries, University of Dhaka, Dhaka, Bangladesh
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Abstract
The composition and abundance of benthic macro-invertebrates in freshwater fish ponds of Noakhali region were analyzed for a period of six month (December-May, 2012). Experimental ponds were categorized as culture, household and derelict and samples were drawn every week during the entire study period using an Eckman grab with dimension of 15.2×15.2×15.2 cm. A total of 10 major groups/taxa were identified viz.; Polychaetes, Oligochaetes, Gastropods, Amphipods, Bivalve, Diptera, Crab, Isopods, Prawn larvae and Copepod. Total macro-benthos abundance was recorded 1555.54, 1466.66 and 2177.79 ind. / m2 respectively in culture, household and derelict ponds. Oligochaetes were found dominant (49 -75%) in all the experimental ponds. Density of Oligochaetes was recorded 888.89, 1088.89 and 1066.67 ind. /m2 respectively in culture, household and derelict ponds. The overall composition of macro-benthos was Polychaetes (9.19%), Oligochaetes (58.56%), Gastropods (19.23%), Amphipods (3.85%), Bivalvia (1.50%), Diptera (1%), Crab (0.43%), Isopods (0.43%), Prawn larvae (0.21%) and Copepods (0.85%). The present study reveals that macrobenthic fauna and their density are variable among the freshwater ponds. The obtained information can be used for further analysis of seasonal variation of macrobenthos, conserve biodiversity and seasonal change of water quality parameter of freshwater ponds.
Keywords
Benthic Macro-invertebrates, Composition, Abundance, Freshwater Ponds, Noakhali District
To cite this article
Sakalin Chakma, Md. Mofizur Rahman, Masuma Akter, Composition and Abundance of Benthic Macro-invertebrates in Freshwater Earthen Ponds of Noakhali District, Bangladesh, American Journal of Bioscience and Bioengineering. Vol. 3, No. 5, 2015, pp. 50-56. doi: 10.11648/j.bio.20150305.15
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