Please enter verification code
Composition and Abundance of Benthic Macro-invertebrates in Freshwater Earthen Ponds of Noakhali District, Bangladesh
American Journal of Bioscience and Bioengineering
Volume 3, Issue 5, October 2015, Pages: 50-56
Received: Sep. 6, 2015; Accepted: Sep. 25, 2015; Published: Oct. 10, 2015
Views 4658      Downloads 174
Sakalin Chakma, Department of Fisheries and Marine Science, Noakhali Science and Technology University, Sonapur, Noakhali, Bangladesh
Md. Mofizur Rahman, Department of Fisheries and Marine Science, Noakhali Science and Technology University, Sonapur, Noakhali, Bangladesh
Masuma Akter, Department of Fisheries, University of Dhaka, Dhaka, Bangladesh
Article Tools
Follow on us
The composition and abundance of benthic macro-invertebrates in freshwater fish ponds of Noakhali region were analyzed for a period of six month (December-May, 2012). Experimental ponds were categorized as culture, household and derelict and samples were drawn every week during the entire study period using an Eckman grab with dimension of 15.2×15.2×15.2 cm. A total of 10 major groups/taxa were identified viz.; Polychaetes, Oligochaetes, Gastropods, Amphipods, Bivalve, Diptera, Crab, Isopods, Prawn larvae and Copepod. Total macro-benthos abundance was recorded 1555.54, 1466.66 and 2177.79 ind. / m2 respectively in culture, household and derelict ponds. Oligochaetes were found dominant (49 -75%) in all the experimental ponds. Density of Oligochaetes was recorded 888.89, 1088.89 and 1066.67 ind. /m2 respectively in culture, household and derelict ponds. The overall composition of macro-benthos was Polychaetes (9.19%), Oligochaetes (58.56%), Gastropods (19.23%), Amphipods (3.85%), Bivalvia (1.50%), Diptera (1%), Crab (0.43%), Isopods (0.43%), Prawn larvae (0.21%) and Copepods (0.85%). The present study reveals that macrobenthic fauna and their density are variable among the freshwater ponds. The obtained information can be used for further analysis of seasonal variation of macrobenthos, conserve biodiversity and seasonal change of water quality parameter of freshwater ponds.
Benthic Macro-invertebrates, Composition, Abundance, Freshwater Ponds, Noakhali District
To cite this article
Sakalin Chakma, Md. Mofizur Rahman, Masuma Akter, Composition and Abundance of Benthic Macro-invertebrates in Freshwater Earthen Ponds of Noakhali District, Bangladesh, American Journal of Bioscience and Bioengineering. Vol. 3, No. 5, 2015, pp. 50-56. doi: 10.11648/
Odum. EP. Fundamentals of ecology, 3rd W.B. Saunders Company. Philadelphia, 1971; pp: 574.
Barnes, R. D. and Hughes, S. 1988: An introduction to marine ecology. 2nd Edn., Blackwell Scientific Publications, UK., pp: 351.
Idowu, E. O. and Ugwumba, A. A. A. Physical, chemical and benthic faunal characteristics of a Southern Nigeria Reservoir. The Zoologist, 2005; 3: 15-25
Hossain, M. B. Macrobenthos Community Structure of a Tropical Estuary. LAP Publishing Company, Germany, 2011; pp: 84.
Imevbore, AM and Bakare, O Ed. Studies, 1970, 7, 87-98.
Adebisi, A. A. A Report Prepared for Agro Team. Ibadan, Nigeria, 1989; pp: 7-8.
Ajao, E. A. and Fagade, S. O. The benthic macro-infauna of Lagos Lagoon. The Zoologist, 2002; 1(2): 1-5.
Oke, O. O. Limnology and macrobenthos of Owena reservoir. M.Phil. Thesis, Universityof Ibadan, Ibadan, Nigeria. 1990; pp: 96.
Covich, A. P., Margaret, A. P. and Todd, A. C. The Role of Benthic Invertebrate Species in Freshwater Ecosystems: Zoobenthic species influence energy flows and nutrient cycling. Bio Sci., 1999; 49(2):119-127.
Belaluzzaman, A. M. Ecology of the intertidal macro-benthic fauna in Cox's Bazar Coastal area, Bangladesh. M.Sc. Thesis, IMS, University of Chittagong, Bangladesh, 1995; pp: 55.
Khan, A. N., Kamal, D., Mahmud, M. M., Rahman, M. A. and Hossain, M. A. Diversity, Distribution and Abundance of Benthos in Mouri River, Khulna, Bangladesh, Int. J.Sustain. Crop Prod, 2007; 2(5): 19-23.
Asadujjaman, M., Hossain, M. B., Shamsuddin, M., Amin, M. A. and Azam, A. K. M. Occurrence and abundance of macrobenthos of Hatiya and Nijhum Dweep Islands, Bangladesh. Middle-East J. Sci. Res., 2012; 11: 184-188.
Mahmood, N., Zafar, M., Barua, P. K. and Ali, S. Macrobenthic fauna of an aquaculture pond of Chkaria Sundarban. Pak. J. Sci. Ind. Res., 1993; 36: 156-158.
Rao, G. S. and Sharma, D. V. R. Meio-benthos of the Gosthani estuary, Int. J. Mar. Sci.,1990; 19: 171-173.
Hossain, M. B. A preliminary study on intertidal macrobenthos of Chittagong coast in Bangladesh, Int. J. Ani. Fish. Sci., 2008; 2(2): 170-175.
Hossain, M. B. Macro-zoo-benthos of the Meghna River estuarine bed with special reference to Polychaete faunal biodiversity, Int. J. Sustain. Ag. Tech., 2009; 5(3): 11-16.
BBS. Bangladesh Bureau of Statistics, Noakhali. Statistical Year book of Bangladesh. 33rd Edn. Planning Division, Ministry of Planning, Bangladesh. 2011; pp: 3.
Quasin, S., Ganguly, K., Roy, S. and Nath, A. Diversity of macrobenthic fauna of two pisciculture ponds of West Bengal. Envirn. Ecol., 2009; 27: 1017-1021.
Ramamurthy, S. Hydrobiological studies in the Madras coastal water. J. Madras Univ., 1953; 13(23): 148-163.
Weyl and Peter, K. Oceanography-An Introduction to the Marine Environment: Mostly physical, chemical and geological with some biology and ecology. Prentice-hall, New York, 1970, pp: 535.
Biswas, D. M. Macrozoobenthic diversity of a rural pond near Naihati, West Bengal. Int. R. J. Interdisciplinary & Multidisciplinary Stud., 2015; 1(4):11-14.
Nupur, N., Shahjahan, M., Rahman, M. S. and Fatema, M.K. Abundance of macrobenthos in relation to bottom soil textural types and water depth in aquaculture ponds. Int. J. Agril. Res. Innov. & Tech., 2013;3 (2): 1-6.
Ahmed, K. K., Haldar, G. C., Hossain, M. M. and Paul, S. K. Macrobenthic fauna of Kaptai Lake (Bangladesh). Ind. J. Fish., 1991; 38(3):173-176.
Sharma, K. K., Kour, S. and Antal, N. Diversity of Zooplankton and Macrobenthic invertebrates of two Perennial Ponds in Jammu region. J. Glob. Biosci., 2015; 4(2):1382-1392.
Arshad, A., Ara, R., Amin, S. M. N., Effendi, M., Zaidi, C. C. and Mazlan, A. G. Influence of environmental parameters on shrimp post-larvae in the Sungai Pulai sea grass beds of Johor Strait, Peninsular Malaysia. Sci. Res. Essays, 2011; 6: 5501-5506.
Aura, C. M., Raburu, P. O. and Herrmann, J. Macro invertebrates' community structure In Rivers Kipkaren and Sosiani, River Nzoia basin, Kenya. J. Eco. Nat. Environ., 2011; 3: 39-46.
Science Publishing Group
1 Rockefeller Plaza,
10th and 11th Floors,
New York, NY 10020
Tel: (001)347-983-5186