Investigation of Eichornia Natans, Pistia Stratiotes and Nymphaea Lotus in Relation to Their Calorific Values and Elemental Composition for Efficient Biofuel Utilization
Advances in Bioscience and Bioengineering
Volume 5, Issue 5, October 2017, Pages: 82-85
Received: Jul. 2, 2017; Accepted: Jul. 11, 2017; Published: Oct. 30, 2017
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Authors
Jimoh Afeez Oyeshola, Department of Chemistry, Nigerian Defence Academy, Kaduna, Nigeria
Ijege King Odigiri, Department of Applied Sciences, Kaduna Polytechnic, Kaduna, Nigeria
Babagana Muktar, Department of Applied Sciences, Kaduna Polytechnic, Kaduna, Nigeria
Amusan Victor Oluwasanmi, Department of Biological Sciences, Nigerian Defence Academy, Kaduna, Nigeria
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Abstract
The relationship between the high heating values (HHVs) and the elemental contents of some freshwater biomass were studied. The results obtained from the ultimate analysis show that the HHVs of the freshwater biomass is a function of total carbon and hydrogen contents but, a weak function of oxygen, nitrogen and sulphur. Analyses of the experimental results shows that, the HHVs of the biomass tested are not linearly related to their total hydrogen contents but, directly related to their total Carbon contents. HHV’s calculated from theoretical correlations using the elemental contents of C, H, N, S and O compared well with that of the American Standard of Testing Materials (ASTM) results and also in good agreement with the widely reported values in the acceptable range of 17-21 MJ/kg.
Keywords
High Heating Values, Calorific Values, Freshwater, Biomass, Ultimate Analysis
To cite this article
Jimoh Afeez Oyeshola, Ijege King Odigiri, Babagana Muktar, Amusan Victor Oluwasanmi, Investigation of Eichornia Natans, Pistia Stratiotes and Nymphaea Lotus in Relation to Their Calorific Values and Elemental Composition for Efficient Biofuel Utilization, Advances in Bioscience and Bioengineering. Vol. 5, No. 5, 2017, pp. 82-85. doi: 10.11648/j.abb.20170505.12
Copyright
Copyright © 2017 Authors retain the copyright of this article.
This article is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/) which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.
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