Effects of Sorting on Cannibalism in Catfish (Clarias gariepinus) Rose in Concrete Tanks in Maiduguri, North-Eastern Nigeria
Animal and Veterinary Sciences
Volume 3, Issue 2, March 2015, Pages: 67-73
Received: Nov. 17, 2014; Accepted: Mar. 20, 2015; Published: Apr. 14, 2015
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Authors
Abubakar Abdullahi Biu, Department of Veterinary Microbiology, Parasitology and Virology, Faculty of Veterinary Medicine, University of Maiduguri, Nigeria
Gwana Adamu Mohammed, Laboratory Unit, A.H.P Department, Mohamet Lawan College Agriculture, Maiduguri, Nigeria
Bukar-Kolo M. Yachilla, Department of Medicine, Faculty of Veterinary Medicine, Unimaid, Nigeria
Bako M. Modu, Department of Fisheries, Faculty of Agriculture, Unimaid, Nigeria
Umaru Buba Wakil, Department of Fisheries, Faculty of Agriculture, Unimaid, Nigeria
Abdullahi M. Mai, Department of Basic Science, Mohamet Lawan College of Agriculture, Maiduguri, Nigeria
Ali Abba Gana Benisheikh, Department of Basic Science, Mohamet Lawan College of Agriculture, Maiduguri, Nigeria; Biotechnology Centre, University of Maiduguri, Maiduguri, Nigeria
Adarju M. B., Chad Basin Development Authority, Gambaru-Ngala Road, Maiduguri, Nigeria
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Abstract
This research study was carried out on the effects of cannibalism in catfish (Clarias gariepinus; commonly called “Tarwada” in Hausa language), rose in indoor aquaculture, at the hatchery complex, NIFFRI, Maiduguri. The experiments were designed into three treatments; ‘A’ no sorting (control), ‘B’ daily sorting and ‘C’ weekly sorting, performed after stocking with two replications. Randomly sourced, sampled brood stocks (2 males and 2 females). Standard method was used to induce breeding of Clarias gariepinus by using Ova-prim and fry were obtained. The Juveniles catfish were sorted, counted and stocked into tanks. Their average weight were taken (2.45kg) and density of 100 fish / m2 was tested in each treatment, water parameters, survival rate, growth performance, rates and effects of cannibalism in Clarias gariepinus were determined. Treatment A had the highest mean weight (11.45g ± 2.4), cannibalism rate (40%), with lowest survival rate (60%). Highest survival rate was observed in C (86%), while optimum growth performance was observed in B (4.2g, 5cm, and 8cm). Results revealed that cannibalism is high in treatment A, less in C (2%), same with shooters. High cannibalism in Clarias gariepinus juveniles has been established, this could be controlled by frequent sorting (daily). Further studies are to be conducted on the cost implication of controlling cannibalism in outdoor aquaculture.
Keywords
Aquaculture, Cannibalism, Clarias gariepinus, Concrete Tank, Fry, Hatchery, Indoor, Ova-Prim
To cite this article
Abubakar Abdullahi Biu, Gwana Adamu Mohammed, Bukar-Kolo M. Yachilla, Bako M. Modu, Umaru Buba Wakil, Abdullahi M. Mai, Ali Abba Gana Benisheikh, Adarju M. B., Effects of Sorting on Cannibalism in Catfish (Clarias gariepinus) Rose in Concrete Tanks in Maiduguri, North-Eastern Nigeria, Animal and Veterinary Sciences. Vol. 3, No. 2, 2015, pp. 67-73. doi: 10.11648/j.avs.20150302.16
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