Growth Performance, Carcass Quality, Organ Weights and Haematology of Broilers Fed Graded Dietary Levels of Turmeric (Curcuma longa l) Powder as Feed Additive
Animal and Veterinary Sciences
Volume 8, Issue 3, May 2020, Pages: 65-70
Received: Apr. 20, 2020;
Accepted: May 22, 2020;
Published: Jun. 28, 2020
Views 86 Downloads 47
Paul Milverton Eko, Department of Animal Science, University of Uyo, Uyo, Akwa Ibom State, Nigeria
Kolawole Daniel Afolabi, Department of Animal Science, University of Uyo, Uyo, Akwa Ibom State, Nigeria
Glory Eddy Enyenihi, Department of Animal Science, University of Uyo, Uyo, Akwa Ibom State, Nigeria
The growth performance, carcass qualities, organs weight and haematology of ninety-six (96) day-old Agritech broiler birds fed Turmeric powder additive were evaluated. The birds were reared on deep litter system and were randomly allotted to four (4) treatments of graded dietary levels (0, 1.5, 3.0 and 4.5%) of Turmeric powder denoted as; T1, T2, T3 and T4 respectively. Each treatment with 24 birds was also replicated thrice with 8 birds per replicate in a Completely randomized design for 56 days. Performance indicators measured included feed intake, body weight gain, feed conversion ratio, carcass and organ weights and haematological parameters. Results showed that turmeric additive elicited significant differences (P ≤ 0.05) across treatments. Bodyweight gain (2113.00g) and feed conversion ratio (2.02) were significantly higher in broilers fed diets with 1.5% turmeric powder (T2) than those on other treatments. Turmeric additive also improved the carcass and organ weights as well as the haematological parameters in which the erythrocytic and leukocytic counts were not significantly different (P ≥ 0.05) in T2, T3 and T4 except for the control. However, the overall positive effect of turmeric powder in broiler diet was observed in T2 (1.5%) following improved feed intake, body weight gain and feed conversion ratio and this inclusion level is advocated while further research in other avian species available in warm wet regions of Nigeria is suggested.
Paul Milverton Eko,
Kolawole Daniel Afolabi,
Glory Eddy Enyenihi,
Growth Performance, Carcass Quality, Organ Weights and Haematology of Broilers Fed Graded Dietary Levels of Turmeric (Curcuma longa l) Powder as Feed Additive, Animal and Veterinary Sciences. Special Issue: Promoting Animal and Veterinary Science Research.
Vol. 8, No. 3,
2020, pp. 65-70.
Eko, P. M., Udoh, U. H. and Edem, I. D. (2014). Contributions of different litter levels on birds’ performance, quality of poultry droppings on soil nutrients and percent seed emergence of Cowpea (Vigna unguiculata) in acid sand. International Journal of Agriculture and Forestry 4 (2): 73-74.
Nworgu, F. C., Oduola, O. A., Falola, D. O., Adebose, T. K., Olajide, M. O., Akingbogun, S. A. and Oguntayo, C. T. (2012). Effects of wilted waterleaf (Talinuin triangulare) leaves on the performance of growing pullets. Proceeding of the 37th Annual Conference of the Nigerian Society for Animal Production, 315p
Odukoya, S. O. Adedeji, A. Y. and Temola, A. A. (2014). Effect of feeding frequency on the performance characteristics of broiler chickens. In: Abdullahi, A. R. (eds). Proceedings of the 39th Annual Conference, Nigerian Society for Animals Production. Pp. 561.
Owen, O. J., Amakiri, A. O. and Faaka, K. G. (2013). Performance indices of broiler chickens administered Garlic (Allium sativum) feed additive. In: Oruwari, B. M. (eds). Proceedings of the 38 and 40 Annual Conference, Nigerian Society for animal Production, 505p.
Fatokun, B. O., Idris, A. S., Ukandu, P. and Olajide, O. B. (2010). Haematological changes observed in cockerel chickens fed with graded levels of raw Gmelina arboreal seed meal. In: Ifut, O. J. (eds), Proceedings of the 15th Annual Conference Nigerian Society for Animal Production, pp. 315.
Olomu, J. M. (2011) Monogastric animal Nutrition: Principles and Practice (2nd ed.) Benin, St. Jackson Publishing, p. 278.
Windisch, W., Schedle, K., Plitzner, C. and KroisMayr, A. (2008). Use of phytogenic products as feed additives for swine and poultry. Journal of Animal Science 86: 140-148.
Dono, N. D. (2013). Tumeric (Curcuma longa L). Supplementation as an alternative to antibiotics in poultry diets. WARTAZOA, 23 (1): 41-46.
Mohammed, A. A. and Yusuf, M. (2014). Evaluation of Ginger (Zingiberofficinale) as a feed additive in broiler diets. Livestock Research for Rural Development, 23 (9): 1-2.
EL-Husseiny, O. M., Abdallah, A. G. and Abdel-Latif, K. O. (2008). The influence of biological feed additives on broiler performance. International Journal of Poultry Science 7 (9): 862-871.
Budhwaar, V. (2010). The Secret Benefits of Ginger and Tumeric. India, New Dawn Press, Pages 66-82.
Durrani, F. R., Mohammed, I., Asad S., Shail, S. M., Naila, C. and Durrani, Z. (2006). Effect of different levels of feed added Tumeric (Curcuma longa) on the performance of broiler chicks. J. Agric. Biol. Sci. 1 (2): 9-10.
Bagchi, A. (2012). Extraction of Curcumin. Journal of Environmental Science and Toxicology and Food Technology 1 (3): 1-16.
Jurenka, J. S. (2009). Anti-inflammatory properties of Curcumin, a major constituent of Curcuma longa. A Review of Preclinical and Clinical Research. Alternative Medicine Review 14 (2): 141.
Jaggi, L. (2012). Tumeric, Curcumin and Our Life: A Review Bulletin of Environment, Pharmacology and Life Sciences 7: 11-17.
Chattopadhyay, I., Biswas, K., Bandyopadhyay, U. and Banerjee, R. K. (2004). Tumeric and Curcumin. Biological actions and medical applications. Current Science 87 (1): 44-46.
Nouzarian, R., Tabeidian, S. A., Toghyani, M., Ghelamkari, G. and Toghyani, M. (2011) Effect of Tumeric powder on performance, carcass traits, humoral immune responses and serum metabolites in broiler chickens. Journal of Animal and Feed Science, 20: 389-400.
Akpabio, I. A. and Chukukere, O. C. (2004). Profitability of Poultry Egg Production in Uyo Metropolis of Akwa Ibom State, Nigeria. Discuss Paper 10, Agric. Economics and Extension Department, University of Uyo, Nigeria. Page 28.
Oluyemi, J. A. and Roberts, F. A. (2000). Poultry Production in Warm Wet Climates (2nd ed.), Ibadan, Spectium Books Ltd, p. 244.
AOAC (2006). Official Methods of Analysis 18th Association of Official Analytical Chemists, Arlington, V. A. USA, page 16.
Mitruka, B. M. and Rawnsley, H. M. (1977). Clinical Biochemical and Haematological Reference Values in Normal Experimental Animals, Philadephia, Masson Publishing USA. Inc, N. Y. pages 86-88.
Sonaiya, E. B., Williams, A. R. and Oni, S. A. (1986). Biological economic appraisal of broiler production up to 16 weeks. Journal of Animal Sci. Res. 6 (2): 112-125.
Steel, R. G. and Torrie, H. (1980). Principal and Procedure of Statistics. A Biometric Approach (2nded), New York, McGraw Hill Book. Pages. 113-114.
Duncan, B. (1955). Multiple Ranges and Multiple F-test. Biometrics 11: 1-14 Reddy,, N. R M. E Press, New York pp. 143-153.
AL-Sultan, S. I. (2003). The effect of Curcuma longa, (Tumeric) on the overall performance of broiler chickens. International Journal of Poultry Science 2 (5): 351-353.
Prasad, S. and Aggarwal, B. B. (2011). Tumeric, the Golden spice: From traditional medicine to modern medicine. In: Benzie and Watchtel (eds) Herbal medicine. Bimolecular and clinical aspects (2ed), Boca Raton, CRC Press, p. 14.
Ahmadi, F. (2010). Effect of Tumeric (Curcuma longa L.) powder on performance oxidative stress state and some of the blood parameters in broilers fed diets containing aflatoxin B1. Glob. Vet. 5: 312-317.
Emadi, M. and Kermanshahi, H. (2006). Effect of Tumeric rhizome powder on performance and carcass characteristics of broiler chickens. International Journal of Poultry Science 5: 1069-1072.
Sugiharto, I., Widiastuti, E. and Prabowo, N. S. (2011). Effect of Tumeric extract on blood parameters, feed efficiency and abdominal, fat content in broilers. Indonesian Trop. Anim. Agric. 36: 21-26.
Ajuonuma, O. O. and Awodi, A. B. (2012). Effect of Molasses on Haematology of Broiler Chickens. In: Bitto, I. I. (ed). Proceedings of the 37th Annual Conference, Nigerian Society for Animal Production. Pp. 198.
Shohe, A., Vidyarthi, V. K. and Zuyie, R. (2019). Performance of Broiler Chicken on Diet Supplemented with Turmeric Powder (Curcuma longa). Livestock Research International 7 (2): 77-82. www.jakraya.com/journa/lri
Mondal, M. A., Yeasmin, T., Karim, R. Siddiqui, M. N., Raihanun-Nabi, S. M., Sayed, M. A. and Siddiky, M. N. A. (2015). Effect of dietary supplementation of Turmeric (Curcuma longa) powder on the growth performance and carcass traits of broiler chicks. SAARC Journal of Agriculture, 13 (1): 188-199. https://www.banglajol.info/index.php/SJA/article/view/24191