Botanical and Ethnoveterinary Surveys of Two Acacias (Acacia raddiana and Acacia nilotica) Exploited in Small Ruminant Rearing in Sahelian Area of Burkina Faso
Animal and Veterinary Sciences
Volume 5, Issue 5, September 2017, Pages: 63-68
Received: Jul. 12, 2017; Accepted: Jul. 21, 2017; Published: Aug. 22, 2017
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Zabré Geneviève, Department of Animal Production, Institute of Environment and Agricultural Research, Ouagadougou, Burkina Faso; Laboratory of Animal Physiology, University of Ouagadougou, Ouagadougou, Burkina Faso
Kaboré Adama, Department of Animal Production, Institute of Environment and Agricultural Research, Ouagadougou, Burkina Faso
Bayala Balé, Laboratory of Animal Physiology, University of Ouagadougou, Ouagadougou, Burkina Faso
Tamboura H. Hamidou, Department of Animal Production, Institute of Environment and Agricultural Research, Ouagadougou, Burkina Faso
Belem Adrien Marie Gaston, Institute of Rural Development, Nazi Boni University, Bobo-Dioulasso, Burkina Faso
Niderkorn Vincent, National Institute of Agronomic Research, Clermont-Ferrand, France
Livio Martin Costa Junior, Universidade Federal Do Maranhão, Departamento de Patologia, São Luís, Brazil
Louvandini Helder, Universidade de São Paulo, Centro de Energia Nuclear Na Agricultura, Piracicaba, Brazil
Hoste Hervé, National Institute of Agronomic Research, Toulouse, France
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In Burkina Faso, rural livestock farmers in arid and semi-arid areas rely heavily on woody plant resources such as Acacia nilotica and Acacia raddiana to satisfy the needs of small ruminant rearing. The assessment of the availability and the use of these two species are therefore essential to better manage them sustainably for their preservation. The survey carried out in the area showed that the questioned farmers exploited the leaves and pods of the two Acacia for the needs of the ruminants. 100% of the farmers exploit A. raddiana only for the feeding of small ruminants. However, A. nilotica was exploited for animal feed and health. The most commonly reported treatments are Foot and Mouth Disease (98.7%) followed by diarrhea (73.7%) and foot wounds (51.2%). In order to compare the results of the survey, a botanical inventory was carried out in the area and the results showed that A. raddiana is more available compared to A. nilotica. Also, other local species such as Faidherbia albida, Acacia senegal, Balanites aegyptiaca and Acacia siberiana are also exploited for the needs of small ruminant rearing in the study area. The most important constraints were excessive cutting, drought and overexploitation that negatively impact their survival. Data on these constraints provide the basis for a campaign to raise awareness among herders' communities to preserve these plants to sustainably improve the productivity of small ruminants and consequently farmer’s income.
Acacia nilotica, Acacia raddiana, Surveys, Small Ruminants, Sahelian Area, Burkina Faso
To cite this article
Zabré Geneviève, Kaboré Adama, Bayala Balé, Tamboura H. Hamidou, Belem Adrien Marie Gaston, Niderkorn Vincent, Livio Martin Costa Junior, Louvandini Helder, Hoste Hervé, Botanical and Ethnoveterinary Surveys of Two Acacias (Acacia raddiana and Acacia nilotica) Exploited in Small Ruminant Rearing in Sahelian Area of Burkina Faso, Animal and Veterinary Sciences. Vol. 5, No. 5, 2017, pp. 63-68. doi: 10.11648/j.avs.20170505.11
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