Study of Effect of Sodium Arsenite on Lipid Metabolism of Heteropneustes Fossilis and the Chelating Effect of Zeolite
Advances in Bioscience and Bioengineering
Volume 1, Issue 1, June 2013, Pages: 22-27
Received: May 10, 2013; Published: Jun. 10, 2013
Views 2728      Downloads 154
Authors
Jayasree Balasubramanian, Department of Zoology, St. Thomas College, Bhilai, CG, India
Anil Kumar, Department of Zoology, Govt. V. Y. T. PG. Autonomous College, Durg, CG, India
Article Tools
PDF
Follow on us
Abstract
Arsenic, the metal pollutant found naturally in groundwater and unnaturally in mine waste sites and agricultural runoff, has been considered toxic to humans for several millennia. Fishes, which are rich sources of a healthy diet, are endangered by hazardous contaminants in water, like arsenic, which are transferred through food chain. In the present work the effect of different concentrations of sodium arsenite on lipid metabolism in Heteropneustes fossilis, and the chelating effect of synthetic zeolite was studied from liver. Fishes were exposed to two different concentrations of sodium arsenite (200ml and 400ml of 1% solution), for 3 different durations (3days, 7days and 15 days). The concentrations of total Cholesterol, HDL, LDL and triglyceride was found significantly increased (P<0.05) along with increasing concentration and duration of sodium arsenite. The toxic effect was found recovered after application of synthetic zeolite for all parameters. The results suggest that, zeolite is a potential compound for decreasing significantly the load of toxicity of arsenic in aquatic fauna.
Keywords
Sodium Arsenite, Synthetic Zeolite, Heteropneustes Fossilis, Lipid Metabolism, Adsorption
To cite this article
Jayasree Balasubramanian, Anil Kumar, Study of Effect of Sodium Arsenite on Lipid Metabolism of Heteropneustes Fossilis and the Chelating Effect of Zeolite, Advances in Bioscience and Bioengineering. Vol. 1, No. 1, 2013, pp. 22-27. doi: 10.11648/j.abb.20130101.13
References
[1]
P.K. Pandey, R.N. Khare, S. Sharma, S.K. Sar, M. Pandey and P. Binayake, Arsenicosis and deteriorating ground water quality: unfolding crisis in central east India region. Curr.Sci.1999, 77:686-693.
[2]
USEPA 1996, Clean AIR Act, Section 112 (k): Candidate Pollutants, draft report. Research Triangle Park, North Carolina: United States Environment Protection Agency, Office of Air Quality Planning and Standards, Visibility and Ecosystem Protection Group.
[3]
W.H. Lederer and R.J. Fensterheim, Arsenic: Industrial, Biomedical, Environmental Perspectives. 1983, New York: Van Nostrand Reinhold.
[4]
K. Hanusch, H. Grossman, K.A. Herbst, B. Rose and H.V. Wolf, Arsenic and Arsenic Compounds. In: Ullmans Encyclopedia of Industrial Chemistry 5th ed. Vol A3. Gerhartz W, Yammamoto Y S , Campbell F T, Pfefferkom R Rounsaville J F eds. Federal Republic of Germany; VCH. 1985, 113-141.
[5]
B. Herreros, The X-Ray Diffraction Zeolite Database on the web. Bruno Herreros Homepage.1996.
[6]
C.A. Fyfe, G.T. Kakotailo, J.D. Graham, C. Browning, G.C. Gobbi, M. Hyland, G.J. Kennedy and C.T. Deschutter, Demonstration of contact induced ion exchange in zeolites.J.Am.Chem.Soc.1986,Feb1;108(3):522-3.doi:10.1001/ja00263a036.
[7]
S. Shevade, R.G. Ford, Use of synthetic zeolites for arsenate removal from pollutant water: Water Research. 2004; 38:3197–3204.
[8]
E. Erdem , N. Karapinar, R. Donat, The removal of heavy metal cations by natural zeolites. J. colloid and Interface Science. 2004; 280: 309-314.
[9]
R. James and K. Sampath, Effect of the ion-exchanging agent, zeolite, on reduction of cadmium toxicity: an experimental study on growth and elemental uptake in Heteropneustes fossilis (Bloch). Journal of aquaculture in the tropics.1999, 14: No.1.
[10]
S.K. Jain, Protective role of zeolite on short- and long-term lead toxicity in the teleost fish Heteropneustis fossilis. Chemosphere.1999; 39(2): 247-251.
[11]
R.N. Ram and A.G. Sathyaneshan, Mercuric chloride induced changes in the protein; lipid and cholesterol levels of the liver and ovary of fish Channa punctatus Environ.Ecol.1984, 2:113-117.
[12]
K.V. Sastry and K. Sharma, Effect of mercuric chloride on the activities of the brain enzymes in fresh water teleost Ophiocephalus punctatus. Ecotoxicol.Environ.Saf. 1980, 11: 352-360.
[13]
Smitha Garg, R.K.Gupta and K.L.Jain, Sub lethal effects of heavy metals on biochemical composition and their recovery in Indian major carps. Journal of hazardous metals.2009, Vol-163, ssue2-3, 1369-1384.
ADDRESS
Science Publishing Group
1 Rockefeller Plaza,
10th and 11th Floors,
New York, NY 10020
U.S.A.
Tel: (001)347-983-5186