Please enter verification code
Confirm
Predictive Value of Race and Gender on Gang Attitudes Among Young Adults
International Journal of Education, Culture and Society
Volume 2, Issue 6, December 2017, Pages: 203-207
Received: Aug. 25, 2016; Accepted: Oct. 16, 2017; Published: Dec. 22, 2017
Views 2425      Downloads 124
Authors
Moneque Walker-Pickett, Department of Criminal Justice, Saint Leo University, Saint Leo, USA
Katrina A. Homer-Darg, Department of Criminal Justice, American Inter Continental University, Schaumburg, USA
Article Tools
Follow on us
Abstract
While much research has been done on gangs in general, little research exists that has examined the predictors of attitudes toward gangs held by young adult women in micropolitan communities. The researchers conducted a predictive correlational research study to determine the significant predictors of attitudes toward gangs held by small-metropolitan community young adults between the ages of eighteen and 25. Through survey sampling, the researchers found that gender was a significant predictor of attitudes toward gangs within this sample population, and race was also a significant predictor of attitudes. Recommendations for gang prevention and reduction measures are suggested along with recommendations for future research examining attitudes toward gangs.
Keywords
Gangs, Gang Research, Gang Studies, Gang Attitudes, Gender, Race, Young Adult, Youth
To cite this article
Moneque Walker-Pickett, Katrina A. Homer-Darg, Predictive Value of Race and Gender on Gang Attitudes Among Young Adults, International Journal of Education, Culture and Society. Vol. 2, No. 6, 2017, pp. 203-207. doi: 10.11648/j.ijecs.20170206.17
Copyright
Copyright © 2017 Authors retain the copyright of this article.
This article is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/) which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.
References
[1]
Archer, L., & Grascia, A. M. (2006). Girls, gangs and crime: Profile of the young female offender. Journal of Gang Research, 13(2), 37−49.
[2]
Blatchford, C. (Producer). (2004). Chuckie, Midget, and Tortilla Flats. (Television Broadcast). Los Angeles, CA: Fox 11 News.
[3]
Brown, W. K. (1977). Black female gangs in Philadelphia. International Journal of Offender Therapy and Comparative Criminology. 21: 221-228.
[4]
Decker, S. H., Melde, C., & Pyrooz, D. C. (2013). What do we know about gangs and gang members and where do we go from here? Justice Quarterly, 30 (3), 369-402.
[5]
Durkheim, E. (1999). The normal and the pathological. In S. H. Traub and C. B. Little (eds). Theories of Deviance. (pp. 4-8). Itasca, IL: F. E. Peacock Publishers.
[6]
Franzese, R. J., Covey, H. C., & Menard, S. (2016). Youth gangs. Charles C Thomas Publisher.
[7]
[7] Freng, A. and Esbensen, F. (2007). Race and gang affiliation: An examination of multiple marginality. Justice Quarterly. 24 (4): 600-628.
[8]
Howell, J. C. (2015). The History of Street Gangs in the United States: Their Origins and Transformations. Lexington Books.
[9]
Lopez, D. A. and Brummett, P. O. (2003). Gang membership and acculturation: ARSMA-II and choloization. Crime & Delinquency. 49: 627-642.
[10]
Mendoza-Denton, N. (2014). Homegirls: Language and cultural practice among Latina youth gangs. John Wiley & Sons.
[11]
National Alliance of Gang Investigators Association. (2005). 2005 National gang threat assessment. Washington DC: Bureau of Justice Assistance.
[12]
National Gang Center. National Youth Gang Survey Analysis. Retrieved September 9, 2016 from http://www.nationalgangcenter.gov/Survey-Analysis.
[13]
Office of Juvenile Justice and Delinquency Prevention. (2012). Highlights of the 2012 National Youth Gang Survey. OJJDP Fact Sheet. Retrieved September 9, 2016 from http://www.ojjdp.gov/pubs/248025.pdf.
[14]
Shelden, R. G., Tracy, S. K., & Brown, W. B. (2012). Youth gangs in American society. Nelson Education.
[15]
Snethen, G., & VanPuymbroeck, M. (2008). Girls and physical aggression: Causes, trends, and intervention guided by Social Learning Theory. Journal of Aggression and Violent Behavior: 13 (8), 346−354.
[16]
Thornberry, T. P., Krohn, M. D., Lizotte, A. J., Chard-Wierschem. (1993). The Role of Juvenile Gangs in Facilitating Delinquent Behavior. Journal of Research in Crime and Delinquency, 30 (1), 55-87.
[17]
Thrasher, F. M. (1927/1963). The Gang: A study 1,313 gangs in Chicago. Chicago: University of Chicago Press.
[18]
United States Census Bureau. (2009). Retrieved on June 10, 2011 from http://www.census.gov/population/www/metroareas/aboutmetro.html.
[19]
Valdez, A., Mikow, J., & Cepeda, A. (2006). The role of stress, family, coping, ethnic identity, and mother–daughter relationships on substance use among gang affiliated Hispanic females. Journal of Social Work Practice in the Addictions: 6 (4), 31−54.
[20]
Vigil, J. D. (2002). A rainbow of gangs: Street cultures in the mega-city. Austin: University of Texas Press.
[21]
Violence Prevention Coalition of Greater Los Angeles. (2007, June). Fact Sheet: Gang Violence. Retrieved on May 14, 2010 from http://www.ph.ucla.edu/sciprc/pdf/GANG_VIOLENCE.pdf.
[22]
Weisheit, R. A. and Wells, L. E. (2001). The perception of gangs as a problem in nonmetropolitan areas. Criminal Justice Review. 26(2): 170-192.
[23]
Wiernik, C. (2007). Attitudes, Beliefs, Behavior, and Criminological Research. Conference Papers -American Sociological Association, 1.
[24]
Winfree, L. T., Backstrom, T. V., and Mays, G. L. (1994). Social learning theory, self-reported delinquency, and youth gangs: A new twist on a general theory of crime and delinquency. Youth Society. 26: 147-177.
[25]
Winfree, L. T., Bernat, F. P., and Esbensen, F. (2001). Hispanic and anglo gang membership in two southwestern cities. The Social Science Journal. 38: 105-117.
[26]
World Health Organization (WHO). (2011). Gender, Women and Health. Retrieved on October 16, 2011 from http://www.who.int/gender/whatisgender/en/.
[27]
Zatz, M. S. and Portillos, E. L. (2000). Voices from the barrio: Chicano/a gangs, families, and communities. Criminology. 38(2): 369-401.
ADDRESS
Science Publishing Group
1 Rockefeller Plaza,
10th and 11th Floors,
New York, NY 10020
U.S.A.
Tel: (001)347-983-5186