Efficiency of Polychaete Nereis (Neanthes) Succinea as Biomonitor for Heavy Metals Pollution in the Red Sea, Egypt
Advances in Bioscience and Bioengineering
Volume 5, Issue 5, October 2017, Pages: 86-91
Received: Jan. 8, 2017;
Accepted: Jan. 18, 2017;
Published: Oct. 30, 2017
Views 2449 Downloads 168
Rashad El Sayed Mohammed Said, Department of Zoology, Faculty of Science, Al Azhar University, Assiut Branch, Egypt
AbdAllah Tharwat AbdAllah, Department of Zoology, Faculty of Science, Al Azhar University, Assiut Branch, Egypt
Mohsen Abdelhafez Mostafa, Department of Zoology, Faculty of Science, Al Azhar University, Assiut Branch, Egypt
Nasser Abdellatif El-Shimy, Department of Zoology, Faculty of Science, Assiut University, Assiut, Egypt
Polychaetes nereids groups are the most common in shallow marine habitats and abundant in benthic communities. This group was proved to tolerate a high burden of heavy metals within their tissues. The current work assesses the effect of water criteria; sea water temperature, hydrogen ion concentration (pH), dissolved oxygen concentration, turbidity, conductivity and salinity on the uptake and storage of four heavy metals; Mn,, Pb, Cd and Cu in tissues of the marine polychaete worm Nereis succinea collected from two sites at Hurghada, Red sea; the Marine Biological Station (MBS) and the Fishing Port at Sakala (FPS). Bioaccumulation Factors (BAFs) were determined to evaluate the capability of the investigated annelid worm to accumulate heavy metals, so as to be used as sentinel species for monitoring metal pollutants. Population density of the investigated polychaete was determined at both studied sites as related to water criteria. ANOVA statistical analysis has indicated significant higher concentration of Mn, Pb, Cd and Cu in water at FBS than MBS (P<0.01) and high tissue concentration of Mn, Cd, Pb and Cu at individuals collected from FBS (P<0.01). The highest value of annual mean of BAF at Nereis tissues were recorded for Cu (1023.09±816.55), while the lowest BAF was for Pb (162.97±118.03). Polychaete abundance was significantly higher at MBS. Significant effect was found for water criteria on metal bioaccumulation and population density of Nereis. Data were discussed to evaluate the sensitivity of N. succinea to heavy metal pollutants and its possible use as biological monitor for metal contaminants at marine habitats.
Rashad El Sayed Mohammed Said,
AbdAllah Tharwat AbdAllah,
Mohsen Abdelhafez Mostafa,
Nasser Abdellatif El-Shimy,
Efficiency of Polychaete Nereis (Neanthes) Succinea as Biomonitor for Heavy Metals Pollution in the Red Sea, Egypt, Advances in Bioscience and Bioengineering.
Vol. 5, No. 5,
2017, pp. 86-91.
Awheda, I.., Ahmed, A. Y., Fahej, M. A. S., Elwahaishi, S. S. & Smida, F. A. (2015). Fish as bioindicators of heavy metals pollution in marine environments: a review. Indian Iournal of Applied Research, 5.
Ravera, O. (2001). Monitoring of the aquatic environment by species accumulator of pollutants: a review. Journal of Limnology, 60, 63–78.
Shukor, Y. N., Baharom, A., AbdRahman, F., Abdullah, M. P., Shamaan, N. A., & Syed, M. A. (2006). Development of a heavy metals enzymatic–based assay using papain. Analytica Chimica Acta. 566, 283–289.
Duruibe, J. O., Ogwuegbu, M. O. C. & Egwurugwu, J. N. (2007). Heavy metal pollution and human biotoxic effects. International Journal of Physical Science. 2, 112-118.
Torres, M. A., Barros, M. P., Sara, C. G., Campos, E. P. Satish, R. Richardand, T. & Sayre, P. C. (2008). Biochemical Biomarkers in algae and marine pollution: A review. Ecotoxicology and Environmental Safety. 71
Stanciu G., Mititelu, M. & Gutaga, S. (2005). Pesticides and heavy metals determination in marine organisms from Black Sea. Chemical Bulletin. 50, 1-2.
Stanchevai, M., Makedonski, L. & Petrova, E. (2013). Determination of heavy metals (Pb, Cd, As and Hg) in Black Sea Grey Mullet (Mugil cephalus). Bulgarian Journal of Agricultural Science, 19.
Simkiss, K., Taylor, M., &Mason, A. Z., 1982. Metal detoxification and bioaccumulation in molluscs. Marine Biological Letters 3, 187–201.
Philips, D. J. H. & Rainbow, P. S. (1993). Biomonitors of Trace Aquatic Contaminants. Elsevier Applied Science.
Rainbow, P. S. &Philips, D. J. H. (1993). Cosmopolitan bio-monitors of trace metals. Marine Pollution Bulletin, 26, 593–601.
AbdAllah, A. T. (2006). Investigations on bioconcentration and toxicity of lead and copper to the freshwater prosobranch Lanistes carinatus, Malacologia, 48 (1), 27-34.
AbdAllah, A. T. (2014). Light structure as biomarker for heavy metal bioaccumulation and toxicity in molluscan gastropod 330-334. In “Microscopy: advances in scientific research and education,” A. Méndez-Vilas, Ed.” Formatex Publishers
AbdAllah, A. T. &Moustafam M. A. (2002). Accumulation of lead and cadmium in the marine prosobranch Nerita saxtilis, chemical analysis, light and electron microscopy. Environmental Pollution.116, 185–191.
Rvera, O., Beone, G. M. Trincherinem P. R. &Riccardi, N. (2007). Seasonal variations in metal content of two Unio pictorum mancus (Mollusca, Unionidae) populations from two lakes of different trophic state,” Journal of limnology. 66 (1), 28–39.
McDaniel, W. (1991). Sample preparation procedure for petrochemical determination of total recoverable elements in biological tissues in "revision 1.0 Environmental monitoring systems laboratory,” pp23–29. U. S environmental protection agency.
Kraak, M. H. S., Toussaint, M., Bleekerm A. J. & Lavy, D. (1993). Metal regulation in two species of freshwater bivalve. In: Dallinger, R., Rainbow, P. S. (Eds.), Ecotoxicology of Metals in Invertebrates,” SETAC Special Publication Series. Lewis Publishers, Ann Arbor, London, pp. 175–186.
Durou, C., Smith, B. D., Romeo, M., Raibow, B. S., Mouneyrac, C., Mouloud, M., Gnassia-Barelli, M., Gellit, P., Detuch, B. & Amiard-Triquet, C. (2007). From biomarkers to population responses in Nereis diversicolor: Assessment of stress in estuarine ecosystems. Ecotoxicology and Environmental Safety. 66, 402–411.
Attrill, M. J., & Depledge, M. H. (1997). Community and population indicators of ecosystem health: Targeting links between levels of biological organization. Aquatic Toxicology. 38, 183–197.
Emara, A. M. & Belal, A. A. (2004). Marine fouling in Suez Canal, Egyp. Journal of Aquatic Research. 189-206.
Mahdy, A. A. (2005). Taxonomical and ecological studies on marine zooplankton of the Red Sea, Egypt,” M. Sc. Thesis, Fac. Sci., Al-Azhar Univ. Assiut.
Dowidar, N. M., & Mostafa, H. M. (1983). Phytoplankton biomass and primary production in the south eastern Mediterranean off the Egyptian coast. Rapp. P. -V. Reun. CIESM, 28 (8): 85-88.
Saeed, M. O., Al-Khamis, S. I. Al-Thobaitim E. S., Ozair, G. & Mohammad, K. (2005). Study on the silt density index problem in the SWCC Jeddah Sea water reverse osmosis plants1. Saline Water Desalination Research Institute. Saline Water Conversion Corporation (SWCC),” P. O. Box 8328, Al-Jubail 31951, Saudi Arabia.
Rafiu, A. O. D. P. Roelien & R. Isaac, (2007). Influence of discharged effluent on the quality of surface water utilized for agricultural purposes,” African Journal of Biotechnology. 6, 2251–2258.
Obuid–Allah, A. H. A. T., AbdAllah, H. M. Abu–Eldahab, N. S., Abdul-Rahman, A. A. & Mahdy, A. M. (2055). Impact of heavy metal contamination on seasonal abundance of planktonic copepods inhabiting mangrove area in Safaga, Red Sea, Egypt. Egypt,” Journal of Experimental Biology (Zoo.). 1: 57-66.
Ait Alla, A., Gillet, P., Deutsch, B., Moukrim, A., & Bergayou, H. (2006). Response of Nereis diversicolor (Polychaeta, Nereidae) populations to reduced wastewater discharge in the polluted estuary of Oued Souss, Bay of Agadir, Morocco. Estuar. Coastal Coast. Shelf Scince. 633-642.
Bower, A. S., Fratantoni, D. M. Johns, W. E. & Peters, H. (2002). Gulf of Aden eddies and their impact on Red Sea water. Geophysical Research Letters,” 29 (21): 20-25, doi: 10.1029/2002GL015342.
Mohamed, Z. A. & Mesaad, I. (2007). First report on Noctiluca scintillans blooms in the Red Sea off the coasts of Saudi Arabia: consequences of eutrophication. Oceanologica, 49, 337–351.
Rainbow, P. S. (2002). Trace metal accumulation in marine invertebrate: Marine biology or marine chemistry?. Journal of Marine Biology. Association. U. K., 77: 195–210.
Tayab, M. R, 1991. Environmental impact of heavy metal pollution in natural aquatic systems. Environmental pollution science, PhD Thesis. pp171. The University of west London.
Wang, A. S., Angle, J. S. Chaney, R. L. Delorme, T. A. & Reeves, R. D. (2006). Soil pH effects on uptake of Cd and Zn by Thlaspi caerulescens. Plant and Soil, 281, 325–337.