Potential of Water Extracts from Reticulitermes Flavipes on Control of Solenopsis Gayi
Animal and Veterinary Sciences
Volume 6, Issue 6, November 2018, Pages: 102-106
Received: Sep. 4, 2018;
Accepted: Oct. 11, 2018;
Published: Mar. 15, 2019
Views 735 Downloads 100
Joaquín Ipinza-Regla, Laboratory of Zoology and Ethology, College of Science, Universidad Mayor, Santiago, Chile
Alejandra Olivares, Laboratory of Zoology and Ethology, College of Science, Universidad Mayor, Santiago, Chile
Jaime Eduardo Araya, College of Agronomic Sciences, University of Chile, Santiago, Chile
Follow on us
Five nests each of Reticulitermes flavipes Kollar (Isoptera: Rhinotermitidae) and Solenopsis gayi Spinola (Hymenoptera: Formicidae) were collected in sites distanced at least 1 km in the Metropolitan Region, Santiago, Chile, to study the modification of hermeticism conducts of termites exposed to ant specimens on transparent plastic arenas lined with filter paper sprayed or bathed with a water extract of the termite, obtained by setting 20 of them on test tubes that were frozen, added acetone, and stirred in a vortex mixer. Finally the termites were eliminated and the acetone evaporated with gaseous nitrogen. Then, the extracts were dissolved in H2O. A control group was used per nest. The behavior of S. gayi receiving R. flavipes treated or untreated was observed during 6 min, registering antennal exploration (AE), mandible opening (MO), biting (BI), abdomen flexed dorsally or ventrally (AFD and AFV, respectively), fighting (FI), backward movement (BM), transport of intruder (TI), and death (DE). The behavior of R. flavipes receiving treated or untreated termites was also observed during 6 min, registering the approach to the intruder and brief pursuit by one or more termites (API), mandible opening (MO), and biting (BI). The transference of ants treated to their original nests increased the frequency of recognition events (AE and MO), as well as BI, which occurred earlier, compared with control groups. In contrast, when treated ants were transferred to receiving termites, a decreased frequency and a delayed appearance occurred in API and MO. Intruder death (DE) did not occur in both transference bioassays. In summary, S. gayi treated were recognized as intruders and rejected by the ants of their nests. In contrast, the recipient R. flavipes termites recognized the extract-treated ants as members of their nests.
Behavior Parameters, Epicuticle Extract, Fire Ant, Hermetism, Subterranean Termite
To cite this article
Jaime Eduardo Araya,
Potential of Water Extracts from Reticulitermes Flavipes on Control of Solenopsis Gayi, Animal and Veterinary Sciences.
Vol. 6, No. 6,
2018, pp. 102-106.
Copyright © 2018 Authors retain the copyright of this article.
This article is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/
) which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.
Porras, G. 2001. Hermetismo de hormigas sobre termitas. Memoria Medicina Veterinaria, Universidad Mayor, Santiago, Chile. 102 p.
Hölldobler, B., and Wilson, E. O. 2000. The ants. The Belknap Press, Harvard University. Cambridge, US. 732 p.
Quinet, Y., Tekule, N., and De Biseau, J. C. 2005. Behavioural interactions between Crematogaster brevispinosa rochai Forel (Hymenoptera: Formicidae) and two Nasutitermes species (Isoptera: Termitidae). Journal of Insect Behavior 18 (1): 1-17.
Chouvenc, T., Mullins, A. J., Su, N. Y. 2015. Territorial status-quo between the big-headed ant (Hymenoptera: Formicidae) and the Formosan subterranean termite (Isoptera: Rhinotermitidae). Florida Entomologist 98 (1):157-161.
Ipinza-Regla, J., Figueroa, G., and Moreno, I. 1984. Iridomyrmex humilis (Formicidae) y su papel como posible vector de contaminación microbiana en industria de alimentos. Folia Entomológica Mexicana 62: 111-124.
Ipinza-Regla, J., Maack, A., and Morales M. A. 2013. Closure of Solenopsis gayi (Spinola, 1851) (Hymenoptera: Formicidae) against Reticulitermes flavipes (Kollar, 1837) (Isoptera: Rhinotermitidae) in artificial nests. Acta Entomológica Chilena 33 (1-2): 23-30.
Ipinza-Regla, J., and Morales, M. A. 1998. Hermetismo en laboratorio y condiciones naturales para Camponotus morosus Smith, 1858 (Hymenoptera: Formicidae). Gayana Zoología 62 (2): 177-181.
van Wilgenburg, E., Felden, A., Choe, D. H., Sulc, R., Luo, J., Shea, K. J. Elgar, M. A. N. D. Tsutsui, N. D. 2012. Learning and discrimination of cuticular hydrocarbons in a social insect. Biology Letters 8 (1):17-20.
van Sweden, J. S., D’Ettorre, P. 2010. Nestmate recognition in social insects and the role of hydrocarbons. Insect hydrocarbons: biology.
Nowbahari, E., Scohier, A., J Durand, J. L., Hollis, K. L. 2009. Ants, Cataglyphis cursor, use precisely directed rescue behavior to free entrapped relatives. PLoS One 4 (8): e6573
Fernández, C. 2006. Evaluación de los extractos acuosos de Camponotus chilensis Spinola, 1858 como posible control de termitas subterráneas: Reticulitermes hesperus Banks, 1920. Memoria Medicina Veterinaria, Universidad Mayor, Santiago, Chile. 78 p.