Outcome of Gonadotropin Releasing Hormone Treatment 12 Days Post AI and Double Insemination on Conception Rate of Repeat Breeding Cows in Mekelle, Tigray, Ethiopia
Animal and Veterinary Sciences
Volume 3, Issue 2, March 2015, Pages: 41-45
Received: Jan. 31, 2015; Accepted: Feb. 13, 2015; Published: Feb. 25, 2015
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Authors
Birhanu Hailu, Samara University, College of Veterinary Medicine, Department of Veterinary Epidemiology and Preventive Medicine, Samara, Ethiopia
Berihu Gebrekidan, Mekelle University, College of Veterinary Medicine, Mekelle, Ethiopia
Solmon Raju, Mekelle University, College of Veterinary Medicine, Mekelle, Ethiopia
Alemselam Birhanu, Mekelle University, College of Veterinary Medicine, Mekelle, Ethiopia
Gebrehiwot Tadesse, Mekelle University, College of Veterinary Medicine, Mekelle, Ethiopia
Gezahign Alemayehu, Samara University, College of Veterinary Medicine, Department of Veterinary Epidemiology and Preventive Medicine, Samara, Ethiopia
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Abstract
The aim of the present study was to determine outcome of gonadotropin releasing hormone analogue given 12 days post AI and double inseminations during estrous period of dairy cattle and improvement of conception rate. Field trial was carried out on repeat breeding cross breed dairy cows which are lactating, apparently healthy and exhibits estrus regularly. A total of Sixty three repeat-breeding cows from twenty eight herds were selected and assigned randomly in to three equal groups G (1, 2 and 3); two treated and one control group. Group1 (n=21) cattle were treated intramuscularly with 10 µg buserelin acetate 12 days post AI. Group2 (n=21) cattle were inseminated twice during estrus exhibition with 6-8 hours interval. Group3 (n=21) cattle were receive no treatment, inseminated once as heat was detected and considered as a control group. Dairy cows were examined for pregnancy after three months through rectal palpation. Pregnancy rates recorded were 52%, 38% and 28% in G1, G2 and G3 respectively. Conception rates of treated groups (G1 and G2) exceed control group by 24% and 10% respectively and showed a significant statistical variation (P<0.05) as compared to control groups. Comparison between treated groups also indicated that G1 has statistical significant difference from G2. From this experiment, it is recommended that use of GnRH 12 days can improve pregnancy rate as compared to double insemination and single service.
Keywords
Crossbred Cattle, Estrus, Double Insemination, GnRH Analogue, Pregnancy Rates
To cite this article
Birhanu Hailu, Berihu Gebrekidan, Solmon Raju, Alemselam Birhanu, Gebrehiwot Tadesse, Gezahign Alemayehu, Outcome of Gonadotropin Releasing Hormone Treatment 12 Days Post AI and Double Insemination on Conception Rate of Repeat Breeding Cows in Mekelle, Tigray, Ethiopia, Animal and Veterinary Sciences. Vol. 3, No. 2, 2015, pp. 41-45. doi: 10.11648/j.avs.20150302.12
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