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Molecular Approaches for Understanding of the Uterine Malignant Mesenchymal Tumours
American Journal of Bioscience and Bioengineering
Volume 3, Issue 5, October 2015, Pages: 47-49
Received: Sep. 9, 2015; Accepted: Sep. 21, 2015; Published: Oct. 9, 2015
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Authors
Takuma Hayashi, Department of Immunology and Infectious Disease, Shinshu University School of Medicine, Nagano, Japan; Promoting Business using Advanced Technology, Japan Science and Technology Agency (JST), Tokyo, Japan
Akiko Horiuchi, Horiuchi Ladies Clinic, Nagano, Japan
Kenji Sano, Department of Laboratory Medicine, Shinshu University Hospital, Nagano, Japan
Nobuo Yaegashi, Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, Tohoku University Graduate School of Medicine, Miyagi, Japan
Hiroyuki Aburatani, The Cancer System Laboratory, Research Center for Advanced Science and Technology, the University of Tokyo, Tokyo, Japan
Ikuo Konishi, Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, Kyoto University Graduate School of Medicine, Kyoto, Japan
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Abstract
Sarcomas are neoplastic malignancies that typically arise in tissues of mesenchymal origin. The identification of novel molecular mechanisms leading to mesenchymal transformation and the establishment of new therapies and biomarker has been hampered by several critical factors. First, this type of malignant tumour is rarely observed in the clinic with fewer than 15, 000 newly cases diagnosed each year in the United States. Another complicating factor is that sarcomas are extremely heterogeneous as they arise in a multitude of tissues from many different cell lineages. The scarcity of clinical materials coupled with its inherent heterogeneity creates a challenging experimental environment for clinicians and scientists. Faced with these challenges, there has been extremely limited advancement in treatment options available to patients as compared to other malignant tumours. In order to glean insight into the pathobiology of sarcomas, scientists are now using mouse models whose genomes have been specifically tailored to carry gene deletions, gene amplifications, and somatic mutations commonly observed in human sarcomas. The use of these model organisms has been successful in increasing our knowledge and understanding of how alterations in relevant oncogenic, tumour suppressive, and signaling pathways directly impact sarcomagenesis. It is the goal of many in the biological community that the use of these mouse models will serve as powerful in vivo tools to further our understanding of sarcomagenesis and potentially identify new biomarker and therapeutic strategies.
Keywords
Mesenchymal Tumour, Leimyosarcoma, PSMB9, TUMOUR PROTEIN 53 (TP53), RETINOBLASTOMA (RB)
To cite this article
Takuma Hayashi, Akiko Horiuchi, Kenji Sano, Nobuo Yaegashi, Hiroyuki Aburatani, Ikuo Konishi, Molecular Approaches for Understanding of the Uterine Malignant Mesenchymal Tumours, American Journal of Bioscience and Bioengineering. Vol. 3, No. 5, 2015, pp. 47-49. doi: 10.11648/j.bio.20150305.14
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