A Review on Epidimiology and Control Aspect of Dourine in Ethiopia
Animal and Veterinary Sciences
Volume 7, Issue 3, May 2019, Pages: 69-77
Received: Mar. 28, 2019; Accepted: Apr. 29, 2019; Published: Jun. 13, 2019
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Author
Temesgen Kassa Getahun, Ethiopian Institute of Agricultural Research Holeta Agricultural Research Center Animal Health Research Program, Holeta, Ethiopia
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Abstract
Dourine is a chronic or acute contagious disease of breeding equids which transmitted directly from animal to animal during coitus. It is caused by T. equiperdum which is rarely detected in the blood stream and normally localizes in the capillaries of the mucous membranes of the urogenital tract. The diagnosis of T. equiperdum is not straight forward and this can lead to difficulties in achieving reliable data on the prevalence and distribution of infections and in the implementations and monitoring of control programs of the disease. The only effective control of dourine remains strict control of breeding; good hygiene is essential during assisted mating because infection may be transmitted through contaminated fomites. So the main objective is to review the epidemiology and control method practiced in Ethiopia.
Keywords
Control, Dourine, Epidemiology, Equine (Horse) T. equiperdum
To cite this article
Temesgen Kassa Getahun, A Review on Epidimiology and Control Aspect of Dourine in Ethiopia, Animal and Veterinary Sciences. Vol. 7, No. 3, 2019, pp. 69-77. doi: 10.11648/j.avs.20190703.11
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Copyright © 2019 Authors retain the copyright of this article.
This article is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/) which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.
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