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Equality of Opportunity and Achievement Gaps in the Israeli Education System
International Journal of Education, Culture and Society
Volume 1, Issue 2, October 2016, Pages: 58-65
Received: Aug. 19, 2016; Accepted: Sep. 2, 2016; Published: Oct. 18, 2016
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Yaakov Gilboa, Department of Applied Economics and Management, Sapir Academic College, Sderot, Israel
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The Israeli government regularly uses the Educational Needs Index (ENI) to determine the resources needed to educate children growing up in less affluent environments. This paper investigates some results of this practice. By using data from children who were tested in nationwide exams at grades 5 and 8 we find that in Mathematics, at the school level, the negative correlation between the average test scores and the ENI is about 2.2 times higher in grade 8 than in grade 5 and that children from low index schools are more likely to improve their scores. OLS and quantile regressions of a value-added model on a subsample of the data emphasize the importance of parental education to children's educational attainment. It also shows a negative effect of the ENI on test scores. Our final conclusion is that the Israeli education policy fails to fully guarantee equality of opportunity to its students.
Equality of Opportunity in Education, Achievement Gaps, Value-Added Model
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Yaakov Gilboa, Equality of Opportunity and Achievement Gaps in the Israeli Education System, International Journal of Education, Culture and Society. Vol. 1, No. 2, 2016, pp. 58-65. doi: 10.11648/j.ijecs.20160102.15
Copyright © 2016 Authors retain the copyright of this article.
This article is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License ( which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.
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