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Thermo-Mechanical Properties of Motor Vehicle Brake Pad Using Periwinkle Shell and Treated Cow Bone as Filler
Advances in Bioscience and Bioengineering
Volume 7, Issue 3, September 2019, Pages: 37-42
Received: Jun. 3, 2019; Accepted: Jul. 9, 2019; Published: Jul. 30, 2019
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Ejiogu Ibe Kevin, Directorate of Research and Development, Nigeria Institute of Leather and Science Technology, Samaru, Zaria, Nigeria; Department of Chemistry, Ahmadu Bello University, Samaru, Zaria, Nigeria
Ayejagbara Mosunmade Olukemi, Department of Polymer Technology, Nigeria Institute of Leather and Science Technology, Samara, Zaria, Nigeria
Ibeneme Uche, Department of Chemistry, Ahmadu Bello University, Samaru, Zaria, Nigeria; Department of Polymer Technology, Nigeria Institute of Leather and Science Technology, Samara, Zaria, Nigeria
Anigbogu Maryann Uzochukwu, Department of Polymer Technology, Nigeria Institute of Leather and Science Technology, Samara, Zaria, Nigeria
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Brake pad was produced using periwinkle shell and treated cow borne as base materials, phenolic resin as binder, material, aluminum oxide, copper oxide and zinc oxide as abrasive, and graphite as friction modifier. The particulate size of the filler materials considered was 250µm, Five samples were produced (Samples A, B, C, D and E) witht composition ratios of 60/25, 55/30, 40/35, 45/40 and 40/45 cow bone/periwinkle shell hybrid filler respectively. The produced brake pad samples were evaluated by testing the mechanical, thermal and physical properties. The hardness test showed that as the filler loading increases, there was a steady increase in hardness strength of the material and sample E showed (100.0) most closest hardness value to the required standard (101.0 Shore). The abrasion resistance showed a decrease with increasing filler loading, which could be due to poor interfacial adhesion between binder (PR) and other components due to poor distribution ratio of the filler quantity in the matrix (binder). The impact strength test result revealed that the higher the filler loading, the lower the average impact strength and samples A, B and C met the required standard brake pad impact strength; except for samples D and E, which could be due to the decrease in the quantity of binder (PR). The water absorption test result showed progressive increase in water absorption with increasing filler loading. Samples A and B with water absorption of 5.56% and 6.25% respectively were found to fall wthin the range of the required standard of 4.5%. The coefficient of friction test result showed a steady decrease as the filler loading increased, however, sample E with 0.36µ exhibited a coefficient of friction within the required standard range for automobile vehicles with a coefficient of fiction range of 0.35 – 0.42 µ. The Therrmo Gravimetric Analysis (TGA) test result for sample A was chosen because it proved to give superior performance over others. Sample A showed a percent weight loss as the temperature increased from 299.00°C to 88714°C. Sample A showed thermal stability at 299°C with degradation setting in at 470.07°C and with a percent weight loss of 24.715%.
Phenolic Resisn, Cow Bone, Periwinkle Shell, Thermo-Mechanical Properties
To cite this article
Ejiogu Ibe Kevin, Ayejagbara Mosunmade Olukemi, Ibeneme Uche, Anigbogu Maryann Uzochukwu, Thermo-Mechanical Properties of Motor Vehicle Brake Pad Using Periwinkle Shell and Treated Cow Bone as Filler, Advances in Bioscience and Bioengineering. Vol. 7, No. 3, 2019, pp. 37-42. doi: 10.11648/
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