Epidemiology of Small Ruminant Fasciolosis in Arid Areas of Lower Awash River Basin, Afar Region, Ethiopia
Animal and Veterinary Sciences
Volume 5, Issue 6, November 2017, Pages: 102-107
Received: Apr. 12, 2017; Accepted: May 22, 2017; Published: Nov. 5, 2017
Views 2824      Downloads 151
Hailegebrael Bedada, College of Veterinary Medicine, Samara University, Semera, Afar, Ethiopia
Fikru Gizaw, College of Veterinary Medicine, Samara University, Semera, Afar, Ethiopia
Wossen Negash, College of Veterinary Medicine, Samara University, Semera, Afar, Ethiopia
Angesom Hadush, College of Veterinary Medicine, Samara University, Semera, Afar, Ethiopia
Ali Wassie, College of Veterinary Medicine, Samara University, Semera, Afar, Ethiopia
Ashenafi Gebregergious, Semera Veterinary Regional Laboratory, Semera, Afar, Ethiopia
Article Tools
Follow on us
Across sectional study was conducted from December 2014 to February 2015 to determine the prevalence of Fasciolosis and associated risk factors of small ruminant in selected districts of Lower Awash River Basin. A total of 295 faecal samples were collected from (166 goat and 129 sheep), kept under pastoral and agro-pastoral area. Out of the total 295 faecal samples examined 32.5% (259) were found positive to Fasciola infection. The result revealed that significantly higher prevalence of Fasciola infection was observed in goats 37.9% (63) than sheep 25.6% (33). The risk of Fasciolosis in goats were 0.477 times higher than sheep (OR=0.477, p<.048). Animals with poor body condition had higher (44.5%) prevalence than animals with good body condition (13.3%). Significantly (OR=3.513, p<0.001) higher prevalence of disease was observed in animals managed under agro-pastoral production system than those kept in pastoral production. Like wise significant variation in prevalence was observed between the flocks contain both species of animal and contain only sheep or goat (OR=0.354, p<0.036). However, the prevalence of Fasciola infection was not significantly different between male and female animals. In the study area animal nutrition and social awareness on the importance of Fasciola infection is generally poor; low productivity in small ruminants is likely to be aggravated by a high prevalence of Fasciola. Hence, urgent and organized control strategies should be designed and implemented as milk of small ruminant is main source of food for pastoralists.
Fasciola, Small Ruminants, Prevalence, Lower Awash, Afar
To cite this article
Hailegebrael Bedada, Fikru Gizaw, Wossen Negash, Angesom Hadush, Ali Wassie, Ashenafi Gebregergious, Epidemiology of Small Ruminant Fasciolosis in Arid Areas of Lower Awash River Basin, Afar Region, Ethiopia, Animal and Veterinary Sciences. Vol. 5, No. 6, 2017, pp. 102-107. doi: 10.11648/j.avs.20170506.12
Copyright © 2017 Authors retain the copyright of this article.
This article is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/) which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.
Abel, B., Reta, T. and Samuel, D. 2015. Prevalence and Associated Risk Factors of Fasciola Infection In Small Ruminants Slaughtered at Addis Ababa Abattoir Enterprise, Ethiopia with Reference to Diagnostic Value of Its Coprological Examination. African J of Bas and App Sciences 7(4): 181-186, 2015.
Abunna, F., Asfaw, L., Megersa, B. and Regassa, A. 2010. Bovine fasciolosis: coprological, abattoir survey and its economic impact due to liver condemnation at Soddo municipal abattoir, Southern Ethiopia. Trop. Anim. Health Prod. 42: 289-292.
Ahmed, E. K., Markvichistr, S., Jumwasorn, S., Koonawoothtthin, S., Achoothesa, S. 2007. Prevalence of Fasciola species infections of sheep in the middle awash river basin. Ethiopian J. Tropical Medicine 38: 51-52.
Ahmed, S., Nawaz, M., Gul, R., Zakir M. And Razzaq, A. 2005. Diversity and revalence of Trematodes in Livers of Sheep and Goat in Quetta, Pakistan. Pak. J. Zool., 37: 205-210.
ANRS, “Afar National Regional State: Programme of Plan on Adaptation to Climate Change,” Report, Semera. 2010. http://ebook browse.com/afar-national-regional-state climate-change-adaptation-program-pdf-d127720299.
Central Statistic Agency (CSA). 2012. Federal Democratic Republic of Ethiopia, Central Statistical Agency Agricultural Sample Survey. Report on livestock and livestock characteristics; VolumeII, Addis Ababa, March 2012.
Chanie, M. and Begashaw, S. 2012. Assessment of the Economic Impact and Prevalence of Ovine Fasciolosis in Menz Lalo Midir District, Northeast Ethiopia, Vet. World. 5(5): 261-264.
Daniel, A. 1995. Economic importance of organ condemination due to Fasciolosis and Hydatidosis in cattle and sheep slaughtered at Diredawa Abattoir. DVM Thesis Faculty of Veterinary Medicine, Addis Ababa University, Ethiopia.
Futagbi, G., Abankwa, J. K., Agbale, P. S. and Aboagye, I. F. 2015. Assessment of Helminth Infections in Goats Slaughtered in an Abattoir in asuburb of Accra, Ghana. West African J of Appl Eco, 23(2): 35–42.
Graber, M. 1978. Helminths and helminthiasis of domestic and wild animals in Ethiopia. Revue Elev. Med. Vet. Pays Trop. 1: 13-95.
Hansen, J. and Perry, B. 1994. The Epidemiology, Diagnosis and Control of Helminth parasite of Ruminants. A hand book. International Laboratory for research on Animal Disease (ILARD), Nairobi, Kenya.
Henok, M. and Mekonnen, A. 2011. Study on the prevalence and risk factors of Fasciolosis in small ruminants in and around Hirna Town, Ethiopia. Global Veterinary, 7(5): 497-501.
Jibat, T., Ejeta, G., Asfaw, Y. and Wudie, A. 2008. Causes of abattoir condemnation in apparently healthy slaughtered sheep and goats at HELMEX abattoir, Debre Zeit, Ethiopia. Revue Médicine Vét 159(5), 305-311.
Manyazewal, A., Zeleke, A., Tadesse, B. and Kumar, A. 2013. Epidemiology of Fasciolosis in Southwest, Ethiopia. Journal of Adv Vet Res 3: 127-134.
Mas-Com, S., Brgues, M. D. and Valero, M. A. 2005. Fasciolosis and other plant borne trematode zoonoses. International J. parasitol., 35: 1255-1278.
Michael, A. 2004. Infection prevalence of ovine Fasciolosis in irrigation schemes along the Upper Awash River Basin and effects of strategic anthelmintic treatment in selected up stream areas, MSc thesis, Addis Ababa University, Ethiopia.
Phiri, I. K., Phiri, A. M. and Harrison, L. J. 2006. Serum antibody isotype response of Fasciola-infected sheep and cattle to excretory and secretary products of Fasciola species. Vet. Parasitol. 141: 234-42.
Piedrafita, D., Spithill, T. W., Smith, R. E. and Raadsma, H. W. 2010. Improving animal and human health through understanding liver fluke immunology. Par Imm, 32: 572–581.
Radiostits, O. M., Gray, C. C., Hinchelift, K. W. and Constable, P. D. 2007. Veterinary Medicine. A text book of the disease of cattle, horses, sheep, pigs and goats, 10th edition. Sunders, Saunders Elsevier, London.
Rahmeto, A., Fufa, A., Mulugeta, B., Solomon, M., Bekele, M. and Alemayehu, R. 2010. Fasciolosis: Prevalence, financial losses due to liver condemnation and evaluation of a simple sedimentation diagnostic technique in cattles laughtered at Hawassa Municipal abattoir, southern Ethiopia. Eth. Vet. J. 14(1): 39-51.
Rubina, A., Muhammad, N. K., Muhammad, S. S. and Muhammad, T. J. 2014. Frequency Distribution of Fasciolosis in Small Ruminants Population at District Sargodha. Global Veterinaria 12(1): 26-32.
Shimelis, D., Asmare, A. and Wudu, T. 2011. Epidemiology of gastro-intestinal helminthiasis of small ruminants in selected sites of North Gondar zone, Northwest Ethiopia. Ethiop. Vet. J. 15(2): 57-68.
Sirajudin, K., Benti, D. and Worku, T. 2012. Small Ruminant Fasciolosis in Jimma Area of South Western Ethiopia: Its Epidemiology and Minimum Monetary Loss. Global Veterinaria 9(5): 635-641, 2012.
Sissay, M. M. 2007. Helminth parasites of sheep and goats in eastern Ethiopia: Epidemiology, and anthelmintic resistance and its management. Doctoral thesis, Swedish University of Agricultural Sciences, Uppsala, Sweden.
Soulsby, E. J. C. (1982): Helminthes, Arthropods and Protozoa of Domestic Animals, 7th edition, Lea and Faebiger, Philadelphia.
UNECA, 2012. Report on livestock value chains in eastern and southern Africa: a regional perspective, Addis Ababa, Ethiopia 19-21 November.
Urquhart, G. M., Armour, J., Duncan, J. L., Dunn, A. M. and Jennings, F. W. 1996. Veterinary parasitology, 2nd ed., Blackwell science Ltd, UK.
Wassie, M. 1995. Prevalence of bovine and ovine Fasciolosis: a preliminary survey in Nekemte and its surrounding areas. DVM Thesis Faculty of Veterinary Medicine, Addis Ababa University, Ethiopia.
Yehualashet, B., Aklilu, A., Kaleab, Z. and Tsegaye, A. 2013. Prevalence and economic importance of liver parasites: Hydatid Cyst, Fasciola species and Cysticercus tenuicolis in sheep and goats slaughtered at Addis Ababa abattoir enterprise in Ethiopia. J of Vet Med and Anim Health 5(1): 1-7.
Yilma, J. M., and Malone, J. B. 1998. A geographic information system forecast model for strategic control of Fasciolosis in Ethiopia. Vet Parasito 78(2), 103-127.
Science Publishing Group
1 Rockefeller Plaza,
10th and 11th Floors,
New York, NY 10020
Tel: (001)347-983-5186