Foresight is Partially Formed from Resilience: The Relationship Between Self-Esteem and Future Time Perspective Among Japanese High School Students
International Journal of Education, Culture and Society
Volume 2, Issue 2, April 2017, Pages: 76-82
Received: Feb. 27, 2017; Accepted: Mar. 13, 2017; Published: Mar. 28, 2017
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Yukihiro Takagishi, Faculty of Education, Kumamoto University, Kumamoto, Japan
Tomoko Kuraoka, Department of Student Counselling, Kumamoto Seiryo High School, Kumamoto, Japan
Tomohiro Ide, Faculty of Education, Shizuoka University, Shizuoka, Japan
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Self-esteem is considered as an influential factor that makes foresight positive; however, people experience a variety of adversities over their lifetime that impair their self-esteem. Nevertheless, many people still have positive foresight because of the influence of resilience, which aid one in overcoming specific adversities. We examined the relationship between self-esteem, future time perspective, and resilience. Japanese high school students (N = 1427; boys = 596, girls = 831) completed a questionnaire comprising self-esteem, time perspective, and resilience scales. A series of path analyses demonstrated that self-esteem facilitated future hope and mitigated present feeling of emptiness. Furthermore, resilience mediated the relationship between self-esteem and time perspective. Self-directedness of resilience increased future hope. Additionally, being optimistic could positively influence foresight; however, there were sex differences in its function. Among boys, being optimistic increased future hope; among girls, being optimistic decreased present emptiness. These results suggest that gaining the ability to overcome adversities may affect being positive about one’s future. However, youths should be taught how to relax and think positively, not only to enhance future hope, but also to mitigate emptiness.
Time Perspective, Resilience, Self-Esteem, High School Student
To cite this article
Yukihiro Takagishi, Tomoko Kuraoka, Tomohiro Ide, Foresight is Partially Formed from Resilience: The Relationship Between Self-Esteem and Future Time Perspective Among Japanese High School Students, International Journal of Education, Culture and Society. Vol. 2, No. 2, 2017, pp. 76-82. doi: 10.11648/j.ijecs.20170202.15
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This article is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License ( which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.
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