The Effects of Early Feed Restriction on Growth Performance, Internal Organs and Blood Biochemical Indicators of Broilers
Animal and Veterinary Sciences
Volume 5, Issue 6, November 2017, Pages: 121-125
Received: Sep. 30, 2017; Accepted: Oct. 23, 2017; Published: Dec. 8, 2017
Views 2797      Downloads 203
Chenxi Xu, College of Animal Science and Technology, Yangzhou University, Yangzhou, P. R. China
Haiming Yang, College of Animal Science and Technology, Yangzhou University, Yangzhou, P. R. China
Zhiyue Wang, College of Animal Science and Technology, Yangzhou University, Yangzhou, P. R. China
Yan Wan, Jiangsu Dadi Animal Health Products co., LTD, Huaian, P. R. China
Banghong Hou, Jiangsu Dadi Animal Health Products co., LTD, Huaian, P. R. China
Chuan Ling, Jiangsu Dadi Animal Health Products co., LTD, Huaian, P. R. China
Article Tools
Follow on us
The growth rate of broiler chickens has increased greatly due to enhancement in genetics, nutrition and management. However, the high growth rate of broilers has caused many health problems, To avoid those problems, feed restriction was used as a management strategy to prevent excessive growth during early period. This study accessed the effects of early feed restricted on growth performance, internal organs and blood biochemical indicators of broilers. A total of 180 male Arbor Acres broilers were obtained and randomly assigned to 2 treatment groups. The treatments included control group (basal diet and feed restricted group (dietary energy and protein levels were diluted by 10%). At 14 d, two birds of each replicate were randomly chosen, wing vein blood samples were taken for blood biochemical indicators determination, then slaughtered to measure internal organs. The result showed that birds fed diluted feed had lower (P<0.05) body weight at 14 days. There was no significant difference in body weight between restricted and control groups at 42 days. No changes were observed in feed intake and feed conversion ratio between groups. Feed restriction also had no significant effects on internal organs, intestine and serum biochemical indicators. Taken together, this study suggested that dietary protein and energy diluted by 10% from 8 to 14 d is a suitable feeding program.
Early Feed Restriction, Broilers, Growth Performance
To cite this article
Chenxi Xu, Haiming Yang, Zhiyue Wang, Yan Wan, Banghong Hou, Chuan Ling, The Effects of Early Feed Restriction on Growth Performance, Internal Organs and Blood Biochemical Indicators of Broilers, Animal and Veterinary Sciences. Vol. 5, No. 6, 2017, pp. 121-125. doi: 10.11648/j.avs.20170506.14
Copyright © 2017 Authors retain the copyright of this article.
This article is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License ( which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.
Zubair A K, Leeson S, 1996. Compensatory growth in the broiler chicken: a review. Worlds Poultry Science Journal. 52, 189-201.
Acar N, Sizemore F G, Leach G R, et al., 1995. Growth of broiler chickens in response to feed restriction regimens to reduce ascites. Poultry Science. 74, 833-843.
Urdanetarincon M and Leeson S, 2002. Quantitative and qualitative feed restriction on growth characteristics of male broiler chickens. Poultry Science. 81, 679-688.
Santoso U, 2002. Effects of early feed restriction on the occurrence of compensatory growth, feed conversion efficiency, leg abnormality and mortality in unsexed broiler chickens reared in cages. Asian-australasian journal of animal sciences. 15, 1319-1325.
Deaton J W, 1995. The effect of early feed restriction on broiler performance. Poultry Science. 74, 1280-1286.
Komprda T, Zelenka J, Fajmonová E, et al. 2000. Meat quality of broilers fattened deliberately slow by cereal mixtures to higher age:1. Growth and sensory quality. Archive Fur Geflugelkunde. 64, 167-174.
Butzen F M, Ribeiro A M L, Vieira M M, et al. 2013. Early feed restriction in broilers. I–Performance, body fraction weights, and meat quality. The Journal of Applied Poultry Research. 22, 251-259.
Mench J A, 2002. Broiler breeders: feed restriction and welfare. Worlds Poultry Science Journal, 58, 23-29.
Chen W, Guo Y M, Huang Y Q, et al., 2012. Effect of Energy Restriction on growth, slaughter performance, serum biochemical parameters and Lpin2/WDTC1/mRNA expression of broilers in the later phase. Journal of Poultry Science. 49, 12-19.
Teimouri A, Rezaei M, Pourreza J, et al., 2006. Effect of diet dilution in the starter period on performance and carcass characteristics of broiler chicks. International Journal of Poultry Science. 7, 63-69.
Rezaei M and Hajati H, 2010. Effect of diet dilution at early age on performance, carcass characteristics and blood parameters of broiler chicks. Italian Journal of Animal Science. 9, 93-100.
Sharma N K, Sapkota M, Sah R, et al., 2013. Performance and Carcass Characteristics of Broilers Under Diets Supplemented with Whole Grains. Nepal Journal of Science and Technology. 13, 21-28.
Sahraei M and Shariatmadari F, 2007. Effect of different levels of diet dilution during finisher period on broiler chickens performance and carcass characteristics. International Journal of Poultry Science. 6, 280-282.
Tumova E, M Skirvan, V Skirvanova, L Kacerovska, 2002. Effect of early feed restriction on growth in broiler chickens, turkeys and rabbits. Czech Journal of Animal Science Uzpi. 47, 418-428.
Lee K H and Leeson S, 2001. Performance of broilers fed limited quantities of feed or nutrient during seven to fourteen d of age. Poultry Science. 80, 446-454.
Shi B M, Shan A S, Chan L, 2005. Effects of Diet Dilution during the Finishing Period on the Performance and Carcass Characteristics of Broiler Chickens. Journal of Northeast Agricultural University (English Edition). 12, 122-125.
Hassanabadi A, 2008. The Effects of Early Age Feed Restriction on Performance and Carcass Characteristics of Male Broiler Chickens. Journal of Animal and Veterinary Advances. 7, 372-376.
Yang Y X, Guo J, Yoon S Y, et al., 2009. Early energy and protein reduction: effects on growth, blood profiles and expression of genes related to protein and fat metabolism in broilers. British Poultry Science. 50, 218-227.
Fontana E A, Jr W W, Denbow, 1993. Early feed restriction of broilers: effects on abdominal fat pad, liver, and gizzard weights, fat deposition, and carcass composition. Poultry Science. 72, 243-250.
E E Onbaşılar S. Yalçın E. Torlak et al., 2009. Effects of early feed restriction on live performance, carcass characteristics, meat and liver composition, some blood parameters, heterophil-lymphocyte ratio, antibody production and tonic immobility duration. Tropical Animal Health and Production. 41, 1513-1519.
Wijtten P J A, Hangoor E, Sparla J K W M, et al., 2010. Dietary amino acid levels and feed restriction affect small intestinal development, mortality, and weight gain of male broilers. Poultry Science. 89, 1424-1439.
Palo P E, Sell J L, Piquer F J, et al., 1995. Effect of Early Nutrient Restriction on Broiler Chickens.:1. Performance and Development of the Gastrointestinal Tract. Poultry Science. 74, 88-101.
Azis A, Abbas H, Heryandi Y, et al.,2010. Thyroid hormone and blood metabolites concentrations of broiler chickens subjected to feeding time restriction. Media Peternakan. 35, 32-37.
Jahanpour H, Seidavi A, Qotbi A A A, et al., 2015. Effects of the level and duration of feeding restriction on carcass components of broilers. Archive Fur Tierzucht. 58, 99-105.
Rajman M, Juráni M, Lamosová D, et al., 2006. The effects of feed restriction on plasma biochemistry in growing meat type chickens (Gallus gallus). Comparative Biochemistry and Physiology Part A Molecular and Integrative Physiology. 145, 363-371.
Science Publishing Group
1 Rockefeller Plaza,
10th and 11th Floors,
New York, NY 10020
Tel: (001)347-983-5186